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Urban Wildlife Management -2nd edition

Clark E. Adams; Kieran J. Lindsey; Sara J. Ash 
CRC Press  December 2009  



Hardcover  311  ISBN 9781439804605      £66.00
When the first edition of Urban Wildlife Management was published two years ago, it provided conservationists, ecologists, and wildlife professionals with a welcome shift in the way that interactions between humans and wildlife were viewed and managed. Instead of focusing on ways to evict or eradicate wildlife encroached on by urban development, this unique work took a holistic, ecosystems approach.

The Second Edition updates the original with:

  • New information from secondary data sets
  • Added contributions from an extended list of leading wildlife specialists
  • Original research conducted by the authors and their students
  • New chapters on urban soils, urban waters, and zoonotic diseases
  • More perspective essays and case studies
  • Single species profiles in each chapter that focus on management issues
  • Numerous tables examining trends by species and by region
  • Solutions manual available with qualifying course adoption

Through discussions of past and present approaches in the United States, this Second Edition informs readers about the changing landscape of wildlife management and future approaches. Urban habitats and hazards are defined in terms of green and gray spaces. Sociopolitical issues are discussed in terms of wildlife management, stakeholder responsibilities, and legal considerations. And wildlife are viewed as adaptive inhabitants of an evolving ecosystem rather than as interlopers in a humans only world.

Contents

Introduction: A New Wildlife Management Paradigm

PART I Urban Landscapes

Chapter One Wildlife Management: Past and Present
Key Concepts A Brief History of Wildlife Management in North America Rise of the American Conservation Movement Changing Wildlife Values A New Kind of Wildlife Categorizing Wildlife The Unique Ecology and Behavior of Urban Wildlife Special Challenges for Wildlife Management within Urban Settings Urban Ecosystems Urban Habitats Sociopolitical Factors Special Management Considerations An Urban Species of Special Interest: The Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Pet Raccoons Raccoon Economics Raccoons as Disease Vectors The Urban Raccoon Diet Denning Population Densities Species Profile: Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Two The Changing Landscape of Wildlife Management
Key Concepts Demographic Factors That Set the Stage for Urban Wildlife Management The Separation of People and Nature The Need for Wildlife Management in Urban Areas The Need for Public Education Programs About Urban Wildlife Outcomes of Human-Wildlife Encounters Urbanites Need to Reconnect With the Natural World Urban Wildlife Species Are Increasing, Sometimes to Nuisance Levels Some Insights into the Magnitude of Urban Wildlife Problems Urban Species of Most Concern: National Analysis to Urban Species of Most Concern: Regional Analysis to Economic Impact of Damage to Resources by Urban Wildlife: National Overview Economic Impact of Damage to Resources by Urban Wildlife: Regional Overview Urban Habitats as a Dominant Focus of Wildlife Professionals The Infrastructure for Urban Wildlife Management Is Missing Case Study : Neighborhood Moose Killed by Kindness Species Profile: Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

PART II Urban Ecosystems

Chapter Three Ecological Principles in the Urban Context
Key Concepts Ecological Principles Diversity Interrelationships Cycles Energy Ecosystem Structure Abiotic Structure Biotic Structure Food Chains and Webs Symbiotic Relationships Biotic Communities Urban Flora Urban Fauna Ecosystem Function Biogeochemical Cycles Energy Thermodynamics and Conservation of Matter Ecological Succession Ecosystem Services Species Profile: Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Four Urban Soils
Key Concepts Introduction Soil Formation Soil Structure Soil Horizons Soil Functions Soil Biota and Their Functions Impacts of Urbanization on Soil Structure and Function Structure Modification: Compaction and Surface Crusting Modified Soil Reaction Anthropogenic Materials Increased Soil Temperatures Taking Better Care of Urban Soil Urban Wildlife Management Implications Species Profile: Moles (Talpidae spp ) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Five Urban Waters
Key Concepts Introduction The Flow of Water through an Urban Community Sources Uses Discharge Recycle The Water Cycle-Nature's Filter The Transpiration Loop The Groundwater Loop The Evaporation Loop Caring For the Water Cycle Riparian Corridors: Streams and Rivers Abiotic Effects of Urbanization on Riparian Ecology Pollutants Stream Channelization Biotic Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecology The Aquatic Food Chain Fish as Indicator Species Restoration of Riparian Habitats Urban Wetlands Water Gardens Constructed Wetlands Urban (Community) Fisheries Programs Summary Species Profile: American Beaver (Castor canadensis) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Six Principles of Population Dynamics
Key Concepts Introduction Survival Adaptations Density Factors Affecting Population Densities How Populations Grow Population Growth Rate Patterns Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Population Dynamics Effects of Supplemental Feeding on Population Dynamics Effects of Animal Damage Control Activities on Population Dynamics Effects of Environmental Pollutants on Wildlife Population Dynamics Species Profile: Tree Squirrels (Sciurus spp ) Chapter Activity Literature Cited

PART III Urban habitats and hazards

Chapter Seven Urban Green Spaces
Key Concepts Introduction Green Spaces Remnant Habitat Patches Successional Habitat Patches Managed Habitat Patches Cemeteries Golf Courses Nature Centers Rural versus Urban Wildlife Populations Species Profile: Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Acknowledgment Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Eight Urban Gray Spaces
Key Concepts Introduction Buildings, Windows, and Towers Buildings Windows Communication Towers Wind Towers Roads and Highways Animal Mortality Overpasses, Underpasses, and Escape Routes Structural Design Considerations Bridges, Birds, and Bats Landfills, Dumpsters, and Garbage Cans Organic Waste Accumulations: A Concept Unique to Urban Ecosystems Factors That Promote the Presence of Wildlife at Landfills Standards Used in Landfill Siting Types of Habitats Found in and around Landfills Human-Wildlife Conflicts at Landfills Wildlife Management at Landfills Airports Standards for Airport Siting and Zoning Types of Habitats Found in and around Airports Wildlife Species Attracted to Airport Habitats Human-Wildlife Interactions at Airports Wildlife Management Priorities at Airports Species Profile: Mexican Free-Tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

