Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales

Edited by S Thomas, W Yang 
Woodhead Publishing Ltd  May 2009  

Hardcover  752 pp  ISBN 9781845693961      £190.00
  • reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials analysing new challenges and opportunities
  • discusses the fundamentals of polymer processing considering the compounding and mixing of polymers as well as extrusion
  • assesses alternative processing technologies including calendaring and coating and thermoforming of polymers
  • examines the moulding process and post-processing technologies with particular focus on online monitoring and computer modelling of polymers

Processing techniques are critical to the performance of polymer products which are used in a wide range of industries. Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials. Part one reviews the fundamentals of polymer processing with chapters on rheology, materials and polymer extrusion. Part two then discusses advances in moulding technology with chapters on such topics as compression, rotational and blow moulding of polymers. Chapters in Part three review alternative processing technologies such as calendaring and coating, foam processing and radiation processing of polymers. Part four discusses micro and nano-technologies with coverage of themes such as processing of macro, micro and nanocomposites and processing of carbon nanotubes. The final section of the book addresses post-processing technologies with chapters on online monitoring and computer modelling as well as joining, machining, finishing and decorating of polymers. With is distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Advances in polymer processing: From macro - to nano- scales scales will be an invaluable reference for engineers and academics concerned with polymer processing.



Recent advances in polymer processing: the state of the art, new challenges and opportunities, A T Sunny and S Thomas, Mahatma Gandhi University, India and W Yang, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China
Introduction. Polymer processing: an overview. Recent advances in multicomponent polymeric materials. Concluding remarks and future trends. References.

Non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and polymer rheology, K E George, Cochin University of Science and Technology, India
Introduction. Non-Newtonian behaviour. Newtonian shear flow. Shear flow of a power law fluid. Parameters influencing non-Newtonian behaviour. Elongational flow. Elastic effects in polymer melt flow. Polymer blends. Polymer nanocomposites. Rheometry. Solution viscosity. Molecular rheology. Polymer processing. Applications. References. Polymeric materials: elastomers, plastics, fibers, composites, nanocomposites and blends

A T Sunny and S Thomas, Mahatma Gandhi University, India, Overview of polymeric materials. Elastomers. Plastics. Fibers. Composites (macro, micro and nano composites). Blends (micro and nano blends). Conclusions. References.

Compounding and mixing of polymers, E K Silviya, S Varma and G Unnikrishnan, National Institute of Technology Calicut and S Thomas, Mahatma Gandhi University, India
Introduction. Basic principles of compounding. Plastic compounding. Rubber compounding. Criteria for selection of ingredients. Ingredient functions. Fillers: fibers to nanoparticles. Design of compounds. Machinery for compounding. Compounding for specific properties. Compound management. Quality control. Conclusions. Future reading. References.

Screw extrusion in polymer processing, J W Sikora, Lublin University of Technology, Poland
Introduction. Screw plasticizing system. Construction of the screw. Construction of the barrel. References.

Reactive extrusion of polymers, R M Jeziórska. Industrial Chemistry Research Institute, Poland
Introduction. Functionalisation of polyolefins. Polyblends containing functionalised polyolefins. Summary. References.


Injection moulding of polymers, W Yang, and J Zhiwei, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China
Introduction. Conventional injection moulding. Hot runner injection moulding. Gas (water)-assisted injection moulding. Microinjection moulding. Future trends. References.

Rotational moulding of polymers, F G Torres, Catholic University of Peru, Peru
Introduction. Polymer sintering models. Rotational moulding of composite and nanocomposite materials. Rotational molding of biobased materials. Mechanical properties of rotomoulded materials. Rotational foam moulding. References.

Blow moulding of polymers Y Marco, ENSIETA - LBMS, France; and L Chevalier, Université Paris-Est, France,
Introduction. Process description and industrial part design requirements. Mechanical strength of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) plastic bottles. Numerical simulation of the process and microstructural changes during stretch blow moulding. Conclusion and future trends. References.


Liquid resin and polymer solution processing, C Dong, Curtin University of Technology, Australia
Introduction. Viscosity of resin. Curing. Liquid resin and composite processing. Resin flow and defect generation. Dimensional variations. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.

Calendering and coating of polymers, E Mitsoulis, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
Introduction. Lubrication approximation. Two-dimensional analysis. Three-dimensional analysis. Viscoelastic effects. Calendered sheet and film defects. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References.

Thermoforming of polymers, P J Martin, Queen's University Belfast, UK
Introduction. Developments in thermoforming processes. Products and markets. Polymers for thermoforming. Advances in tool materials. Developments in process simulation. Advances in instrumentation and control. Measurement of thermoformability. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.

Polymer processing using supercritical fluids, C L Higginbotham, J G Lyons and J E Kennedy, Athlone Institute of Technology, Ireland
Introduction. What is a supercritical fluid? Brief history of supercritical fluids. Polymer applications of supercritical fluids. Polymer processing. Recycling. Conclusions. References.

Radiation processing of polymers, V Rao, Mangalore University, India
Introduction. Types of radiation sources used. Radiation chemistry of polymers. Radiation-induced chemical reactions. Industrial applications. Conclusions. Sources of further information and advice. References.

Novel processing additives for extrusion and injection moulding of polymers, O L Kulikov and K Hornung, Universität der Bundeswehr München and M H Wagner, TU Berlin, Germany
Introduction. Flow instabilities, sharkskin, slip. Conventional processing additives. Novel processing additives. Interaction of polymer processing additives with polymer modifiers. Future trends in polymer processing additives. Conclusions. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgments. References.


Preparing rubber based nanocomposites through compounding and vulcanization, Y L Lu, Y-P Wu, and L-Q Zhang, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, China
Background of rubber reinforcement. Melt blending method. Latex compounding method. In situ polymerization of metallic salts of unsaturated carboxylate acid (MSUCA) during peroxide curing of elastomers. Microstructure evolution of rubber-based nanocomposites during storage and curing process. References.

Micromoulding of polymers
D Yao, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, Introduction. Classification of micromolding processes. Microinjection molding. Hot embossing. Micromold making. Emerging topics in micromolding. References.

Reactive polymer processing and design of stable micro- and nanostructures, A V Machado and J A Covas, University of Minho, Portugal, V Bounor-Legare and P Cassagnau, Université de Lyon, France
Micro- and nanostructures. Reactive extrusion. Reactive processes for stable micro- and nanostructured morphologies. Equipment. References.

Processing of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanotube based polymer nanocomposites, V M Karbhari, University of Alabama in Huntsville and C Love, Naval Research Laboratories, USA
Introduction. Structure of carbon nanotubes. Processing methods for nanotube based polymer nanocomposites. Nanotube alignment. Properties and characteristics. Future trends. References.


Online monitoring of mould flow in polymer processing, D Kazmer and S Johnston, University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA
Introduction. Fundamentals. On-line simulation. Multivariate quality control. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgements. References.

Computer modeling and simulation of polymer processing, T C Lim, SIM University (UniSIM), Singapore
Introduction. Interatomic potentials. Monte Carlo approach. Molecular dynamics approach. Continuum and semi-continuum approaches. Conclusions. References.

Joining, machining, finishing and decorating of polymers, P KVD Yarlagadda, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, S Butdee and A Suebsomran, King Mongkut's University of Technology, Thailand
Joining process and applications. Machining process. Finishing process and applications. References.

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