Sustainable food production and ethics

Edited by Werner Zollitsch, Christoph Winkler, Susanne Waiblinger and Alexander Haslberger 
Wageningen Academic Publishers  2007  

Paperback  550 pp  ISBN 9789086860463      £75.00
Sustainability has become an issue widely debated in many countries. Given the central role of food supply and the emotional relationship that modern mankind still has to its food, sustainability is seen as a value which has to be maintained throughout food supply chains. The complexity of modern food systems invokes a variety of ethical implications which emerge from contrasts between ideals, perceptions and the conditions of technical processes within food systems, and the concerns connected to this.

This book covers a broad range of aspects within the general issue of sustainable food production and ethics. Linking different academic disciplines, topics range from reflections about the roots of sustainability and the development of concepts and approaches to globalisation and resilience of food systems as well as specific ethical aspects of organic farming and animal welfare. Modern technologies which are intensely advocated by certain stakeholder groups and their societal challenges are addressed, as are many other specific cases of food production and processing, consumer perception and marketing.



Keynote papers

  • On sustainability, dogmas, and (new) historical roots for environmental ethics, Ben A. Minteer
  • How do the ethical values of organic agriculture relate to standards and to current practice?, Susanne Padel
  • Animal welfare and intensive animal production: are they compatible?, David Fraser
  • Animal welfare in intensive and sustainable animal production systems, Vonne Lund
  • Ethics and action: a relational perspective on food trends and consumer concerns ,Unni Kjćrnes
  • Coexistence? What kind of agriculture do we want? , Louise W.M. Luttikholt
  • Coexistence and ethics: NIMBY-arguments reconsidered , Matthias Kaiser
  • Vertical gene flow in the context of risk/safety assessment and co-existence, A. De Schrijver, Y. Devos and M. Sneyers

Part 1 - Theoretical, conceptual and foundational issues: concepts and approaches

  • Ethical bases of sustainability, Paul B. Thompson
  • Building a sustainable future for animal agriculture: an environmental virtue ethic of care approach within the philosophy of technology, Raymond Anthony
  • Emergence and auto-organisation: revising our concepts of growth, development and evolution toward a science of sustainability, Sylvie Pouteau
  • Values behind biodiversity: ends in themselves or knowledge-based attitudes, Arne Sveinson Haugen

Part 2 - Theoretical, conceptual and foundational issues: assessment and models

  • A structuring pathway to tackling ethical problems, Michael Zichy
  • Standing on the shoulders of a giant: the promise of multi-criteria mapping as a decisionsupport framework in food ethics, Volkert Beekman, Erik de Bakker and Ronald de Graaff
  • Sustainability concept in agricultural scientific papers, Matias Pasquali

Part 3 - Theoretical, conceptual and foundational issues: bringing ethics into practice

  • Practice-oriented ethics, S. Aerts and D. Lips
  • How do stakes and interests shape the discursive strategies for framing (multi-)causality?, Laura Maxim and Jeroen P. van der Sluijs
  • Depoliticizing technological decisions?, Bernice Bovenkerk
  • Implicit normativity in scientific advice - a case study of nutrition advice to the general public, Anna Paldam Folker, Hanne Andersen and Peter Sandoe
  • Trustworthiness: the concrete task to take vague moral ideals seriously, Franck L.B. Meijboom

Part 4 - Diversity, resilience, global trade

  • Using past climate variability to understand how food systems are resilient to future climate Change, Evan D.G. Fraser, Mette Termansen, Ning Sun, Dabo Guan, Kuishang Feng and Yang Yu
  • Integration of resilience into sustainability model for analysis of adaptive capacities of regions to climate change: the EASEY model, R. Paulesich, K. Bohländer and A.G. Haslberger
  • Sustainability, corporate social responsibility and food markets: the role of cooperatives, Valeria Sodano
  • A method for construction and evaluation of scenarios for sustainable animal production, with an application on future Swedish dairy farming, Stefan Gunnarsson and Ulf Sonesson
  • Protecting local diversity in scenarios of modern food biotechnology, globalised trade and intellectual property rights, A.G. Haslberger, A.H. Gesche, M. Proyer, R. Paulesich and S. Gressler
  • Does free trade in agriculture promote 'one planet farming'?, Tom MacMillan and Neva Frecheville
  • Constructing sustainable regional food networks: a grounded perspective, Dirk Roep and Johannes S.C. Wiskerke
  • Ethical use of Andean tomato germplasm, Bart Gremmen
  • A legal examination of the requirements relating to developing countries' exports of organic products to the European Union, Morten Broberg

