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Corn Chemistry and Technology, 2nd Edition

Edited by Pamela J. White and Lawrence A. Johnson 
AACC  2003  



Hardcover  892 pages, 226 illus, 180 tables  ISBN 1891127330      £195.00

Corn: Chemistry and Technology, 2nd Edition provides a broad perspective of new knowledge on corn from 36 expert agronomists, food scientists, and geneticists. This 892 page book is an encyclopedic storehouse of comprehensive information on all aspects of the world's largest crop (in metric tons grown).

Long anticipated and completely revised, the new second edition is 40% larger than the popular first edition published 16 years ago. Many new value-added uses for corn are discussed including: corn fiber oil (a highly nutritious oil packed with heart-healthy phytosterols), starches modified for specific food applications, and nonfood functions and non-feed biobased products to replace non-renewable resources. Three important new chapters have been added, focusing on genetic modifications of corn, popcorn and ornamental corn, and mycotoxins in corn. All of the previous chapter topics have been completely rewritten and updated with new findings, new approaches, and new references. Important traditional references to classic studies have been retained, allowing researchers quick access to both traditional and new reference citations.

Editors White and Johnson have amassed the largest collection of peer-reviewed research on the topic of corn chemistry and technology in a single sourcebook. Like the first edition, it is sure to become the standard industry resource for years to come.

The book will serve as a primary reference for all aspects of corn chemistry and technology and will be invaluable to academic, industrial, and government scientists in the following research areas and disciplines:
·Food Science ·Agronomy ·Plant Breeding ·Chemical Engineering ·Agricultural Engineering ·Genetics ·Harvesting ·Entomology ·Food Safety and Mycotoxin Control ·Mycology · Quality Assurance ·Plant Pathology ·Microbiology ·Nutrition ·Crop and Grain Science ·Chemistry ·Lipids ·Protein ·Starches ·Sweeteners ·Processing ·Economics ·Animal Feed ·Industrial Uses and more.

Table of Contents

Corn Perspective and Culture

Description and Adaptation
Origin and History
Production and Use
Corn Culture
 -Growth and Development
 -Climatic Requirements
 -Soil and Crop Management
 -Pest Management
Summary

Breeding, Genetics, and Seed Corn Production

Introduction
 -Kernel Structure
 -Endosperm Dosage Effect
 -Endosperm Variation
Progress In Corn Improvement
 -Early Inbreeding and Hybridization Experiment
 -Use of Open-Pollinated Varieties, 1910-1936
 -Introduction of Hybrids, 1937-1965
 -Single-Cross and Modified Single-Cross Hybrids, 1966 to the Present
 -Host-Plant Resistance
Breeding Techniques for Selection of Improved Genotypes
 -Mass Selection
 -Random Selfed Lines
 -S1 and S2 Line Selection
 -Recurrent Selection
 -Extraction of Inbred Lines from Populations Improved by Recurrent Selection
 -Inbred Line Development from Recycling Existing Lines or from Inbred Line Families
 -Evaluation of Experimental Material
Kernel Modification Through Breeding
 -Single-Mutant Endosperm Genes
 -Altering Kernel Composition and Integrity by Selection
 Molecular Genetic Tools And Quantitative Traits
  -Molecular Markers for Corn Research
 -Genetic Maps for Corn Research
 -Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis in Corn
 -Current Trends in QTL Analysis
Seed Production
 -Crossing Techniques
 -Isolation Requirements
 -Seed Conditioning
 -Seed Classification
 -Contract Production

Description, Development, Structure, and Composition of the Corn Kernel

Gross Structural Features
 -General Description
 -Hardness Differences Among Corn Classes
 -Nutritionally Enhanced and Specialty Food and Industrial Corns
 -Color
Physical Properties
 -General Properties
 -Moisture
 -Thermal Properties
Kernel Development
 -Pollination and Early Growth
 -Endosperm Development
 -Germ Development
 -Pericarp Development
Composition of the Mature Kernel
 -Whole Kernel
 Endosperm
 -Starchy Endosperm
 -Peripheral Endosperm
 -Aleurone
 -Hilar Layer
 -Germ
 -Pericarp
Summary


