Agricultural Trade Liberalization and the Least Developed Countries
Edited by N Koning and P Pinstrup-Andersen
Although the current round of international trade negotiations was called a 'Development Round', very little was
accomplished before the negotiations stalled in mid-2006.
Hardcover 252 pp ISBN 9781402060793
Softcover 252 pp ISBN 9781402060854
Developing countries as a group stand to gain very substantially from trade reform in agricultural commodities.
It is less clear how the 50 countries identified by the United Nations as the 'Least Developed Countries' (LDCs),
which have been subject to special consideration in international trade negotiations, would fare.
Would they lose their preferential trade access to the OECD markets and, if so, would these losses exceed the
potential gains from liberalized trade? Or would low-income countries that currently receive high prices for
commodities such as sugar in some OECD-country markets be out-competed by countries such as Brazil
in a liberalized market? More generally, would any benefits from liberalized agricultural trade be
captured by middle-income countries with good domestic infrastructure and well-functioning markets,
leaving few or no economic benefits to the LDCs? How should the LDCs prepare for multilateral reform
of agricultural trade, and should they take policy action now in response to the continuation of the
trade-distorting agricultural policies pursued by the OECD countries?
To what extent do the LDCs and the middle-income developing countries have common interests with respect
to the desired outcomes of the trade round? Are the LDCs well represented by the Group of 21,
which consists primarily of middle-income countries with strong export potential in agriculture,
or should they pursue a different set of goals in future negotiations? In this book, several experts
on international trade and development address these and related questions
Of interest to students of agricultural trade and development, trade negotiators, researchers, policy
analysts, policy advisors and policy-makers in both developed and developing countries, and the news media
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