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The impact of Fair Trade

Edited by Ruerd Ruben 
Wageningen Academic Publishers  2008  



hardcover  256 pp  ISBN 9789086860838      £55.00
Twenty years ago, Fair Trade started as an effort to enable smallholder producers from developing countries to successfully compete in international markets. Better access to market outlets and stable prices are considered key principles for sustainable poverty reduction and stakeholder participation based on 'trade, not aid'. While Fair Trade is primarily conceived as a trading partnership - based on dialogue, transparency and mutual respect - seeking greater equity in international trade, it relies on an organized social movement promoting standards for production practices and delivery procedures, working conditions and labour remuneration, environmental care and social policies in supply chains of certified tropical goods.

Over the past two decades, sales of Fair Trade products have considerably increased. After the first shipments of coffee, the range of products has gradually broadened to include fruit (particularly bananas, pineapple and citrus), tea, cocoa, textiles, cosmetics and a whole series of other products. Global Fair Trade sales have steadily grown to approximately EUR 1.6 billion worldwide, covering almost 600 producer organizations in more than 55 developing countries that represent close to a million families of farmers and workers. In recent years, efforts have been made towards mainstreaming of Fair Trade involving large international companies and retail chains.

While numerous case studies and descriptive overviews are available to illustrate the importance of Fair Trade for producers and their families in developing countries, little quantitative evidence has been presented to review the socio-economic impact of Fair Trade. This collection of articles provides the first balanced in-depth analysis of the real welfare impact of Fair Trade, paying attention to key dimensions of income, consumption, wealth, environment, empowerment and gender. The core articles are based on extensive field surveys in Peru, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Ghana, Kenya and Mexico, and provide valuable insights in the contributions and constraints for producers' involvement in Fair Trade. In addition, attention is paid to the broader implications for international trade regimes and the ethical perspectives on Fair Trade.

Contents

Preface
List of figures
List of tables
Abbreviations

Chapter 1 The development impact of Fair Trade: from discourse to data, Ruerd Ruben
1. Introduction , 2. The purpose of Fair Trade , 3. Impact assessment approach , 4. Case studies , 5. Direct welfare effects , 6. Changes in livelihoods , 7. Gender and environment , 8. The role of farmers' organisation , 9. Regional externalities , 10. Summary , 11. Outlook and future challenges , References ,

Chapter 2 The impact of Fair Trade on banana producers in Northern Peru , Ricardo Fort and Ruerd Ruben
1. Introduction, 2. Regional context: banana production in Chira Valley, Piura, 3. Selection of banana producers for impact evaluation , 4. Characteristics of banana producers , 5. Matching procedures for measuring the Fair Trade impact, 6. Results, 7. The FT premium, 8. Discussion and conclusions, References, Annex A. Tables, Annex B. Description of variables used., The impact of Fair Trade

Chapter 3 The impact of Fair Trade certification on coffee producers in Peru, Ricardo Fort and Ruerd Ruben
1. Introduction, 2. Regional context and selection of coffee producers for impact evaluation, 3. Characteristics of coffee producers, 4. Matching producers to analyse the impact of Fair Trade, 5. Results, 6. Impact of the FT premium, 7. Discussion and conclusions, References, Annex

Chapter 4, The impact of Fair Trade in banana production of Costa Rica , Guillermo Zuniga-Arias and Fernanado Saenz-Segura
1. Introduction, 2. Fair Trade and bananas , 3. Case studies , 4. Materials and methods , 5. Impact assessment , 6. Discussion and conclusions , References

Chapter 5 Assessment of the effect of Fair Trade on smallholder producers in Costa Rica: a comparative study in the coffee sector, Fernando Saenz-Segura and Guillermo Zuniga-Arias
1. Introduction, 2. Fair Trade as an alternative trade model, 3. Fair Trade coffee, 4. Case studies, 5. Sampling and matching, 6. Results, 7. Discussion and conclusions, References

Chapter 6 The impact of Fair Trade in banana plantations in Ghana: income, ownership and livelihoods of banana workers, Ruerd Ruben and Lucie van Schendel
1. Introduction, 2. Setting , 3. Approach , 4. Results , 5. Discussion and outlook, References, Annex. Behavioural statements

Chapter 7 Fair Trade impact of banana production in El Guabo Association, Ecuador: a production function analysis, Ruerd Ruben, Luud Clercx, Dario Cepeda and Thomas de Hoop
1. Introduction, 2. Setting, 3. Approach, 4. Results, 5. Discussion, References

Chapter 8, The effects of Fair Trade on affiliated producers: case studies from Kenya and Peru, Leonardo Becchetti and Marco Costantino
1. Introduction, 2. Meru Herbs, Kenya, 3. Minka and Allpa, Peru, 4. Conclusions, References

Chapter 9, 'Better, but not great': the social and environmental benefits and limitations of Fair Trade for indigenous coffee producers in Oaxaca, Mexico, Daniel Jaffee
1. Introduction and context, 2. Description of study sites and organisations , 3. Research methods and sampling, 4. Findings: the benefits and limitations of Fair Trade, 5. Discussion, conclusions and implications, References, Annex

Chapter 10 Looking beyond the cooperative: Fair Trade and the income distribution, Robbert Maseland and Albert De Vaal
1. Introduction, 2. Intra-sector analysis, 3. Inter-sectoral effects, 4. Evaluation: the impact of Fair Trade on rural poverty, 5. Conclusion, References

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Fair Trade : Wageningen Academic Publishers : agriculture & forestry : environmental impact : fair trade food : policy : sociology

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