Harvesting and Postharvest Management

Harvesting Systems
 -Harvest Systems Defined by End Uses for Corn
 -Combine Harvesting Corn for Grain
 -What is Special About Corn Combines?
 -Categories of Corn Combines
 -Combine Performance Criteria
 -Corn Heads or Platforms on Combines and Pickers
 -Threshing
 -Separating
 -Cleaning
 -Materials Transport
 -Coordinated Functions
 -Spreading Material Other than Grain
 -The Harvest and Kernel Quality
 -Managing Field Operations
 -Cleanout and Combine Hygiene, Fires
 -Cost Management: Private Ownership Versus Contracting
 -Control and Information Systems
 -The Harvester as a Tool in Precision Farming
 Corn Preservation
 -Moisture Content
 -Drying Ear Corn in Cribs
 -Forced-Air Corn Drying
 -High-Moisture Corn Preservation
 Handling Systems
 -Ear Handling
 -Shelled Corn Handling
Storage and Storage Management
 -Ear Corn Storage


Measurement and Maintenance of Corn Quality

U.S. Grades and Standards
 -History, Classes, and U.S. Grades
 -Importance of Grades in Corn Marketing
 -Alternative Marketing Channels
 -ISO 9000 Certification
Grades and Standards of Other Countries
 -History of Grades and Standards for Export Trade
 -Corn Grading Factors of Other Countries
Sampling
 -Accuracy of Sample/Grade Determinations
Moisture
 -Moisture Shrink
 -Reference Moisture Methods
 -Moisture Meters
 -Individual Kernel Moisture Measurement
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Broken Corn, Foreign Material, and Dust
 -BCFM
 -Dust
Density
 -True Density
 -Bulk Density (Test Weight)
 -Porosity
Hardness
 -Significance
 -Measurements
Other Physical Quality Tests
 -Pericarp Damage
 -Stress Cracks
 -Breakage Susceptibility
 -1,000-Kernel Weights
Fungal Invasion
 -Damage Grade Factor
 -Role of Microorganisms in Quality Deterioration
Quality in Corn Utilization
 -Wet Milling
 -Ethanol Processing
 -Beverage Alcohol
 -Dry Milling
 -Alkaline Processing
 -Feed Manufacturing
 -Seed Corn
Conclusions and Trends


Effect and Control of Insects Affecting Corn Quality

Important Insects Affecting Corn Quality
Development of Insects in Stored Grain
 -Developmental Stages
 -Factors Affecting Development
Sampling and Measurement of Insect Populations
Preventive Measures and Control of Insects in Corn Storage
 -Preventive Methods Before Binning
 -Preventive Measures During Binning
 -Preventive Measure After Binning
 -Control Measures After Binning
 -Additional Alternatives to Traditional Pesticides
Summary


Economics of Production, Marketing, and Utilization

Trends in Supply and Production Costs
 -Production Location and Yield
 -Production Costs and Returns
Trends in Utilization
 -Domestic Livestock Feed
 -Food and Industrial Products
 -Seed Use
 -Exports
The Corn Marketing System
 -Overview of Marketing Flows
 -Farm Drying and Conditioning
 -Farm Storage and Marketing
 -Commercial Handling and Storage
Domestic Transportation and Flow Patterns
 -Modal Shares
 -Movements to Domestic Markets
 -Movements to Export Regions
Trends in World Coarse Grain and Corn Markets
 -Major Coarse Grain Markets
 -Corn Supply and Demand
 -Major Competing Exporters
 -Implications of Trade Agreements for U.S. Exports
 -Impact of Biotechnology on World Trade
Corn Pricing System
 -Organized Grain Exchanges
 -Pricing Practices at Country Elevators
 -Price Determination for Corn
Government Programs Affecting the Industry
 -Price-Support Programs
 -Production Adjustment Programs
 -Commodity Storage Programs
 -Commodity-Disposal Programs
 -Production Flexibility and the Freedom to Farm
Summary


