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Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands

Ayhan Demirbas 
Springer  2009  



Hardcover  275 pp  ISBN 9781848825109      £162.00
One of the series Green Energy and Technology

Climate change, environmental impact and declining natural resources are driving scientific research and novel technical solutions. Green Energy and Technology serves as a publishing platform for scientific and technological approaches to "green" - i.e., environmentally friendly and sustainable - technologies. While the main focus lies on energy and power supply, the series also covers green solutions in industrial engineering and engineering design. Green Energy and Technology is a monograph series addressing researchers, advanced students and technical consultants, as well as decision makers in industry and politics. The level presentation ranges from instructional to highly technical.

The modern world is facing three critical problems: high fuel prices, climate change, and air pollution. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced using technologies for thermochemically and biologically converting biomass. Hydrogen fuel production technologies can make use of either non-renewable sources, or renewable sources such as wind, solar, and biorenewable resources.

Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands reviews all of the modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and fuel cells. The book also discusses issues of biohydrogen economy, policy and environmental impact. The author suggests that biohydrogen looks set to be the fuel of choice in the future, replacing both fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.

Contents

1 Introduction 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Conventional Fossil Fuel Sources 1.3 Unconventional Fossil Fuel Sources 1.4 Renewable Energy Sources 1.5 Nuclear Fuel Sources Summary References

2 Fuels from Biomass 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Biomass Feedstocks 2.3 The Chemistry of Biomass 2.4 Production of Fuels from Wood Sources 2.5 Production of Fuels from Crops Summary References

3 Biofuels 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Bioethanol 3.3 Other Bioalcohols 3.4 Biorefinery . 3.5 Biodiesel 3.6 Biogas 3.7 Landfill Gas 3.8 Fischer-Tropsch Liquids from Biorenewable Feedstocks Summary References

4 Transportation Fuels 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 4.3 Compressed Natural Gas 4.4 Hydrogen 4.5 Electricity 4.6 Solar 4.7 Biorenewable Liquid Fuels Summary . References

5 Hydrogen 5.1 Introduction 5.2 History 5.3 Properties of Hydrogen 5.4 Fuel Properties of Hydrogen 5.5 Hydrogen Production Processes 5.6 Storage of Hydrogen 5.7 Hydrogen Storage Materials 5.8 Hydrogen Fuel for Internal Combustion Engine 5.9 Liquefaction and Compression of Hydrogen Summary References

6 Biohydrogen 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Definition 6.3 History 6.4 Hydrogen from Biorenewables via Biological Processes Summary References

7 Fuel Cells 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Fundamentals of a Fuel Cell 7.3 Different Types of Fuel Cells 7.4 Catalysts Used in Fuel Cells 7.5 Use of Alternative Fuel in Fuel Cells Summary References

8 The Hydrogen Economy 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Cost of Hydrogen Summary References

9 Hydrogen Policy 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Political, Environmental, and Economical Impacts of Hydrogen 9.3 Global Biofuel Projections Summary . References

10 Environmental Impacts of Hydrogen 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Environmental Impacts of Hydrogen Summary References Subject Index

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Springer : biofuels : bioproducts : engines : fuels : hydrogen : renewable energy

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