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Biorefineries - For Biomass Upgrading Facilities

Ayhan Demirbas 
Springer  2010  



Hardcover  240 pp  ISBN 9781848827202      £130.00
One of the series Green Energy and Technology

Climate change, environmental impact and declining natural resources are driving scientific research and novel technical solutions. Green Energy and Technology serves as a publishing platform for scientific and technological approaches to "green" - i.e., environmentally friendly and sustainable - technologies. While the main focus lies on energy and power supply, the series also covers green solutions in industrial engineering and engineering design. Green Energy and Technology is a monograph series addressing researchers, advanced students and technical consultants, as well as decision makers in industry and politics. The level presentation ranges from instructional to highly technical.

Industrial biorefineries have been identified as the most promising routes to the creation of a bio-based economy. Partial biorefineries already exist in some energy crop, forest-based, and lignocellulosic product facilities. Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities examines the variety of different technologies which integrated bio-based industries use to produce chemicals; biofuels; food and feed ingredients; biomaterials; and power from biomass raw materials. These systems can be improved through better utilization of agricultural residues and solid wastes, and through the optimization of total value-added products.

Conversion technologies are also covered, since biomass can be converted into useful biofuels and biochemicals via biomass upgrading and biorefinery technologies. Upgrading processes discussed in this book include fractionation, liquefaction, pyrolysis, hydrolysis, fermentation, and gasification.

Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilitieswill prove a practical resource for chemical engineers, and fuel and environmental engineers. It will also be invaluable in academic fields, providing useful information for both researchers and students.

Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Short Supply of Petroleum 1.3 Coal, Coal Liquefaction, and Refining 1.4 Natural Gas 1.5 Oil Shale and Tar Sands 1.6 Natural Bitumen and Extra-Heavy Oil 1.7 Introduction to Renewable and Biorenewable Sources References

2 Fuels from Biomass 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The Chemistry of Biomass 2.3 Biomass Conversion Processes 2.4 Chemicals from Biomass 2.5 Biofuels from Biomass 2.6 Barriers to the Development of Biofuels References

3.1 Introduction 3.2 Definitions of Biorefinery 3.3 The History of Biorefinery 3.4 Petroleum Refinery and Biorefinery References

4 Transportation Fuels 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Gasoline or Petrol 4.3 Diesel Fuel 4.4 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 4.5 Compressed Natural Gas . 4.6 Hydrogen 4.7 Biorenewable Liquid Fuels 4.8 Biorenewable Gaseous Fuels References

5 Biomass Fractionation and Valorization 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Biomass Fractionation and Valorization Facilities 5.3 Physical Valorization Facilities of Biomass 5.4 Chemical Valorization Facilities of Biomass 5.5 Reuse of Wood Wastes for Energy Generation 5.6 Biochemical Valorization Facilities of Biomass References

6 Thermochemical Processes 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Combustion of Biomass 6.3 Liquefaction Process 6.4 Pyrolysis Process 6.5 Gasification Process References

7 Biochemical Processes 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Biochemical Conversion Facilities 7.3 Production of Fuels 7.4 Production of Chemicals . 7.5 Upgrading of Biochemical Conversion Products 7.6 Refining of Biochemical Conversion Products References

8 Biorefining Economy 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Costs, Prices, and Economic Impacts of Biofuels References

9 Political Impacts of Biorefinery 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Political Impacts References

10 Environmental Impacts of Biorefineries 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Environmental Impacts References Index

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