Carbohydrates of the Kernel

General Considerations
 -Transfer into the Kernel
 -Distribution Within the Kernel
 -Endosperm Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
 -Monosaccharides
 -Disaccharides and Trisaccharides
 -Sugar Alcohols
 -Phytate
 -Metabolic Intermediates
Complex Carbohydrates-Structural
 -Cell Walls
 -Cellulose
 -Pentosans
 -Other Cell Wall Components
Complex Carbohydrates-Storage
 -Water-Soluble Polysaccharides
 -Starch
Summary


Proteins of the Kernel

Protein Fractionation Overview
Nomenclature for Corn Protein
Endosperm Proteins
 -Prolamins and Protein Body Components
 -Nonprolamin Proteins
Embryo Proteins
Nutrition of Corn Protein
Uses of Corn Protein
 -Food and Feed
 -Industrial Uses


Lipids of the Kernel

Oil Content
 -Effect of Agronomic Practices on Oil Content
 -Genetic Control of Oil Content
 -Value of High-Oil Corn in Animal Feeding
Fatty Acid Composition
 -Effect of Agronomic Practices on Fatty Acid Composition
 -Genetic Control of Fatty Acid Composition
Lipid Class Composition
 -Triacylglycerols (TAGs)
 -Phosphoglycerides
 -Glycosylglycerides
 -Glycosylsphingolipids
 -Phytosterols
 -Hydrocarbons
 -Polyisoprenoid Alcohols
 -Waxes and Cutin
 -Carotenoids
 -Tocols
 -Other Phenols
Distribution of Lipids in the Corn Kernel
 -Dissected Grain
 -Corn Fiber Oil
 -Starch Lipids
Enzymes and Hormones
The Future


Corn Dry Milling: Processes, Products, and Applications

History of Corn Dry Milling
Industry Overview
Dry-Milling Processes
 -Full-Fat Milling Process
 -Bolted Milling Process
 -Tempering-Degerming Milling Process
Dry-Milled Products
 -Categories and Composition
 -Commercial Applications
 -RTE Breakfast Cereals
 -Brewing Adjuncts
 -Extruded and Sheeted Snacks
 -Breadings, Batters, and Prepared Mixes
 -Fortified Foods
 -Nonfood Applications
Future Trends and Developments


Wet Milling: The Basis for Corn Biorefineries

Current Wet-Milling Practices
 -Grain Drying, Storage, and Handling
 -Cleaning
 -Steeping
 -Separation of Kernel Components
 -Feed Production
 -Germ Processing
Process Management
 -Automation
 -Utilities
 -Wastewater
 -Air Pollution Control
Laboratory and Pilot-Plant Simulation of Corn Wet Milling
 -Laboratory Wet-Milling Procedures
 -Pilot-Plant Wet-Milling Procedures
Corn Varieties Processed Commercially
 -Normal Corn
 -Identity-Preserved Corn
Yields, Production, and Marketing of Products
 -Alternative Corn Fractionation Processes
 -Westfalia Process
 -Steeping Grits
 -Alternative Steeping Practices
 -Intermittent Milling and Dynamic Steeping Process
 -Alkali Wet Milling
 -Sequential Extraction Processing
 -Membrane Filtration
 -Decolorized Corn Gluten Meal
 -Corn Fiber Utilization
 -Processing Transgenic Corn for Industrial Enzymes and Specialty Chemicals


