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Optimisation of nutrient cycling and soil quality for sustainable grasslands

Edited by S.C. Jarvis, P.J. Murray and J.A. Roker 
Wageningen Academic Publishers  2005  



Paperback  120 pp  ISBN 9789076998725      £50.00
This book brings together two aspects of grassland soil management which, by and large, have hitherto been considered separately. Issues related to nutrient cycling and soil quality have dominated research directed towards aiding broad and local scale policy issues for improving land use. Protecting the environment and maintaining/preserving natural habitats and biodiversity, tend to be considered separately. In this book we attempt to bring what are, in reality, inseparable aspects of grassland soil characteristics together and consider physical, chemical and biological components of soils, their interrelations and the way that they influence nutrient transformations and flows and soil quality.

This volume is useful to all those interested in soils and their function, and all grassland managers, whether their aims are directed at producing food, forage or fibre of sustainable quantity and quality or at maintaining, restoring or encouraging above and below ground biodiversity. The international perspective on this is very important so that experiences in wide ranging circumstances can be cross-referenced and used to the advantage of all.

Contents

Foreword

Keynote Presentations

  • Soil biology and the emergence of adventive grassland ecosystems, T.R. Seastedt
  • Chemical components and effects on soil quality in temperate grazed pasture systems, M.H. Beare, D. Curtin, S. Thomas, P.M. Fraser and G.S. Francis
  • Physical constraints in grassland ecosystems, I.M. Young, K. Ritz, C.S. Sturrock and R. Heck
  • Integrating below-ground ecology into sustainable grassland management, R.D. Bardgett

Section 1: Soil biology and nutrient turnover

  • Benomyl effects on plant productivity through arbuscular mycorrhiza restriction in a Greek upland grassland,M. Orfanoudakis, A.P. Mamolos, F. Karanika and D.S. Veresoglou
  • The influence of burning on soil microbial biomass and activity along the Boro route in the Okavango delta of Botswana., T. Mubyana-John and A. Banda
  • Estimating nitrogen fixation by pastures on a regional or continental scale, M. Unkovich
  • Cycling of N and P in grass-alone (Brachiaria) and mixed grass/legumes, R.M. Boddey, R.M. Tarré, R. Macedo, C. de P. Rezende, J.M. Pereira, B.J.R. Alves and S. Urquiaga
  • 40 years of studies on the relationships between grass species, N turnover and nutrient cycling in the Lamto reserve in the Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) 59 L. Abbadie and J.C. Lata
  • The addition and cessation of inorganic fertiliser amendments in long-term managed grasslands: impacts on above and below-ground communities 60 C.D. Clegg, P.J. Murray, R. Cook and T. Tallec
  • Grassland management practices and the diversity of soil nematode communities 61 R. Cook, P.J. Murray and K.A. Mizen
  • Study of characteristics of soil animals in halophilous plant communities of Leymus chinensis grasslands of northeast in China 62 X. Yin, Y. Zhang and W. Dong
  • How soil properties affect egg development and larval longevity of a grassland insect pest - an empirically based model 63 S.N. Johnson, X. Zhang, J.W. Crawford, P.J. Gregory, S.C. Jarvis, P.J. Murray and I.M. Young
  • Impact of root herbivory on grassland community structure: from landscape to microscale 64 P.J. Murray, R. Cook, L.A. Dawson, A.C. Gange, S.J. Grayston and A.M. Treonis
  • Analysis of the soil foodweb structure on organic- and conventional dairy farms 65 N. van Eekeren, F. Smeding and A.J. Schouten
  • The effect of forage legumes on mineral nitrogen content in soil 66 M. Isolahti, A. Huuskonen, M. Tuori, O. Nissinen and R. Nevalainen
  • Field experiments to help optimise nitrogen fixation by legumes on organic farms 67 A. Joynes, D.J. Hatch, A. Stone, S. Cuttle and G. Goodlass
  • Effects of applied quantity of phosphorus fertiliser on phosphorus content in plant tissues of lucerne (Medicago sativa) and seed yield in North-western China 68 Y.W. Wang, J.G. Han, S.M. Fu and Y. Zhong
  • Cool-season grass response to increasing nitrogen fertiliser rates in Michigan 69 R.H. Leep, T.S. Dietz and D.H. Min
  • Within resting period seasonal soluble carbohydrate profiles of rotationally grazed elephant grass 70 L.P. Passos, M.C. Vidigal, I.G. Perry, F. Deresz and F.B. de Sousa
  • The role of grass tussocks in maintaining soil condition in north east Australia 71 B.K. Northup and J.R. Brown
  • Effect of a grazing intensity gradient on primary production and soil nitrogen mineralisation in a humid grassland of western France 72 N. Rossignol, A. Bonis and J-B. Bouzillé
  • Diet effects on dairy manure nitrogen excretion and cycling 73 J.M. Powell and T.H. Misselbrook
  • How will removal of the non-organic feed derogation affect nutrient budgets of organic livestock farms in Wales? 74 H. McCalman and S.P. Cuttle

