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Environmental assessment and management in the food industry: Life cycle assessment and related approaches

Edited by U Sonesson, J Berlin and F Ziegler 
Woodhead Publishing  September 2010  



Hardback  432 pp  ISBN 9781845695521      £155.00
  • reviews the advantages, challenges and different applications of LCA and related methods for environmental assessment
  • discusses the environmental impact of food production and processing, addressing issues such as nutrient management and water efficiency in agriculture
  • examines environmental management in the food industry, including contributions on training, eco-labelling and establishing management systems

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of production and processing in the food industry is an important tool for improving sustainability. Environmental assessment and management in the food industry reviews the advantages, challenges and different applications of LCA and related methods for environmental assessment, as well as key aspects of environmental management in this industry sector.

Part one discusses the environmental impact of food production and processing, addressing issues such as nutrient management and water efficiency in agriculture. Chapters in Part two cover LCA methodology and challenges, with chapters focusing on different food industry sectors such as crop production, livestock and aquaculture. Part three addresses the applications of LCA and related approaches in the food industry, with chapters covering combining LCA with economic tools, ecodesign of food products and footprinting methods of assessment, among other topics. The final part of the book concentrates on environmental management in the food industry, including contributions on training, eco-labelling and establishing management systems.

With its international team of editors and contributors, Environmental assessment and management in the food industry is an essential reference for anyone involved in environmental management in the food industry, and for those with an academic interest in sustainable food production.

Contents

PART 1 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING

Improving nutrient management in agriculture to reduce eutrophication, acidification and climate change C Cederberg, SIK - the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Sweden, Sweden -
Introduction - Eutrophication and acidification - Climate change - Mismanagement of nutrients - Future trends - References

Increasing the efficiency of water use in crop production P S Bindraban, R E E Jongschaap and H van Keulen, Agrosystems Research, The Netherlands -
Introduction - Water scarcity - the global dimension - Future demand for water and food - Improving water use efficiency in agriculture - Future trends and options to increase water use efficiency - Conclusions - References

PART 2 LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of food production and processing: an
Introduction S J McLaren, Massey University, New Zealand -
Introduction - History of life cycle assessment (LCA) - LCA as a decision-support tool - Application of LCA to food systems - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Methodology for life cycle assessment A-M Tillman, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden -
Introduction - Application of LCA - LCA methodology in short - Critical methodology choices - Examples of different applications' demands on methodology - More recent trends in LCA - Sources of further information and advice - References

Challenges relating to data and system delimitation in life-cycle assessments of food products J H Schmidt, Aalborg University, Denmark -
Introduction - System delimitation in agricultural life cycle assessments (LCAs) - System delimitation in electricity LCAs - System delimitation and by-products in food LCAs - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Challenges in assessing the environmental impacts of crop production and horticulture T Nemecek and G Gaillard, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station ART, Switzerland -
Introduction - Main challenges: (a) defining agricultural systems - Main challenges: (b) understanding agricultural systems - Implications and recommendations - Future trends - References

Complexities in assessing the environmental impacts of livestock products T L T Nguyen, L Mogensen and J E Hermansen, Aarhus University and N Halberg, International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems (ICROFS), Denmark -
Introduction - Complexities in assessing the environmental impacts of livestock systems - Inventory analysis - Impact assessment - Future trends - References

Challenges in assessing the environmental impacts of aquaculture and fisheries F Ziegler, SIK - the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Sweden , Sweden -
Introduction - Overview of the biological impacts of fishing - Overview of the biological impacts of aquaculture - Energy use and carbon footprint of seafood supply chains - Eco-labeling of seafood - Conclusions and future trends - Acknowledgement - References

PART 3 CURRENT AND FUTURE APPLICATIONS OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND RELATED APPROACHES

Towards sustainable industrial food production using life cycle assessment approaches U Sonesson and J Berlin, Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology (SIK), Sweden and A Hospido, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain -
Introduction - Case studies - Methodological approach: proposal of a framework - Discussion - Conclusions - References

Addressing land use and ecotoxicological impacts in life-cycle assessments of food production technologies A M De Schryver, R van Zelm and M A J Huijbregts, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands and M Goedkoop, PRé Consultants b.v., The Netherlands
Introduction. Life-cycle impact methods for land occupation and transformation. Life-cycle impact methods for ecotoxicity. Future trends. Conclusions. Sources of further information and advices. References

Combining life-cycle assessment of food products with economic tools E Settanni, B Notarnicola and G Tassielli, University of Bari, Italy
Introduction. Methods of combining life cycle assessment (LCA) of food products with economics tools. Discussion and conclusion. References

Inclusion of social aspects in life cycle assessment of food S A Kruse, Ecotrust, USA
Introduction. Including social aspects in life cycle assessment (LCA) of food. Methods of including social aspects in LCA of food. Applications. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References

Ecodesign of food products M Thrane, Aalborg University and A Flysjö, Arla Foods, Denmark
Introduction. What is ecodesign? The spiderweb approach. Perspectives. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References

. Footprinting methods for assessment of the environmental impacts of food production and processing R Lillywhite, University of Warwick, UK -
Introduction - Footprinting, comparison and contrast to life cycle assessment (LCA) - An
Introduction to ecological footprinting - Water footprinting - Carbon footprinting - Environmental footprinting - Nitrogen footprinting - Non-environmental footprinting - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Carbon footprinting and carbon labelling of food products K Plassmann and G Edwards-Jones, Bangor University, UK -
Introduction - Principles of carbon analysis and carbon labelling of food products - Examples of some food products - Difficulties and uncertainties in calculating carbon footprints - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Sustainability indicators for the food supply chain N Yakovleva, Cardiff University, UK, J Sarkis, Clark University and T W Sloan, University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA -
Introduction - Sustainability indicators and sustainability benchmarking in the supply chain - Sustainability indicators for the food supply chain - Application of analytical network process (ANP) to sustainability scores - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

PART 4 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

Establishing an environmental management system in the food industry C Foster, EuGeos Limited, UK -
Introduction - Drivers for and benefits of implementing environmental management systems (EMS) in the food industry - Food industry context - Implementing an EMS - Auditing environmental management systems - Success factors - Conclusions - Sources of further information and advice - References

Environmental training for the food industry B P Weidema, 2.-0 LCA consultants, Denmark -
Introduction - The value and nature of environmental training - Training needs and improving environmental understanding throughout the organisation - The concept of the learning organisation: thinking in systems - Barriers to effective training - Learning in the supply chain - The external training situation: shared vision and the 'learning lab' - On-the-job training - Internet-based training - Maintaining a learning organisation - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Eco-labelling of agricultural food products H A Udo de Haes and G R de Snoo, Leiden University, The Netherlands -
Introduction - Main approaches - Comparison - Effectiveness - Future trends - Conclusions - References

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