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Biofuels - Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs

Edited by A Demirbas 
Springer  2009  



Hard cover  336 pp  ISBN 9781848820104      £108.00
This title is one of the series "Green Energy and Technology".

Biofuel is a renewable energy source produced from natural (biobased) materials, which can be used as a substitute for petroleum fuels. The benefits of biofuels over traditional fuels include greater energy security, reduced environmental impact, foreign exchange savings, and socioeconomic issues related to the rural sector. Furthermore, biofuel technology is relevant to both developing and industrialized countries. For these reasons, the share of biofuels in the automotive fuel market is expected to grow rapidly over the next decade.

The most common biofuels, such as ethanol from corn, wheat or sugar beet and biodiesel from oil seeds, are produced from classic food crops that require high-quality agricultural land for growth. However, bioethanol is a petrol additive/substitute that can be produced from plentiful, domestic, cellulosic biomass resources such as herbaceous and woody plants, agricultural and forestry residues, and a large portion of municipal and industrial solid waste streams. Production of bioethanol from biomass is one way to reduce both the consumption of crude oil and environmental pollution. There is also a growing interest in the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel, which is less polluting than conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

Biofuels: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs discusses options for the production of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wood, straw and even household waste). The book is an important text for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in energy engineering, as well as professional fuel engineers.

Contents

Introduction 1.1 Introduction to Energy Sources 1.2 Short Supply of Fossil Fuels 1.3 Introduction to Renewable and Biorenewable Sources

2 Biomass Feedstocks 2.1 Introduction to Biomass Feedstocks 2.2 Biomass Characterization 2.3 Biomass Fuel Analyses 2.4 Biomass Optimization and Valorization

3 Biofuels 3.1 Introduction to Biofuels

4 Biorenewable Liquid Fuels 4.1 Introduction to Biorenewable Liquid Fuels 4.2 Bioalcohols 4.3 Bioethanol 4.4 Biomethanol 4.5 Vegetable Oils 4.6 Biodiesel 4.7 Bio-oils from Biorenewables 4.8 Other Alternate Liquid Fuels

5 Biorenewable Gaseous Fuels 5.1 Introduction to Biorenewable Gaseous Fuels 5.2 Biogas 5.3 Landfill Gas 5.4 Crude Gases from Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass 5.5 Biohydrogen from Biorenewable Feedstocks

6 Thermochemical Conversion Processes 6.1 Introduction to Thermochemical Conversion Processes 6.2 Thermal Decomposition Mechanisms of Biorenewables 6.3 Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biorenewable Feedstocks 6.4 Direct Combustion of Biomass 6.5 Direct Liquefaction 6.6 Pyrolysis Processes 6.7 Gasification Research and Development

7 Biofuel Economy 7.1 Introduction to Biofuel Economy 7.2 Biofuel Economy

8 Biofuel Policy 8.1 Introduction to Biofuel Policy 8.2 Biofuel Policy 8.3 Global Biofuel Projections

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Springer : bio-oil : biodiesel : bioenergy : biomass : bioproducts : combustion : ethanol : gasification : pyrolysis : renewable energy : sustainable development

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