Food Use of Whole Corn and Dry-Milled Fractions

Traditional Corn Foods
Food Uses of Dry-Milled Fractions
 -Cornmeal
 -Corn Flour
 -Flaking Grits
 -Breakfast Foods
 -Corn Flake Production
 -Extruded Snacks
 -Arepa Flour from Grits
 -Brewing
 -Distilled Alcoholic Beverages
Alkaline-Cooked Products
 -Lime-Cooked Products
 -Industrial Tortilla Production
 -Fried Snacks
 -Nixtamalized Dry Masa Flours
 -Hominy
 -Fried Nixtamal and Related Products
Specialty Corns
 -Food-Grade White and Yellow Corns
 -Sweet and Green Corn
 -Baby Corn
 -Popcorn
 -Quality Protein Maize
 -Blue Corn
 -Cuzco Corn
Changes in Corn Kernel Structure During Lime Cooking
Nutritional Value of Corn Products
Toxins and Human Health
Future of Corn Foods


Sweet Corn

Origin and History
Genetic Basis of Sweet Corn
 -Endosperm Mutants
 -Other Quality Factors
Breeding
 -Methods
 -Pest Resistance
Production of Sweet-Corn Seed
 -Growing High-Sugar Sweet Corn Seed
 -Harvesting High-Sugar Sweet Corn Seed
 -Conditioning High-Sugar Seed
Production and Utilization of Sweet Corn
 -Production and Trade
 -Utilization
Marketing Sweet Corn
Summary


Nutritional Properties and Feeding Value of Corn and Its By-Products

Nutritional Value of Corn Proteins
 -Normal and High Protein Corn
 -High-Lysine Corn and Synthetic Lysine
Nutritional Value of Corn Lipids
 -Corn Oil
 -Carotenoids
Vitamins
Minerals
Antinutrients
Corn Feed Co-Products from Food Processes
Corn Wet-Milling Feed Products
 -Corn Gluten Feed
 -Corn Gluten Meal
 -Condensed Fermented Corn Extractives (Steep Liquor)
The Distilling Industry
 -Corn Distillers' Dried Grains
 -Distiller's Solubles
Corn Dry Milling
 -Process
 -Hominy Feed


Corn Starch Modification and Uses

Important Physicochemical Properties of Corn Starch
 -Basic Molecular Characteristics of Corn Starch
 -Behavior of Corn Starch Granules in Water
 -Viscosity Characteristics of Corn Starch Pastes
Objectives of Modification
Characterization of Modified Starches
Methods for the Manufacture of Modified Starches
 -Cross-Linking
 -Substitution
 -Acid Thinning
 -Bleaching or Oxidation
 -Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Chemically Modified Corn Starches
 -Cyclodextrins
 -Physical Modification
Corn Starch Utilization
 -Food Utilization
 -Pharmaceutical
 -Functional Fiber and Resistant Starch
 -Corn Starch Utilization in Paper
 -Corn Starch Utilization in Adhesives
 -Starch As a Source of Chemicals
Future of Starch Utilization


Corn Sweeteners

Enzymes Used in the Corn Sweetener Process
 -Glucoamylase (Amyloglucosidase)
 -Fungal - Amylase
 -Pullulanase
 -Bacterial - Amylase
 -Amylase
 -Glucose Isomerase
Process Overview
 -Corn Syrups
 -Maltodextrins
 -Dextrose
 -High-Fructose Corn Syrups
 -Liquid and Crystalline Fructose
Regulatory Definitions
Important Properties and Measurements of Corn Sweeteners
 -Carbohydrate Profile
 -Dextrose Equivalent
 -Solids
 -Viscosity
 -Sweetness
 -Color
 -Fermentability
 -Freezing Point Depression
 -Boiling Point Elevation
 -Humectancy and Hygroscopicity
 -Crystallization
 -Water Activity
Applications of Corn Sweeteners
 -Beverages
 -Confections
 -Baking
 -Ice Cream
 -Brewing


