Manual of Leaf Architecture
Edited by B Ellis, L J Hickey, K R Johnson, J D Mitchell, P Wilf and S Wing
This is an essential reference for describing, measuring and classifying the foliage of flowering plants.
The presented system provides long-needed guidelines for characterizing the organization, shape, venation,
and surface features of angiosperm leaves. In contrast to systems focusing on reproductive characters for identification,
the emphasis is on macroscopic features of the leaf blade including leaf characters, venation, and tooth characters.
Paperback 220 pp ISBN 9781845935856
Hardback 220 pp ISBN 9781845935849
The advantage of this system is that it allows for the classification of plants independently of their flowers, which
is especially useful for fossil leaves (usually found in isolation) and tropical plants (whose flowering cycles are brief
and irregular, and whose fruits and flowers may be difficult to access). An illustrated terminology including detailed
definitions and annotated illustrations is the focus of the classification system, the aim of which is to provide
a framework with comparative examples to allow both modern and fossil leaves to be described and classified
Published in association with the New York Botanical Garden.
Readership: Plant scientists, including paleobotanists, systematists and ecologists.
Appendix A: Summary of Characters and Character States
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Appendix B: Examples of Scored Leaves
Appendix C: Vouchers
Appendix D: Instructions for Clearing Leaves
: plant science