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Algae Energy - Algae as a New Source of Biodiesel

Ayhan Demirbas, Muhammet Fatih Demirbas 
Springer  2010  



Hardcover  280 pp  ISBN 9781849960496      £130.00
Algal oil can be an important source of biomass and algae€s ability to grow almost anywhere has encouraged scientists to also investigate its potential as a source of biodiesel. Algae Energy covers the production of algae culture and the usage of algal biomass conversion products. It also reviews modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including biodiesel, bio-oil, biomethane and biohydrogen.

Each chapter opens with fundamental explanations suitable for those with a general interest in algae energy and goes on to provide in-depth scientific details for more expert readers. Algae energy is discussed within the wider context of green energy, with chapters covering topics such as green energy facilities; algae technology; energy from algae; and biodiesel from algae.

Algae Energy addresses the needs of energy researchers, chemical engineers, fuel and environmental engineers, postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students, and others interested in a practical tool for pursuing their interest in bio-energy.

Contents Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Introduction , 1.2 Energy Demand and Availability, References

2 Green Energy Facilities
2.1 Introduction , 2.2 Biomass Feedstocks , 2.3 Green Energy , 2.4 Importance of Biomass , 2.5 Production of Fuels and Chemicals from Biomass, References

3 Biofuels
3.1 Introduction , 3.2 Importance of Biofuels , 3.3 Bioethanol , 3.4 Biodiesel , 3.5 Bio-oil , 3.6 Biogas , 3.7 Fischer-Tropsh Liquids fromBiorenewable Feedstocks, 3.8 Biohydrogen , 3.9 Other Liquid Biofuels , 3.9.1 Glycerol-based Fuel Oxygenates for Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel Blends , 3.9.2 P-series Fuels , 3.9.3 Dimethyl Ether, 3.9.4 Other Bio-oxygenated Liquid Fuels , References

4 Algae Technology
4.1 Introduction , 4.1.1 Definition of Algal Terms , 4.2 Production Systems , 4.2.1 HarvestingMicroalgae , 4.2.2 Photobioreactors , 4.2.3 Open-pond Systems , 4.2.4 Closed and Hybrid Systems , 4.3 Production Costs , References

5 Energy from Algae
5.1 Introduction , 5.1.1 Historical Perspective , 5.2 Biofuels , 5.2.1 Biodiesel , 5.2.2 Bioalcohol , 5.2.3 Costs, Prices, and Economic Impacts of Biofuels , 5.2.4 Environmental Impacts of Biofuels , 5.2.5 Combustion Efficiencies of Biofuels , 5.2.6 Bio-oil , 5.2.7 Biomethane , 5.2.8 Production of Bio-oil and Hydrogen by Pyrolysis , 5.2.9 Anaerobic Biohydrogen Production , 5.3 Liquefaction of Algal Cells, 5.3.1 Liquefaction of Algal Cells by Hexane Extraction , 5.4 High-value-added Products from Algae , 5.4.1 SmallMolecules , 5.4.2 Polymers , 5.4.3 High-value Oils, References

6 Biodiesel from Algae
6.1 Introduction , 6.2 Biodiesel fromAlgal Oil , 6.2.1 Production of Biodiesel from Algal Oils , 6.3 Potential ofMicroalgal Biodiesel , 6.4 Acceptability of Microalgal Biodiesel , 6.5 Economics of Biodiesel Production , 6.6 Improving Economics of Microalgal Biodiesel , 6.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Biodiesel fromAlgal Oil , References .

7 Biorefineries
7.1 Introduction, 7.2 Definitions of Biorefinery, 7.2.1 Main Technical and Nontechnical Gaps and Barriers to Biorefineries, 7.3 Historical Perspective , 7.4 PetroleumRefinery and Biorefinery , 7.5 Refining of Upgraded Products , 7.6 Opportunities for Refining Pyrolysis Products, References

8 Future Developments
8.1 Introduction , 8.1.1 World Theoretical Limit of Biomass Supply , 8.1.2 High-yield Energy Crops, 8.1.3 FoodVersus Fuel Delineation , 8.1.4 Thermodynamic Efficiency (Exergy Analysis) , 8.1.5 Biofuel Upgradation, 8.1.6 Carbon Credits , 8.2 Social and Political Issues , 8.2.1 The Promise of Algae: Energy Security, 8.3 Environmental Impacts of Biomass Production , References

Index

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