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Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging

Edited by J M Lagarón 
Woodhead Publishing  May 2011  



Hardback  736 pp  ISBN 9781845697389      £175.00
  • provides a comprehensive review of novel polymers and polymer nanocomposites for use in food packaging
  • discusses nanofillers for plastics in food packaging including the use of passive and active nanoclays and hidrotalcites and electrospun nanofibers
  • investigates high barrier plastics for food packaging assessing recent advances in various plastic packaging technologies such as modified atmosphere packaging (MAP)
  • reviews active, bioactive and intelligent plastics in food packaging investigating silver-based antimicrobial polymers and the usee of antimicrobial/antioxidant natural extracts

Recent developments in multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers have provided the opportunity to produce high barrier, active and intelligent food packaging which can help ensure, or even enhance, the quality and safety of packaged foods. Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging provides a comprehensive review of novel polymers and polymer nanocomposites for use in food packaging.

After an introductory chapter, Part one discusses nanofillers for plastics in food packaging. Chapters explore the use of passive and active nanoclays and hidrotalcites, cellulose nanofillers and electrospun nanofibers and nanocapsules. Part two investigates high barrier plastics for food packaging. Chapters assess the transport and high barrier properties of food packaging polymers such as ethylene-norbornene copolymers and advanced single-site polyolefins, nylon-MXD6 resins and ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymers before going on to explore recent advances in various plastic packaging technologies such as modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), nanoscale inorganic coatings and functional barriers against migration. Part three reviews active, bioactive and intelligent plastics in food packaging. Chapters investigate silver-based antimicrobial polymers, the incorporation of antimicrobial/antioxidant natural extracts into polymeric films, and biaoctive food packaging strategies. Part four examines nanotechnology in sustainable plastics with chapters examining the food packaging applications of polylactic acid (PLA) nanocomposites, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), starch-based polymers, chitosan and carragenan polysaccharides and protein-based resins for packaging gluten (WG)-based materials. The final chapter presents the safety and regulatory aspects of plastics as food packaging materials.

Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging proves a valuable resource for researchers in packaging in the food industry and polymer scientists interested in multifunctional and nanoreinforced materials.

Contents

Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging J-M Lagarón, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Structural factors governing barrier properties - Novel polymers and blends - Nanocomposites - Future trends - References - Appendix: Abbreviations

PART 1 NANOFILLERS FOR PLASTICS IN FOOD PACKAGING

Multifunctional nanoclays for food contact applications J-M Lagarón, and M-A Busolo,Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Antimicrobial nanoclays - Oxygen-scavenging nanoclays - Future trends - References

Hydrotalcites in nanobiocomposites U Costantino and M Nocchetti, University of Perugia and G Gorrasi and L Tammaro, University of Salerno, Italy -
Introduction - Hydrotalcite-like compounds: basic chemistry (HTlc) - Organically modified biocompatible (HTlc) - Nanocomposites of biodegradable polymeric matrices and modified hydrotalcites - Conclusions and future trends - References

Cellulose nanofillers for food packaging R T Olsson, L Fogelström, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, M Martínez-Sanz, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain and M Henriksson, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden and SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Sweden -
Introduction - Morphological and structural characteristics of cellulose nanofillers - Extraction and refining of cellulose nanofillers - Mechanical properties of cellulose nanofillers - Surface modification of cellulose nanofillers - Preparation of cellulose reinforced nanocomposites - Future trends and applications of cellulose nanofillers - References

Electrospun nanofibers for food packaging applications S Torres-Giner, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain
- Electrospinning - Functional nanofibers - Nanoencapsulation - Electrospinning in packaging applications - Future trends - References

PART 2 HIGH BARRIER PLASTICS FOR FOOD PACKAGING

Mass transport and high barrier properties of food packaging polymers F Nilsson and M S Hedenqvist, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden -
Introduction: the basics of mass transport - Diffusivity - Solubility - What makes a barrier a barrier? - Characterisation techniques - References

Ethylene-norbornene copolymers and advanced single-site polyolefins T J Dunn, Printpack Inc, USA -
Introduction - Synthesis and molecular structure: advanced single-site polyolefins - Macromolecular structure: advanced single-site polyolefins - Macromolecular structure: ethylene-norbornene copolymers - Nanocomposite preparation: advanced single-site polyolefins - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Advances in polymeric materials for modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) T K Goswami, Indian Institute of Technology, India; S. Mangaraj, CIAE, India -
Introduction - Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) - Physiological factors affecting shelf life of fresh produce - Postharvest pathology of fruit and vegetables - Response of fresh produce to modified atmosphere packaging - Polymeric film in application for (MAP) - Cellulose-based plastics - Biodegradable polymers - Multilayer plastic films - Gas permeation or gas transmission - Water vapor permeability - Packaging system in MAP - Advanced technology for efficient MAP packaging - Package management - Design of modified atmosphere packaging - Mathematical modeling of gaseous exchange in MAP system - Current application of polymeric films for MAP of fruits and vegetables - Future trends - References

