Long-Term Ecological Research
Edited by Müller, F.; Baessler, C.; Schubert, H.; Klotz, S.
Ecosystems change on a multitude of spatial and temporal scales. While analyses of ecosystem dynamics in
short timespans have received much attention, the impacts of changes in the long term have, to a great extent,
been neglected, provoking a lack of information and methodological know-how in this area.
Hardcover 456 pp ISBN 9789048187812
This book fills this gap by focusing on studies dealing with the investigation of complex, long-term ecological
processes with regard to global change, the development of early warning systems, and the acquisition of a
scientific basis for strategic conservation management and the sustainable use of ecosystems.
Theoretical ecological questions of long-term processes, as well as an international dimension of long-term monitoring,
observations and research are brought together. The outcome is an overview on different aspects of long-term
Concepts and results of case studies in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are discussed. The different
time dimensions, as well as scales from the community and ecosystems up to the landscape scale are included.
Finally, research is linked with application in different fields of ecology, and urgent future infrastructural,
methodological and research demands and challenges are described.
This book will be of interest not only to ecologists, conservation biologists, biodiversity scientists and
environmentalists, but also to administrators of protected areas and natural resource managers.
List of Contributors.
Part I: Introduction:-Long-Term Ecosystem Research between Theory and Application - An Introduction
Part II: The Significance of Ecological Long-Term Processes.-Theoretical demands for Long-term
ecosystem dynamics: Theoretical concepts of environmental changes for long-term ecological research
and the management of long-term datasets.-The scientific potentials of environmental monitoring.
Part III: Exploring Long-Term Processes: International Experience.-Twenty-eight years of the
US-LTER Program: Experience, results, and research questions.-Introducing the next generation of
ecosystem research in Europe: LTER-Europe's multifunctional and multiscale approach.-
The role of ecosystem modelling for long-term ecological research.-The role
of statistics for long-term ecological research.-The role of remote sensing in LTER projects.
Part IV: Concepts and Results: Presenting and Interpreting Long-Term Ecological Processes.
Section IV.1 Aquatic Ecosystem Research.-Long-term ecological change in the Northern Wadden
Sea.-Long-term model simulation of environmental conditions to identify externally forced signals
in biological time series.-Long-term investigations in brackish ecosystems.-Long-term
ecological research in freshwater ecosystems.-Long-term monitoring in rivers of south Germany since the 1970s -
macrophytes as indicators for the assessment of water quality and its implication for the conservation of rivers .
Section IV.2 Terrestrial Ecosystem Research.-Long-term observations of soil mesofauna.-Tracing
biogeochemical processes in small catchments using non-linear methods.-Long-term measurements to
quantify the impact of arable management practices on deep seepage and nitrate leaching.-
Long-term ecosystem research in a beech forest of Northern Germany.-A conceptual framework
for integrated functional landscape monitoring in the wider countryside of Central Europe.-
Temporal changes and spatial determinants of plant species diversity and genetic variation.-
Integration of long-term environmental data by the example of the UNECE heavy metals in mosses survey
in Germany: Application of a WebGIS-based metadata system.
Section IV.3 Linking Research and Applications.-Monitoring of ecosystems: Two different approaches
- long-term observation versus success control.-National Parks as model regions for inderdisciplinary
long term ecological research: The Bavarian Forest and Sumavá National Parks underway to
transboundary ecosystem research.-Turning long-term monitoring into policy -
using the National park Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea as an example.-Design
and importance of multi-tiered ecological monitoring networks
Part V: Future Demands and Challenges
.-Conceptualising Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research (LTSER): Integrating the social dimension.-Integrating
social sciences into long-term ecological research.-Ecosystem manipulation and restoration on the basis of
long-term conceptions.-Exploratories for large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research
Part VI: Conclusions.-On the Way to an Integrative Long-Term Ecosystem Research -
Milestones, Challenges and some Conclusions.
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