Section 2: Chemical controls over soil quality and nutrient turnover

  • The effect of a reduction in phosphate application on soil phosphate pools, C. van der Salm, J. van Middelkoop and P.A.I. Ehlert
  • Changes in nutrient turnover and supply during the reversion of arable land to acid grassland/Calluna heathland, A. Bhogal, B.J. Chambers, R. Pywell and K. Walker
  • Study of dairy manure N cycling in soil-plant continuum using 15N and other methods, J.M. Powell, P.R. Cusick and K.A. Kelling
  • Nitrogen leaching from cattle, sheep and deer grazed pastures in New Zealand, K. Betteridge, S.F. Ledgard, C.J. Hoogendoorn, M.G. Lambert, Z.A. Park, D.A. Costall and P.W. Theobald
  • Effect of soil chemistry on microbial biodiversity and functionality in grassland and tilled soils, C. Carrigg, S. Kavanagh, D. Fay and V. O' Flaherty
  • Effect of different carbon and nitrogen inputs on soil chemical and biochemical properties in maize-based forage systems in Northern Italy, S. Monaco, D. Hatch, L. Dixon, C. Grignani, D. Sacco and L. Zavattaro
  • Seasonal changes in the ratio of microbial biomass P to total P in soils of grazed pastures, M. Kaneko, Y. Kurokawa, H. Tanaka and S. Suzuki
  • Nitrogen mineralisation in situ and in controlled environment 84 F. Pálmason N-mineralisation and phosphorous: important elements in decision support for grassland systems, A.L. Nielsen and C.C. Hoffmann
  • Implications for N transformations in acidic soils of replacing annual-based legume pastures with lucernebased pasture in dryland farming systems of southern Australia, I.R.P. Fillery
  • Characterisation of soil organic matter from Pensacola bahiagrass pastures grazed for four years at different management intensities, J.C.B. Dubeux, Jr., L.E. Sollenberger, N.B. Comerford, A.C. Ruggieri and K.M. Portier
  • Organic matter transformation processes of soils in native steppe grass communities, E. Forró
  • Study of soil characteristics to estimate sulphur supply for plant growth, M. Mathot, R. Lambert, B. Toussaint and A. Peeters
  • Total sulphur content and N:S ratio as indicators for S deficiency in grasses, M. Mathot, R. Lambert, B. Toussaint and A. Peeters
  • Supplementation of cattle with rock phosphate and urea treated straw to improve manure quality and crop yields in the Sahel zone of Senegal, M. Cissé, M. N'Diaye and C.M. N'Dione
  • Nitrogen response of spring and winter wheat to biosolids compared to chemical fertiliser, W. Kato, O.T. Carton, D. McGrath, H. Tunney, W.E. Murphy and P. O'Toole
  • Improving nutrient supply of grassland soil, G. Füleky and M. Orbán

Section 3: Physical constraints to soil formation

  • Assessment of nitrogen nutrition status of grasses under water deficit and recovery, V.G. Dugo, J-L. Durand and F. Gastal
  • Denitrification under pastures on permeable soils helps protect ground water quality, M.P. Russelle, B.A. Browne, N.B. Turyk and B. Pearson
  • Phosphorus transfer to river water from grassland catchments in Ireland, H. Tunney, P. Jordan, G. Kiely, R. Moles, G. Morgan, P. Byrne, W. Menary and K. Daly
  • Maximising slurry crop available nitrogen utilisation in grassland systems, J.R. Williams, E. Sagoo, B.J. Chambers, J. Laws and D.R. Chadwick
  • Fire and nutrient cycling in shortgrass steppe of the southern Great Plains, USA , P.L. Ford and C.S. White
  • Soil aggregate dynamics, particulate organic matter and phosphate under dryland and irrigated pasture, J.T. Scott, L.M. Condron and R.W. McDowell
  • Fine colloids 'carry' diffuse water contaminants from grasslands, P.M. Haygarth and A.L. Heathwaite
  • Leaching losses of N, P and K from grazed legume based swards: some preliminary results, E.R. Dixon, A.C. Stone, D. Scholefield and D.J. Hatch
  • Nitrogen dynamics following the break-up of grassland on three different sandy soils, M. Kayser, K. Seidel and J. Müller
  • Mechanical aeration and liquid dairy manure: application impacts on grassland runoff water quality and yield, T.J. Basden, S.B. Shah and J.L. Miller,
  • Management options to reduce N-losses from ploughed grass-clover,J. de Wit, G.J. van der Burgt and N. van Eekeren
  • Rangeland ecological management counter-measures study of Xinjiang, H.X. Cui, J. Li, S. Asiya, J.L. Zhang and Jialin
  • Green Dairy, a project for environmental friendly and sustainable dairy systems in the Atlantic area, H. Chambaut, A. Pflimlin and C. Raison
  • SAFE - a tool for assessing the sustainability of agricultural systems: an illustration, X. Sauvenier, C. Bielders, M. Hermy, E. Mathijs, B. Muys, J. Valckx, N. Van Cauwenbergh, M. Vanclooster, E. Wauters and A. Peeters
  • SAFE - a tool for assessing the sustainability of agricultural systems: methodology, X. Sauvenier, C. Bielders, M. Hermy, E. Mathijs, B. Muys, J. Valckx, N. Van Cauwenbergh,M. Vanclooster, E. Wauters and A. Peeters

Keyword index
Author index

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Wageningen Academic Publishers : agriculture & forestry : grasses : plant nutrition : plant science : soil science : sustainable development

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