PART IV Sociopolitical issues

Chapter Nine Human Dimensions in Urban Wildlife Management
Key Concepts Introduction The "People Factor" Conducting Human Dimensions Research Surveying Wildlife Recreationists The Role of Human Dimensions in Urban Wildlife Management Public Participation in Wildlife-Associated Recreation Wildlife Values Quality of Life Issues Human-Wildlife Conflict Issues HD Methods for Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts Case Study : Ducks and Traffic An Urban Species of Special Concern: Urban Coyotes (Canis latrans) What Is an Urban Coyote? Range Expansion Coping with Coyotes-Management Plans Coyote Economics Coyote Control Considerations Species Profile: American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Ten Working with Urban Stakeholders
Key Concepts Inviting Everyone to the Table The Policy Life Cycle What (and Who) Is a Stakeholder? The Changing Face of Wildlife Stakeholders A Guide to Major Stakeholders Government (Public Sector) Federal Tribal Governments State and Territorial Governments Local Governments Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) Academic Institutions The Public Case Study : Stakeholders Disagree on Best Approach for Managing Fallow Deer Species Profile: Black Bear (Ursus americanus) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Eleven Legal Aspects of Urban Wildlife Management
Key Concepts Wildlife Law Federal Laws The Lacey Act of The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of The Animal Damage Control Act of The Endangered Species Act of State Laws County and Municipal Laws Local Ordinances Who Is in Charge Here? Protecting the Health and Safety of All Case Study : Operation Remove Excrement Species Profile: Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

PART V Special management considerations

Chapter Twelve The Ecology and Management Considerations of Selected Species
Key Concepts Introduction Endangered Species Houston Toad (Bufo houstonensis) San Joaquin Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) Florida Key Deer (Odocoileu virginianus clavium) Introduced Species House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) Nutria (Myocastor coypus) Feral Species Pigeons (Columba livia) Free-Ranging Domestic Cats (Felis catus) Free-Ranging Hogs (Sus scrofa) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Thirteen Zoonoses and Management Considerations
Key Concepts What Are Zoonoses? Parasitic Diseases Protozoa Helminths Trematodes (Flukes) Cestodes (Tapeworms) Nematodes (Roundworms) Mycotic Diseases Aspergillosis Histoplasmosis Bacterial Diseases Plague Tularemia Viral Diseases Rabies Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) West Nile Virus (WNV) Prion Diseases Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Scrapie Chronic Wasting Disease Species Profile: American Robin (Turdus migratorius Linnaeus) Chapter Activities Literature Cited

Chapter Fourteen Distribution, Abundance, and Management Considerations of Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer
Key Concepts Introduction Factors That Contributed To Geese and Deer Abundance in Urban America Extent of the Problem: A National Assessment of Human-White-Tailed Deer and Canada Geese Conflicts Objectives and Questions Included in the National Assessment Results of the National Assessment Management Implications of the National Assessment Distribution of Resident Canada Geese and White-Tailed Deer in the Continental United States The Human Response to Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer Ecological Impacts of Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer Health and Safety Issues Related to Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer and Lyme Disease Feasible and Acceptable Management Strategies for Overabundant Resident Canada Geese Avoiding the Problem Getting at the Root Cause Attack the Symptoms Do Nothing Summary

Case Study : A Tale of Two Cities
The Two Cities The Citizen Survey Questionnaire Development The Response Educational Program Development Chapter Activity Literature Cited

Index

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About the first edition

  • Examines trends and consolidates detailed information with numerous tables
  • Enhances and reinforces the text with original photos and figures from the authors and contributors
  • Extracts valuable information from more than 500 professional manuscripts and countless stories in the popular media
  • Covers the human dimension, legal aspects, and stakeholder considerations related to urban wildlife management
  • Offers the first comprehensive list of literature sources relevant to all the issues of urban wildlife management
  • Includes case studies and unique perspective essays to support various concepts

While much has been written about the factors that either promote or prevent proliferation of wildlife in urban settings, forward-thinking professors instructing in this area have had to rely on their own ability to collect information from the published literature. Even then, it has been a challenge to find research that examines the entire picture of human-wildlife interaction, beyond those that focus on problems associated with nuisance urban wildlife.

Urban Wildlife Management is the first comprehensive text to examine the issues that have led to the need for human-wildlife interface management strategies. The book focuses not only on ecological matters, but also incorporates the political, economic, and societal issues relevant to the development of proactive management planning. Synthesizing hundreds of journal articles, as well as countless other sources on urban wildlife management, the book organizes a wealth of material under five subject areas: urban landscapes, urban ecosystems, urban habitats and hazards, sociopolitical issues, and special management considerations.

Urban Wildlife Management educates students in the fundamental principles of ecology required to understand how human-made environments lead to the need for urban wildlife management

Exploring the changing landscape of wildlife management, the authors offer students a historical perspective, along with a look at current trends and future directions of wildlife management. They include selected lessons in ecology relevant to understanding the presence or absence of wildlife species in urban communities. These lessons look at the impacts of urbanization on ecosystem structure and function, including waterways, predation, and population dynamics. Urban habitats are discussed in terms of the unique features of green and gray spaces, urban streams, and urban soils. The book also considers both endangered species and overabundant wildlife populations.
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