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Polyesters and polyamides

Woodhead Publishing  June 2008  



Hardcover  632 pp  ISBN 9781845692988      £175.00
Polyesters and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews methods of their production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications.

The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications.

With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyesters and polyamides will be a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres.

Contents

PART 1 POLYESTER AND POLYAMIDE FUNDAMENTALS

Polyester resins, P Santhana Gopala Krishnan and S T Kulkarni, Futura Polyesters Ltd, Chennai, India
- Introduction - Classification - History - Polymerization methods - Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) - Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) - Poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) - Poly(1, 4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (PCT) - Poly(ethylene 2, 6-naphthalate) (PEN) - Polylactic acid (PLA) - World market - Future trends - Acknowledgements - Sources of further information and advice

Polyamide fibers, B L Deopura, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Nylon 66 - Nylon 6 - Thermal properties of nylon fibers - Physical structure of nylon fiber - Mechanical behaviour of nylon fibers - Applications of nylon fibers - References

Manufacture of polyester fibres, C A Lin, Feng Chia University, Taiwan
- Introduction - Raw materials of polyester fibres in industry - Polymerisation process of polyester fibres in industry - Fundamental principles and types of melt spinning process - Heat setting and textured yarn of filament - High speed spinning and novel spinning - Acknowledgements - References

Manufacture of polyamide fibres, A K Agrawal and M Jassal, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Nylon 6,6 - Nylon 6 - Effect of temperature - Effect of water concentration - Effect of stabilizer type and amount - Reactor design - Synthesis of modified polyamides (nylon 6) - Modification at polymerization stage - Dyeability of nylon 6 - Cationic dyeable nylon 6 - Antistatic and hydrophilic Nylon 6 - Flame retardant nylon 6 - Elements of melt spinning process of nylon 6 - Structure development during melt spinning of polyamides - Spinning of nylon 6 - Drawing and heat setting - Mechanism of drawing in polyamides - Heat setting - References

Poly(lactic acid) fibres (PLA), D W Farrington, Consultant, UK, J Lunt, S Davies, Nature Works LLC, USA and R S Blackburn, University of Leeds, UK
- Introduction - Chemistry and manufacture of PLA polymer resin - PLA fibre properties - Applications - Environmental sustainability - Future trends - References

Environmental impact of polyester and polyamide textiles, K Slater, University of Guelph, Canada
- Introduction - Types of environmental impact - Pollution types - Pollution prevention and control - Environmental impact of textile production processes and use conditions - Use conditions - Pollution control strategies - Eco-friendly technology options - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

PART 2 IMPROVING FUNCTIONALITY OF POLYESTERS AND POLYAMIDES

Specialty fibres from polyester and polyamides, M G Kamath and G S Bhat, The University of Tennessee, USA
- Introduction - Production, properties and applications of physically modified fibres - Production, properties and applications of chemically modified fibres - Design and process control aspects - Future trends - References

Property enhancement through blending, R Alagirusamy and A Das, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Staple fibre blending - Evaluation of the blend - Migration - De-blending - Selection of blend constituents - Blend ratio - Types of blending operation - Influence of fibre properties and blend ratio on yarn properties - Blended yarn structures - Blending for speciality products - Summary - References

Weaving technology for manufacturing high performance fabrics, B K Behera, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Principles of fabric formation - Fundamentals of woven structure - Basic weaves - Theoretical considerations in woven structure - High performance fabric - Yarn preparation for high quality fabric - Weaving systems - Production of some speciality fabrics - Future outlook in weaving - References

Advances in coloration of polyester textiles, M L Gulrajani, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Evolution of dyeing of polyester - Disperse dyes - Theory of dyeing with disperse dyes - Effect of fibre structure on dyeing - Dyeing procedures - New methods of dyeing - Dyeing of chemically modified polyester fibres - References

Flame-retardant polyester and polyamide textiles, P Joseph, University of Ulster and J R Ebdon, University of Sheffield, UK
- Background - Introduction - Testing procedure and hazard assessments - general aspects - Polyesters - Polyamides - Conclusions and future trends - Sources for further information and advice - References

Advances in functional finishes for polyester and polyamide-based textiles, B S Butola, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Properties and uses of polyester and polyamide fibre/textiles - Imparting functionality through finishing/coating/laminating - Recent advances in finishing - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

The impact of nanotechnology on polyesters, polyamides and other textiles, M Joshi, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - What is nanotechnology? Origin of nanotechnology - Nanotechnology: applications in textiles - Nanotechnology based surface modification of textiles - Nanocoatings - Nanocomposite coatings - Nanotechnology based fiber modifications - Polymer/clay nanocomposite fibers (PCNF) - Carbon Nanotube (CNT) based nanocomposite fibers - Nanoparticle based nanocomposite fibers - Nanofibers - Future trends - References

PART 3 APPLICATIONS OF FIBROUS POLYESTERS AND POLYAMIDES

Polyester and polyamide fibres -apparel applications, V K Kothari, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Properties of polyester and polyamides and their suitability for apparel applications - Different fibre types for apparel purpose - Blends of polyamide and polyester - Apparel applications of polyamide and polyester fabric - Comparison of polyester and polyamides - Pivotal fibre modification - Current market potentials - Future prospects - Acknowledgements - References

Polyester and nylon based textiles in biomedical engineering, B Gupta, N Grover, S Viju and S Saxena, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
- Introduction - Textiles for biomedicine - Textiles for hygiene products - Intelligent textiles - Conclusion - References

Sports applications, J McCann, University of Wales, UK
- Introduction - Fibre developments and characteristics - Design considerations - Textile selection - Future trends - Sources of further information and advice - References

Automotive applications, T Matsuo, SCI-TEX, Japan
- Introduction - Polyester and polyamide fibres of automotive use in terms for fibre performance requirements - Rubber composites parts - Internal safety systems - Car interiors - Others - Conclusion - References and bibliography

Applications of polyesters and polyamides in civil engineering, R Fangueiro, C Gonilho Pereira and M de Ara˙jo, University of Minho, Portugal
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