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Genetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops

Edited by W Vermerris 
Springer  August 2008  



Hardcover  450 pp  ISBN 9780387708041      £112.00
Bioenergy is attracting increasing attention in science, industry, politics and the media as a means to address energy security, global climate change and economic sustainability. Biofuels - ethanol and biodiesel - currently represent the only alternative and renewable energy source available as liquid transportation fuel. The current production of biofuels relies heavily on food crops: grain and sugar for ethanol, and plant oils for biodiesel. This has raised serious concerns about food supplies, food prices, and long-term sustainability. Second-generation biofuels are derived from dedicated bioenergy crops that produce plant cell wall polysaccharides as the main source of fermentable sugars, as well as algae and non-edible oil crops as a source of oils and lipids for biodiesel.

The development of dedicated bioenergy crops requires an entirely different approach to plant improvement than what has been traditional for food, feed and fiber crops. This book presents an overview of the major bioenergy crops that can be used for the production of biomass and ethanol, with a focus on their genetic improvement. In order to maintain focus, biodiesel and the genetic improvement of oil crops are not covered. The available genetic resources are largely untapped and offer major opportunities to significantly enhance the contribution of bioenergy, while addressing many of the economic and ecological concerns.

The chapters have been written by experts in their field and target university students in plant sciences, biological engineering, or related disciplines, enrolled in a course on bioenergy crops. Researchers in academia and industry will find this book useful as well. The first part of the book provides background on the politics of bioenergy, the current ethanol production process, the biosynthesis and analysis of plant cell walls, and processing of biomass, and includes a primer on genetics and plant breeding. The second part of the book focuses on the genetic resources available to enhance individual herbaceous and woody species for use as bioenergy feedstocks. As a whole, Genetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops provides the first comprehensive overview of the tremendous potential of dedicated bioenergy crops.

Written for scientists and students working in bio-energy, bioprocess engineering, and plant science

Contents

  • Why Bioenergy Makes Sense
  • A Primer on Genetics, Genomics and Plant Breeding
  • Production of Ethanol from Grain
  • Composition and Biosynthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Selection of Promising Biomass Feedstock Lines Using High-Throughput Spectrometric and Enzymatic Assays
  • Current Technologies for Fuel Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Plant Biomass
  • Genetic Improvement of Corn for Lignocellulosic Feedstock Production
  • Development and Utilization of Sorghum as a Bioenergy Crop
  • Genetic Improvement of Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) as an Energy Crop
  • Miscanthus: Genetic Resources and Breeding Potential to Enhance Bioenergy Production
  • Improvement of Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop
  • Improvement of Perennial Forage Species as Feedstock for Bioenergy
  • Genetic Improvement of Willow (Salix spp.) as a Dedicated Bioenergy Crop
  • Genetic Improvement of Popular (Populus spp.) as a Bioenergy Crop
  • Southern Pines: A Resource for Bioenergy.
To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Springer : biodiesel : bioenergy : biomass : bioproducts : environmental science : ethanol : genetically modified organisms : genetics : renewable energy

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