Nylon-MXD6 resins for food packaging A Ammala, CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Australia
- Structure and general overview - Processing - Gas barrier properties - Other properties - Applications - Nylon-MXD6 nanocomposites - Future trends - References

Ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymers A López-Rubio, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Structure and general properties of ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) copolymers - Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) versus. Aliphatic polyketones - Processing in packaging - Improving retorting of ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) - Nanocomposites of ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) and poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVOH) - Future trends - References

High barrier plastics using nanoscale inorganic films V Teixeira, J Carneiro, P Carvalho, E Silva, S Azevedo and C Batista, University of Minho, Portugal -
Introduction - Nanotechnologies thin films for advanced food packaging - Thin films technologies for polymer coating using vacuum processes - Physical vapour deposition (PVD) processes - Inorganic thin film systems - Functional properties of diffusion barrier coated polymers - Future trends - References

Functional barriers against migration for food packaging C Johansson, Karlstad University, Sweden -
Introduction - Food safety issues related to migration - Functional barriers - Nanostrategies for functional barriers - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

PART 3 ACTIVE, BIOACTIVE AND INTELLIGENT PLASTICS Silver-based antimicrobial polymers for food packaging A Martínez-Abad, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Incorporation of silver into coatings and polymer matrices - Antimicrobial silver in food packaging - References

Incorporation of chemical antimicrobial agents into polymeric films for food packaging B Raj, R S Matche and R S Jagadish, Central Food Technological Research Institute, India -
Introduction - Antimicrobial agents - Chemical antimicrobial - Natural antimicrobial agents - Polymers (synthetic or natural) - Nano antimicrobial agents - Antimicrobial films and coatings - Antimicrobial activity - Future perspective - References

Natural extracts in plastic food packaging P Suppakul, Kasetsart University, Thailand -
Introduction - Natural plant extracts as antimicrobials and antioxidants - Designing active plastic packaging systems from natural plant extracts - Packaging films based on natural extracts - Factors to consider in designing active systems - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Biaoctive food packaging strategies A López-Rubio, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Definition and technologies - Nanotechnologies - Control release of bioactives - Future trends - References

PART 4 NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE PLASTICS FOR FOOD PACKAGING

Polylactic acid (PLA) nanocomposites for food packaging applications J-M Lagaron, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction and properties of polyactic acid (PLA) - Nanocomposites of polyactic acid (PLA) for monolayer packaging - Future trends - References

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) for food packaging D Plackett and I Siró, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark -
Introduction - Commercial developments - Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) nanocomposite films - Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) foams and paper coatings - Conclusions - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Starch based polymers for food packaging R M González and M P Villanueva, Technological Institute of Plastic (AIMPLAS), Spain -
Introduction - Market of starch-based materials and potential applications - Structure and properties of native and plasticized starch - Processing in packaging - Mechanical and barrier performance of starch-based systems - Nanocomposites - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Chitosan polysaccharide in food packaging applications P Fernandez-Saiz, Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Structure and properties - Processing in packaging - Antimicrobial chitosan - Barrier performance - Nanocomposites - Future trends - References

Carragenan polysaccharides for food packaging M D Sanchez-Garcia Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, IATA-CSIC, Spain -
Introduction - Structure and properties of carrageenan - Processing in packaging - Barrier performance - Nanocomposites - References

Protein-based resins for packaging A A Vicente, M A Cerqueira and L Hilliou, University of Minho, Portugal and C Rocha, University of Porto, Portugal - Materials (sources, extractin, structure and properties) - Structure and properties - Materials processing - Packaging materials characterization (barrier performance, mechanical properties) - Applications - Future trends - References

Wheat gluten (WG)-based materials for food packaging H Angellier-Coussy, V Guillard, C Guillaume and N Gontard, University of Montpellier II, France -
Introduction - Preparation of wheat gluten-based materials - Mechanical and barrier properties of wheat gluten based materials - Wheat gluten-based nanocomposites - Example of integrated approach for the packaging of fresh fruits and vegetables - Future trends - References

Safety and regulatory aspects of plastics as food packaging materials B Raj and R S Matche, Central Food Technological Research Institute, India -
Introduction - Indirect food additives - Nanotechnology in food contact materials - Migration of additives - Indian standards for overall migration (IS: 9845-1998) - US-food and drug administration (USFDA), code of federal regulations (CFR) - European commission directives on plastic containers for foods - Specific migration of toxic additives - Recent problems in specific migration - Future trends - References - Appendix: abbreviations

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