Part 5 - Sustainability and animal welfare: animal welfare and basic value

  • Vegan agriculture: animal-friendly and sustainable, Tatjana Visak
  • Understanding farmers' values, Carolien de Lauwere, Sabine de Rooij and Jan Douwe van der Ploeg
  • Consumers versus producers: a different view on farm animal welfare?, Filiep Vanhonacker, Els Van Poucke, Frank Tuyttens and Wim Verbeke
  • Market segmentation based on perceived importance and evaluation of farm animal welfare, Filiep Vanhonacker, Els Van Poucke, Frank Tuyttens and Wim Verbeke

Part 6 - Sustainability and animal welfare: different practices

  • Stacking pigs: Dutch pig tower debates and the changing nature of ethical livestock production, Clemens Driessen
  • Towards sustainable livestock production systems, John J. McGlone and Mhairi Sutherland
  • Economic, ecological and societal performance of organic versus conventional egg production in the Netherlands, Eddie A.M. Bokkers, Sophia van der Ploeg, Erwin Mollenhorst and Imke J.M. de Boer
  • Considering the farmer-animal relationship in the development of sustainable husbandry systems for cattle production, X. Boivin, S. Waiblinger, A. Brulé, N. L'hotellier, F. Phocas and G. Coleman
  • From the backyard, through the farm, to the laboratory - changes in human attitudes to the pig, Reinhard Huber, I. Anna S. Olsson, Mickey Gjerris and Peter Sandoe
  • Logistics at transport to slaughter: food and environment-optimised animal transport, Sofia Wiberg, Anne Algers, Bo Algers, Ulrika Franzén, Magnus Lindencrona, Olof Moen, Sofia Ohnell and Jonas Waidringer
  • The ethics of automatic milking systems and grazing in dairy cattle, Leonie F.M. Heutinck and Clemens Driessen

Part 7 - Sustainability and animal welfare: implementation and legislation

  • Conflicting areas in the ethical debate on animal health and welfare , Albert Sundrum
  • The concept of sustainable agriculture necessitates a duty of stewardship in contemporary animal welfare legislation, Ian A. Robertson
  • The Australian Animal Welfare Strategy: sustaining food production drivers within broader societal agendas, H.R. Yeatman
  • Sheep welfare in the welfare state: ethical aspects of the conventionalisation of Norwegian organic production, Marianne Kulo and Lill M. Vramo
  • Animal welfare in assurance schemes: benchmarking for progress, S.Aerts
  • Best Practice in animal production: a grassroots evaluation framework, S. Aerts and D. Lips

Part 8 - Sustainability and animal welfare: workshop 'Science and public expectations'

  • Can animal science meet the expectations in the 'animal welfare' debate?, Karel (K.H.) de Greef and Bram (A.P.) Bos
  • Empirical facts in farm-animal welfare discourses, Herwig Grimm

Part 9 - Ethics of organic farming

  • On the ethical dimension of organic agriculture, Tatjana Kochetkova
  • Organic farming: for the sake of nature?, Karsten Klint Jensen
  • Mutilations in organic animal husbandry: ethical dilemmas?, Susanne Waiblinger, Christoph Menke and Knut Niebuhr
  • The development of organic aquaculture as a sustainable food production system: exploring issues and challenges, S. Tomkins and K.M. Millar

Part 10 - Sustainable disease control

  • Keeping backyard animals as a way of life, Nina E. Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen and Frans W.A. Brom
  • Animal disease policy as a moral question with respect to risks of harm, Franck L.B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen and Frans W.A. Brom
  • Avian influenza and media coverage: a qualitative study in four European countries, Asterios Tsioumanis
  • Using participatory methods to explore the social and ethical issues raised by bioscience research programmes: the case of animal genomics research, K.M. Millar, C. Gamborg and P. Sandoe
  • System approach to improve animal health, Albert Sundrum, Klaas Dietze and Christina Werner
  • Will nano-enabled diagnostics make animal disease control more sustainable?, Johan Evers, Stef Aerts and Johan De Tavernier
  • Is it possible to make risk-reduction strategies socially sustainable?, Sara Korzen-Bohr and Jesper Lassen
  • New understanding of epigenetics and consequences for environmental health and sustainability, Veronika Sagl, Roman Thaler, Astrid H. Gesche and Alexander G. Haslberger
  • Local knowledge and ethnoveterinary medicine of farmers in Eastern Tyrol about wild plant species: a potential basis for disease control according to EC Council Reg. 2092/91 in organic farming,2 Brigitte Vogl-Lukasser, Christian R. Vogl, Susanne Grasser and Martina Bizaj

