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Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Road Vehicles

Pasquale Corbo, Fortunato Migliardini, Ottorino Veneri 
Springer  2011  



Hardcover  245 pp  ISBN 9780857291356      £70.00
  • Explores the application of hydrogen fuel cell technology in the road transportation sector
  • Illustrated with numerous figures
  • Addresses the problems that can hinder a widespread hydrogen market

Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Road Vehicles addresses the main issues related to the application of hydrogen fuel cell technology in the road transportation sector. A preliminary treatment is given on fuel resources and atmospheric pollution concerns which are closely related to the current technology (internal combustion engine) used for moving people and goods.

The authors deal, in particular, with the problems that can hinder a widespread hydrogen market (production, storage and distribution), as well as giving an analysis of fuel cell technologies available for utilization of this energy carrier in the automotive field. This book also examines the concerns faced during the design and realization of a PEM fuel cell system with optimal size and efficiency, evidencing the impact of the individual auxiliary components on energy losses and dynamic stack performance. The book ends with the analysis of two practical case studies on fuel cell propulsion systems.

Contents

1 Possible Routes Towards Carbon-Free Vehicles
1.1 Mobility Demands and Primary Energy Resources , 1.2 Internal Combustion Engines and Their Impact on Air Quality , 1.3 Climate Change and Carbon-Free Fuel Chance , References

2 Hydrogen as Future Energy Carrier
2.1 Hydrogen Production , 2.1.1 Thermal Processes , 2.1.2 Electrolytic Processes , 2.1.3 Photolytic Processes, 2.2 Hydrogen Distribution , 2.3 Hydrogen Storage , 2.3.1 Hydrogen Storage in High Compressed Gas Form , 2.3.2 Hydrogen Storage in Liquid Cryogenic Form, 2.3.3 Hydrogen Storage in Solid Materials , References

3 Fuel Cells for Automotive Applications
3.1 Basic Concepts of Electrochemistry , 3.2 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells , 3.2.1 The MEA: Membrane , 3.2.2 The MEA: Electrocatalysts , 3.2.3 The MEA: GDL , 3.2.4 The Bipolar Plates , 3.3 Sensitivity of PEM Stacks to Operating Conditions , 3.3.1 The Polarization Curve, 3.3.2 Effect of Operative Parameters on the Polarization Curve , 3.4 Durability of PEM Fuel Cells , References

4 Design of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Systems for Road Vehicles
4.1 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Systems: Preliminary Remarks , 4.2 Hydrogen Feeling System , 4.3 Air Feeding System , 4.4 Thermal Management System , 4.5 Water/Humidification Management System, 4.6 Integrated Fuel Cell System: Efficiency, Dynamics, Costs , 4.6.1 FCS Efficiency , 4.6.2 FCS Dynamics , 4.6.3 FCS Costs, References

5 Electric Vehicles in Hybrid Configuration.
5.1 Electric Vehicles: Preliminary Remarks , 5.2 Electric Drives for Road Vehicles , 5.2.1 DC Electric Machines , 5.2.2 AC Electric Machines , 5.2.3 Control and Power Electronics , 5.3 Storage Electrochemical Batteries , 5.3.1 Main Operative Parameters of Batteries , 5.3.2 Main Characteristics of Different Types of Batteries , 5.4 Alternative Energy Storage Systems , 5.4.1 Flywheels , 5.4.2 Super Capacitors , 5.5 Hybrid Propulsion Systems , 5.5.1 Hybrid Thermal Electric Vehicles , 5.5.2 Solar Vehicles, 5.5.3 Vehicles Using Flywheels and Super Capacitors 5.5.4 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles , References

6 Case Study A: Fuel Cell Power Train for Mopeds
6.1 Description of the 3.5 kW Fuel Power Train , 6.2 Efficiency Calculations , 6.3 FCS Characterization: Energy Losses in Steady State Conditions, 6.4 Dynamic Performance of the FCS, 6.5 Characterization of the Overall Power Train on Driving Cycles , 6.5.1 Analysis of the FCS Dynamic Behavior on Driving Cycles , 6.5.2 Analysis of the Overall Propulsion System on Driving Cycles , References

7 Case Study B: Fuel Cell Power Train for Cars
7.1 Description of the 30 kW Fuel Power Train , 7.2 FCS Characterization: Effect of Operative Parameters , 7.3 Analysis of the Dynamic Behavior of the FCS , 7.3.1 Performance of the FCS During Load Variations, 7.3.2 Behavior of the FCS During Warm-up, 7.4 Effect of Different Air Management Strategies , 7.5 Fuel Cell Power Train Tested on the R40 Driving Cycle, References , Index Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Road Vehicles is a useful text for researchers, professionals and advanced students in the fields of automotive and environmental engineering.
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