Science, Agriculture and Research: A Compromised Participation?
William Buhler, Stephen Morse, Eddie Arthur, Susannah Bolton and Judy Mann
Biotechnology, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), 'mad cow disease', chemical
contamination and other food scares have all put the spotlight on new developments in
food production and the way in which agricultural research is conducted. Some argue that
the research is in the pockets of the agribusiness multinationals, with scant regard other
than for their profits. Others maintain that without new technologies there is little chance of
finding ways to feed the world's growing population.
Hardback 220pp ISBN 9781853836961
Softcover 220pp ISBN 9781853836916
In this clear, concise and illuminating book, agricultural researchers themselves explain what is involved: why
they do what they do, what drives the research methods and agenda, who funds it and how the whole system
functions. They explore the complexities and trade-offs in a vital field of scientific work which, like many other
areas of science, affect all of us and raise important questions of trust, public perception and management.
They show what, in an inevitably imperfect process, is necessary to ensure responsible and accountable new
technologies and applications.
The Approach Taken
- What Drives Agricultural Research?
The Research Process and Policy - How Does it all Work?
The Importance of Funding in Research
Who Are the Funding Agencies, How Do They Work and What is Their Remit?
Who is Intended to Benefit from the Research?
The Peer-review Process and Research Funding
The Funding Agency Panels and Boards and Who Influences Them
The Importance of Accountability and Value for Money
The Move to Short-termism
- From Jethro Tull to Grain Mountains: The Origins and Development of
Agricultural Research Systems
A Time-frame of Agricultural Developments since 1700
Problems with Production
The Agricultural Revolution: A Thirst for Knowledge and its Application
Science into Practice - Early Models
Shifting Power: The Democratization of Research
The Politics of Agriculture - Protection versus Improvement
The Industrialization of Agriculture and the Research Process
Control and Accountability
- Agriculture and the Empire: Transferring Technocracies
The Empire and Agricultural Research
Case Study: Nigeria
Agricultural Research Systems in Nigeria
The CGIAR and Africa's Green Revolution
Summary and Conclusions
- Modern Times: Agribusiness and Biotechnology
Farming Priorities for UK Agricultural Research - Declining Participation
Determining Funding Objectives
Guidance from Foresight
Contributions from the EU
Political Agenda of EU Integration?
Applying Applied Science
Academia and Industry Interactions
Future - What Future?
- The Rise (and Further Rise?) of Participation
The Origins of Participation
Farming Systems Research
Rapid and Participatory Appraisal
Current Fronts of Participation
The Further Rise of Participation?
Participation, Research and the CGIAR
The Limits of Participation
Summary and Conclusions
- A Compromised Participation?
The Agricultural Process and Those Involved
The Role of Agricultural Research
Who are the Perceived Beneficiaries?
Who Funds Agricultural Research?
Science and Society
The Political Agenda of Research Funders
Compromised Participation in Overseas Development
Compromised Participation in the UK
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