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Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change

Edited by Zoltán Tuba, Nancy G. Slack, Lloyd R. Stark 
CUP  January 2011  



Paperback  528 pp  ISBN 9780521757775      £35.00


Hardback  523 pp  ISBN 9780521767637      £85.00
Bryophytes, especially mosses, represent a largely untapped resource for monitoring and indicating effects of climate change on the living environment. They are tied very closely to the external environment and have been likened to 'canaries in the coal mine'. Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change is the first book to bring together a diverse array of research in bryophyte ecology, including physiology, desiccation tolerance, photosynthesis, temperature and UV responses, under the umbrella of climate change.

It covers a great variety of ecosystems in which bryophytes are important, including aquatic, desert, tropical, boreal, alpine, Antarctic, and Sphagnum-dominated wetlands, and considers the effects of climate change on the distribution of common and rare species as well as the computer modeling of future changes. This book should be of particular value to individuals, libraries, and research institutions interested in global climate change.

Contents

List of contributors
Preface

Part I. Introductory Chapters:

  • The ecological value of bryophytes as indicators of climate change Nancy G. Slack
  • Bryophyte physiological processes in a changing climate: an overview Zoltán Tuba

Part II. Ecophysiology:

  • Climatic responses and limits of bryophytes: comparisons and contrasts with vascular plants Michael C. F. Proctor
  • Effects of elevated air CO2 on bryophytes: a review Zoltán Tuba, Edit Ötvös and Ildikó Jócsák
  • Seasonal and interannual variability of light and UV acclimation in mosses Niina M. Lappalainen, Anna Hyyryläinen and Satu Huttunen

Part III. Aquatic Bryophytes:

  • Ecological and physiological effects of changing climate on aquatic bryophytes Janice Glime
  • Aquatic bryophytes under ultraviolet radiation Javier Martinez-Abaigar and Encarnación Núńez-Oliver

Part IV. Desert and Tropical Ecosystems:

  • Responses of a biological crust moss to increased monsoon precipitation and nitrogen deposition in the Mojave desert Lloyd R. Stark, D. Nicholas McLetchie, Stanley D. Smith and Melvin J. Oliver
  • Ecology of bryophytes in Mojave desert biological soil crusts: effects of elevated CO2 on sex expression, stress tolerance, and productivity in the moss Syntrichia caninervis Mitt. John C. Brinda, Catherine Fernando and Lloyd R. Stark
  • Responses of epiphytic bryophyte communities to simulated climate change in the tropics Jorge Jácome, S. Robbert Gradstein and Michael Kessler

Part V. Alpine, Arctic, and Antarctic Ecosystems:

  • Effects of climate change on tundra bryophytes Annika K. Jägerbrand, Robert G. Björk, Terry Callaghan and Rod Seppelt
  • Alpine bryophytes as indicators for climate change: a case study from the Austrian Alps Daniela Hohenwallner, Harold G. Zechmeister, Dietmar Moserm, Harald Pauli, Michael Gottfried, Karl Reiter and Georg Grabherr
  • Bryophytes and lichens in a changing climate: an Antarctic perspective Rod D. Seppelt

Part VI. Sphagnum and Peatlands:

  • Living on the edge: the effects of drought on Canada's western boreal peatlands Melanie Vile, Kimberli D. Scott, Erin Brault, R. Kellman Wieder and Dale H. Vitt
  • The structure and functional features of sphagnum cover of the northern west Siberian mires in connection with forecasting global environmental and climatic changes Aleksei V. Naumov and Natalia P. Kosykh
  • The southernmost sphagnum-dominated mires on the plains of Europe: formation, secondary succession, degradation and protection Janos Nagy

Part VII. Changes in Bryophyte Distribution with Climate Change: Data and Models:

  • The role of bryophyte paleoecology in quaternary climate reconstructions Gusztáv Jakab and Pál Sümegi
  • Signs of climate change in the bryoflora of Hungary Tamás Pócs
  • Can the effects of climate change on British bryophytes be distinguished from those resulting from other environmental changes? Jeffrey W. Bates and Christopher D. Preston
  • Climate change and protected areas: how well do our rare bryophytes fare? Barbara J. Anderson and Ralf Ohlemuller
  • Modeling the distribution of Sematophyllum substrumulosum (Hampe) E. Britton as a signal of climatic changes in Europe Cecília Sérgio, Rui Figueira and Rui Menezes
  • Modelling bryophyte productivity across gradients of water availability using canopy form-function relationships Steven Rice, Nathali Neal, Jesse Mango and Kelly Black

Part VIII. Conclusions:

  • Bryophytes as predictors of greenhouse gas enrichment and current climate change L. Dennis Gignac
  • Conclusions Nancy G. Slack and Lloyd R. Stark

Index.

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