Corn Oil: Composition, Processing, and Utilization

Production and Markets
Composition and Characteristics of Corn Oil
Recovery of Crude Oil
Corn Oil Processing
 -Crude Corn Oil
 -Quality Analyses for Corn Oil
Processing Corn Oil Co-Products
 -Corn Lecithin
 -Soapstock
 -Vegetable Oil Distillate
Handling
 -Storage
 -Loadout and Shipping
 -Prevention of Oxidation
Nutrition
 -Uses and Applications
 -Margarines
 -Frying and Salad Oils
 -Other Uses
 -Corn Fiber Oil
 -Corn Bran Oil
Trends and Conclusions


Fermentation Processes and Products

Ethanol Production
 -Raw Materials
 -Processing
 -Conversion/Saccharification
 -Fermentation
 -Yeast Physiology and Metabolism
 -Yields and Efficiencies
 -Distillation
 -Feed Co-Products
 -Process Data
Lactic Acid Fermentation
Citric Acid Production
Newer Bioconversions
Economic Impact


Applications of Corn Stover and Fiber

The Corn Biomass Resource
Corn Biomass Composition
Overview of Biological Processing of Corn Biomass
Biological Processing Steps
 -Feedstock Storage and Handling
 -Biomass Pretreatment
 -Cellulase Production
 -Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose
 -Fermentation of Sugar to Ethanol
 -Fermentation of Sugar to Chemicals and Materials
 -Lignin Utilization
 -Environmental Considerations
Economics of Biological Conversion
Benefits
 -Farm Income
 -Energy Security and Trade Deficit
 -Reduction of Greenhouse Gas
 -Solid Waste Disposal
 -Air and Water Pollution
Other Uses of Corn Biomass
Summary


Genetic Modifications of Corn

Mutagenesis
 -Radiation
 -Chemical
 -Use of In-Vitro Culture
 -Transposable Elements
Production of Doubled Haploids
 -In-Vivo Production Via Genetic Methods
 -Use of In-Vitro Culture Techniques
Transformation
 -Electroporation and Polyethylene Glycol Treatment
 -Particle Bombardment
 -Whiskers-Mediated Transformation
 -Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation
 -Other Considerations of Transformation
Genetic Modification Through Biotechnology
 -Input Traits
 -Output Traits
Summary


Popcorn

History
 -Ancient
 -In the United States
The Popcorn Plant
 -Botanical Description
 -Morphological Description
The Popcorn Kernel
 -Visual Appearance
 -Types of Popcorn Flakes
 -Structure and Physical Properties
 -Composition
 -Popping
Genetic Improvement and Agronomic Production
 -Popcorn Breeding
 -Growing Popcorn
Cleaning, Conditioning, Storage, and Utilization
 -Cleaning
 -Conditioning
 -Storage
 -Popping Expansion
Marketing and Distribution
Summary


Mycotoxins in Corn-Occurrence, Impact, and Management

Toxigenic Fungi in Corn
 -Fusarium
 -Aspergillus
 -Penicillium
 -Stenocarpella
Major Mycotoxins in Corn
 -Fumonisins
 -Trichothecenes
 -Zearalenone
 -Other Fusarium Toxins
 -Aflatoxins and Other Aspergillus Toxins
 -Penicillium Toxins
Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Corn and Corn Products
 -Fumonisins
 -Trichothecenes
 -Zearalenone
 -Other Fusarium Toxins
 -Aflatoxins and Other Aspergillus Toxins
 -Mycotoxins and Corn Silage
Detection of Mycotoxins
 -Sample Selection and Preparation
Analysis of Mycotoxins
 -Extraction
 -Cleanup
 -Mycotoxin Determination
Management of Mycotoxins in Corn
 -Preharvest
 -Harvest and Drying
 -Postharvest Management
 -Detoxification
Summary

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
American Association of Cereal Chemists : Autumn 2003 : agriculture & forestry : cereals : crops : food crops : food ingredients : food science : maize : mycology : plant genetics : plant science

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