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Food chemical safety - Volume 1: Contaminants

Edited by D H Watson 
Woodhead  2001  



hardback  336 pages  ISBN 9781855734623      £165.00
This volume provides comprehensive information about contaminants in the food industry. The book opens with an explanation of risk analysis and analytical methods used for detecting contaminants in food products. This is followed by full details of relevant EU and USA regulations. The second part of the book provides information about specific contaminants.

Contents

Introduction D Watson, Food Standards Agency, London, UK

  • Background
  • Pesticides
  • Veterinary drugs
  • Persistent environmental chemicals
  • Processing contaminants
  • Migration from materials and articles in contact with food
  • Naturally occurring toxicants
  • Control measures
  • Current and future trends
  • Dedication and acknowledgement
  • References

Part 1: Analytical methods

Risk analysis D R Tennant, Consultant, UK

  • Introduction
  • Hazard identification in the food supply chain
  • Dose-response characterisation
  • Exposure analysis
  • Risk evaluation
  • Methods for risk management
  • Future trends in risk analysis
  • Sources of further information and advice
  • References

Analytical methods: quality control and selection assurance requirements for food chemical surveillance exercises R Wood, Food Standards Agency, London, UK

  • Introduction
  • Legislative requirements
  • Laboratory accreditation and quality control
  • Proficiency testing
  • Analytical methods
  • Standardised methods of analysis for contaminants
  • The future direction for methods of analysis
  • References
  • Appendix: Information for potential contractors on the analytical quality assurance requirements for food chemical surveillance exercises

Molecular imprint-based sensors in contaminant analysis P D Patel, Leatherhead Food Research Association, UK

  • Introduction
  • The principles of molecularly imprinted polymer-based techniques
  • The development and application of MIP-based sensors
  • Case studies: contaminant analysis
  • Future trends
  • Sources of further information and advice
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Bioassays in contaminant analysis L A P Hoogenboom, State Institute for Quality Control of Agricultural Products (RIKILT), Wageningen, Netherlands

  • Introduction
  • Dioxins and the DR-CALUX bioassay
  • The use of bioassays for other groups of compounds
  • Future developments
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Part 2: Particular contaminants

Veterinary drug residues S N Dixon, Food Standards Agency, London, UK

  • Introduction
  • Control of veterinary products in the UK
  • Chemical substances commonly used in veterinary medicines
  • Surveillance for veterinary drug residues
  • Analytical methods employed in drug residues surveillance
  • Results of surveillance for veterinary drug residues in the UK (1998)
  • Potential effects on human health of veterinary drug residues in food
  • Current issues relating to residues of veterinary drugs in the UK
  • Summary
  • Further reading

Inorganic contaminants in food N. Harrison, Food Standards Agency, London, UK

  • Introduction
  • Metals and metalloids
  • Nitrate and nitrite
  • References

Environmental organic contaminants in food N Harrison, Food Standards Agency, London, UK

  • Introduction
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Dioxins and PCBs
  • Chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • Phthalic acid esters
  • Endocrine disrupters -
  • References

Chemical migration from food packaging L Castle, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, York, UK

  • Introduction
  • Chemical migration and the main factors that control it
  • The range and sources of chemicals in food packaging that pose a potential risk
  • Research on health issues
  • Regulatory context
  • Migration testing
  • Case studies
  • Suggested further reading

Pesticides I Shaw and R Vannoort, Institute of Environmental Science and Research, Christchurch, New Zealand

  • Introduction
  • Monitoring pesticides in food
  • High risk groups
  • The UK's approach to pesticide surveillance
  • Findings from the UK pesticide monitoring scheme
  • Human exposure monitoring
  • Should we ban pesticides?
  • References

Mycotoxins J E Smith, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK

  • Introduction
  • Health implications of mycotoxins
  • Analytical methods
  • Application of HACCP systems to reduce mycotoxin presence
  • Prevention and control of mycotoxins
  • Conclusion and future trends
  • References

Part 3: Regulation

The international regulation of chemical contaminants in food T Berg, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Soborg, Denmark

  • Introduction
  • The nature of international regulation: Codex Alimentarius
  • Decision making and enforcement mechanisms
  • The Codex General Standard on Contaminants and Toxins in Food
  • Future trends
  • Sources of further information and advice
  • References

The regulation of chemical contaminants in foodstuffs in the European Union S A Slorach, National Food Administration, Uppsala, Sweden

  • Introduction
  • Scientific advisory committees
  • Pesticide residues
  • Veterinary drug residues
  • Mercury and histamine in fishery products
  • Other chemical contaminants
  • Future trends
  • References

Contaminant regulation and management in the United States: the case of pesticides C K Winter, University of California, Davis, USA

  • Introduction
  • Pesticide regulation in the US
  • Regulatory monitoring of pesticides in the US
  • Managing pesticides in foods in the US
  • Improving the management of pesticides in food
  • Future trends
  • Further information and advice
  • References
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