Part 11 - Sustainable food production and consumption

  • Sustainable value chain analysis, David Simons
  • Sustainable green marketing of SMEs' ecoproducts, Maarit Pallari
  • The role of women in promoting ethical consumerism: an historical perspective,Laura Terragni
  • Waste not want not - the ethics of food waste, André Gazsó and Sabine Greßler
  • Ruminant feeding in sustainable animal agriculture, Wilhelm Knaus
  • What is 'regional food'? The process of developing criteria for regional food in Eastern Tyrol,Austria, Julia Kaliwoda, Heidrun Leitner and Christian Vogl

Part 12 - GMO: GM plants

  • Contested GMO's: how questions of global justice and basic structures matter in the debate on GM plants, Kristian Hoyer Toft
  • Benefits at risk: does the motivation of farmers counteract potential benefits of GM plants?, Jesper Lassen and Peter Sandoe
  • Typology of ethical judgements on transgenic plants, Catherine Baudoin
  • Marketing GM Roundup Ready rapeseed in Norway? Report from a value workshop, Ellen-Marie Forsberg
  • GM-food: how to communicate with the public?, Ursula Hunger, Brigitte Gschmeidler and Elisabeth Waigmann

Part 13 - GMO: transgenic animals

  • Ethical concerns related to cloning of animals for agricultural purposes 455 Mickey Gjerris and Peter Sandoe
  • Animal welfare aspects of creating transgenic farm animals, Kristin Hagen
  • Cloning for meat or medicine?, C. Gamborg, M. Gjerris, J. Gunning, M. Hartlev and P. Sandoe
  • Assessing people's attitudes towards animal use and genetic modification using a web-based interactive survey, Catherine A. Schuppli and Daniel M. Weary

Part 14 - Nature conservation and ethics

  • Environmental values and their impact on sustainability and nature conservation,Diana Ehrenwerth and Alexander G. Haslberger
  • Aspects of ethics and animal protection in animal husbandry under semi-natural conditions,in animals returned to the wild, and in wild animals, K.M. Scheibe
  • The ethics of catch and release in angling: human recreation, resource conservation and animal welfare, Cecilie M. Mejdell and Vonne Lund

Part 15 - Other contributions

  • Why farmers need professional autonomy, F.R. Stafleu and F.L.B. Meijboom
  • Reflections from cultural history: the story of the Bohemian landscape in Romania - a sustainable past?, Pavel Klvac and Zbynek Ulcak
  • Landscape, land use and soul: ecopsychology: mending a troubled relationship, Diana Voigt, Thomas Lindenthal and Andreas Spornberger
  • Organic farmers' experiments and innovations: a debate, Susanne Kummer, Racheli Ninio, Friedrich Leitgeb and Christian R. Vogl
  • Detecting pathogens using real-time PCR: a contribution to monitoring animal health and food safety, Sophie Kronsteiner, Konrad J. Domig, Silvia Pfalz, Philipp Nagel, Werner Zollitsch and Wolfgang Kneifel
  • Analysis of diet-induced changes in intestinal microbiota: microbial balance as indicator for gut health, Silvia Pfalz, Konrad J. Domig, Sophie Kronsteiner, Philipp Nagel, Werner Zollitsch and Wolfgang Kneifel
  • Analysis of food associated bacterial diversity with molecular methods comparing lettuce from organic and conventional agriculture and cheese from pasteurized versus unpasteurized milk, Jutta Zwielehner, Michael Handschur, Norbert Zeichen, Selen Irez and Alexander G. Haslberger
  • Non-physical interaction between humans and plants and its impact on plant development, F. Leitgeb, C. Arvay, K. Dolschak, A. Spornberger and K. Jezik

Part 16 Sustainable food production and ethics

  • A tailor-made molecular biological strategy for monitoring the gut microbiota of pigs reflecting animal health, Agnes Petersson, Konrad J. Domig, Elisabeth Moser, Karl Schedle, Wilhelm Windisch and Wolfgang Kneifel
  • Evaluating novel protein sources for organic laying hens, Heleen A. Van de Weerd and Sue H. Gordon

Authors index
Keyword index

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Ethics : Wageningen Academic Publishers : business & management : environmental science : food science : genetically modified organisms : organic farming : sustainability

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