Handbook of textile fibre structure: Fundamentals and manufactured polymer fibres (Volume 1)

Edited by S Eichhorn, J W S Hearle, M Jaffe, and T Kikutani 
Woodhead  October 2009  

Hardcover  524 pp  ISBN 9781845693800      £170.00
  • the first title of a authoritative two-volume collection that provides a comprehensive review of the structure of a range of textile fibres
  • Provides an overview of the development of fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres
  • examines the structure of both traditional and new fibres and natural and manufactured fibres
  • discusses fibre formation during processing and how this affects fibre structure

Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres.

Volume 1 begins with an introductory set of chapters on fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres. The second part of the book covers the structure of manufactured polymer fibres such as polyester, polyamides, polyolefin, elastomeric and aramid fibres as well as high-modulus, high-tenacity polymer fibres. Chapters discuss fibre formation during processing and how this affects fibre structure and mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews natural, regenerated, inorganic and specialist fibres.

Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure will be an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia.



  • Fibre structure: its formation and relation to performance J W S Hearle, University of Manchester, UK
    - Introduction - Formation of fibres - Development of ideas of fibre structure - Structure and performance - Conclusion - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References
  • Spectroscopic characterisation of polymer fibres S J Eichhorn, University of Manchester, UK
    - Introduction - Historical perspectives on spectroscopic characterisation of polymers - Infrared spectroscopy of polymers - Raman spectroscopy of polymers - Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of polymers - Discussion and conclusions - References
  • X-ray analysis of partial crystalline fibre structure P Zugenmaier, Clausthal University of Technology, Germany
    - Introduction - Diffraction - Theoretical considerations - Data reduction - Structure determination - Crystallinity and disorder - Reflection profile, crystallite size and disorder - Preferred orientation - Conclusions - References
  • Analysis of textile fibres using microscopy L A Donaldson, Cellwall Biotechnology Centre, New Zealand
    - Introduction - Optical microscopy - Electron microscopy - Infrared techniques (FTIR and Raman) - Scanning probe microscopy - X-ray tomography and other techniques - Identification of natural and artificial fibres by microscopy - Future trends - References


  • Structure development in synthetic fibre production T Kikutani, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
    - Introduction - Basic concept of fiber structure and its formation in fiber processing - Fundamental mechanism of structure development - Analyses of structure development behavior in fiber processing - Conclusions and future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References
  • The structure of polyester fibres A J East, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA
    - Introduction - The main types of polyester - Chemistry of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) - Chemistry of poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) - Chemistry of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT or PPT) - Chemistry of polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), polyethylene naphthalate - Chemistry of Aliphatic polyesters - Chemistry of Disposable fibres - Melt-spinning polyester fibres and associated fiber processing - Effect of fiber structure on properties - Conclusions - Sources of further information and advice - References
  • Polyamide fiber formation: structure, properties and characterization N Vasanthan, Long Island University, USA
    - Introduction - Fiber formation - Characterization - Influence of microstructure on properties - Conclusions - Future trends - References
  • Synthesis, properties and structure of polylactic acid fibres M Mochizuki, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan
    - Introduction - Synthesis and properties of polylactic acid.Properties and structure of polylactic acid fibres - Functional properties of polylactic acid fibres - Applications - Conclusions - References
  • The structure of polyolefin fibres R R Mather, Heriot-Watt University, UK
    - Introduction - Structures and configurations of polyolefin chains - Arrangements of polyolefin chains - Crystalline structures - Crystal morphology - Fibre profile - Processing-structure relationships - Future trends - Conclusion - Sources of further information and advice - References
  • The structure of acrylic, polyvinylalcohol (PVA) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) fibers H C Kim, Chonbuk National University, South Korea
    - Acrylic and modacrylic fibers - Polyvinylalcohol fiber - Polyvinylchloride fiber - References
  • The processing, structure and properties of elastomeric fibres J U Otaigbe and S A Madbouly, The University of Southern Mississippi, USA
    - Introduction - Polyurethane fibers - Production of polyurethane fibers - Polyester copolymer fibers - Styrene copolymers elastomeric fibers - Polyolefin elastomeric fibers - Elastomeric polymer alloy fibers - Conclusions and future trends - Acknowledgements - References
  • Production and properties of high modulus and high strength polyethylene fibres I M Ward, University of Leeds, UK and P J Lemstra, Technical University Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    - Introduction - Melt spun high modulus polyethylene fibres - Tensile drawing - Tensile creep behaviour - Fibre strength - Dynamic mechanical behaviour and structure of melt spun and drawn fibres - Thermal properties - Commercialisation of melt spun high modulus polyethylene (PE) fibres - Solution(gel)-spinning - Solvent-free processing routes for UHMW-PE - On the border-line between solid and melt - References
  • Structure and properties of aramid fibres S van der Zwaag, Technical University Delft, The Netherlands
    - Introduction - Chemistry of aramid fibres - Spinning and resulting microstructure - Relation microstructure and mechanical properties - Future trends - References
  • The structure and properties of high-modulus, high-tenacity VectranTM fibres Y Yamamoto and J Nakagawa, Kuraray Co Limited, Japan
    - Introduction - Thermotropic liquid crystal and its fibre formation - Thermotropic liquid crystal fibre (polyarylate fibre) - High initial modulus type - Properties of polyarylate fibre - Examples using the characteristics of VectranTM - Conclusion - References
  • The structure of high modulus-high tenacity (poly-p-phenylenebenzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibers T Kitagawa, Toyobo Co., Ltd, Japan
    - Introduction - Synthesis and polymerization - Molecular design and theoretical modulus - Fiber structure - PBO fiber structure under deformation - Future trends - Conclusions and comments - References
  • The structure of high-modulus, high-tenacity PIPD M5 fibre J W S Hearle, University of Manchester, UK
    - The problem of lateral weakness - Chemistry of PIPD - Crystal structure - Modulus calculations - Coarse structure and conclusion - References
  • Electrospinning and its influence on the structure of polymeric nanofibres K Garg, S. A. Sell and G L Bowlin, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    - Introduction - Types of fibers produced by electrospinning - Fiber structure - Influence of structure on properties - Future trends and conclusion - Sources of further information and advice - References
  • Melt spinning and other techniques for the production of nanofibers and microfibers Y Ohkoshi, Shinshu University, Japan
    - Introduction - Conjugated melt spinning - Melt spinning of polymer blends - Laser-heated flow drawing - Nanofibers made by conjugated melt spinning and laser-heated flow drawing - Conclusion - References
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