Home


Environmental Science and Technology: A Sustainable Approach to Green Science and Technology, Second Edition

Stanley E. Manahan 
CRC Press  October 2006  



hardcover  647 pp  ISBN 9780849395123      £70.00
  • Addresses the roles of the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the geosphere, and the biosphere in the environment
  • Highlights the anthrosphere as a distinct environmental sphere and integral part of the Earth's environment
  • Discusses the importance of bringing green principles into the day-to-day practice of science and technology
  • Delineates the role of green science and technology in sustainable development
  • Defines green chemistry and its role in science in general and sustainable development specifically

Formally established by the EPA nearly 15 years ago, the concept of green chemistry is beginning to come of age. Although several books cover green chemistry and chemical engineering, none of them transfer green principles to science and technology in general and their impact on the future. Defining industrial ecology, Green Science and Technology: A Sustainable Approach to Green Science and Technology provides a general overview of green science and technology and their essential role in ensuring environmental sustainability.

Written by a leading expert, the book provides the essential background for understanding green science and technology and how they relate to sustainability. In addition to the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere traditionally covered in environmental science books, this book is unique in recognizing the anthrosphere as a distinct sphere of the environment. The author explains how the anthrosphere can be designed and operated in a manner that does not degrade environmental quality and, in most favorable circumstances, may even enhance it.

With the current emphasis shifting from end-of-pipe solutions to pollution prevention and control of resource consumption, green principles are increasingly moving into the mainstream. This book provides the foundation not only for understanding green science and technology, but also for taking its application to the next level.

Contents

SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH GREEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  • Sustainability
  • Natural Capital and the Quality of Life
  • Sustainability and the Common Good
  • The Master Equation
  • The Goals and Priorities of Green Science and Technology
  • Green Science
  • Green Technology
  • Life-Cycle Analysis
  • The Eco-Economy and Eco-Efficiency
  • Design for Environment
  • Green Products and Services
  • Twelve Principles of Green Science and Technology

THE FIVE ENVIRONMENTAL SPHERES

  • Introduction
  • The Hydrosphere
  • The Atmosphere
  • The Geosphere
  • The Biosphere
  • The Anthrosphere
  • Cycles of Matter

GREEN CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, AND BIOCHEMISTRY

  • Introduction
  • Introduction to Chemistry Atoms and Elements
  • Elements and the Periodic Table
  • Chemical Compounds and Chemical Bonds
  • Dealing with Matter Quantitatively: The Mole
  • Chemical Reactions and Equations
  • Physical Properties and States of Matter
  • Thermal Properties of Matter
  • Acids, Bases, and Salts
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Green Chemistry
  • Cells: Basic Units of Life
  • Metabolism and Control in Organisms
  • Biochemicals and Biochemistry

WATER: A UNIQUE SUBSTANCE ESSENTIAL FOR LIFE

  • A Fantastic Molecule
  • Water as an Essential Resource
  • Occurrence of Water
  • Water Utilization
  • Standing Bodies of Water
  • Flowing Water
  • Groundwater
  • Impoundment and Transfer of Water
  • Water: A Very Useful Green Substance
  • Water Technology and Industrial Use

AQUATIC BIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY, AND CHEMISTRY

  • Organisms in Water
  • Life in the Ocean
  • Life at the Interface of Seawater with Fresh Water and with Land
  • Freshwater Life
  • Microorganisms in Water
  • Microorganisms and Elemental Transitions
  • Acid-Base Phenomena in Aquatic Chemistry
  • Phase Interactions and Solubility
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Metal Ions and Calcium in Water
  • Complexation and Speciation of Metals

KEEPING WATER GREEN

  • Water Pollution: Green Water May Not Be So Green
  • Nature and Types of Water Pollutants
  • Heavy Metals
  • Inorganic Water Pollutants
  • Organic Water Pollutants
  • Pesticides in Water
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
  • Radioactive Substances in Water
  • Municipal Water Treatment
  • Treatment of Water for Industrial Use
  • Wastewater Treatment
  • Water as a Green Resource
  • Alternative Green Uses of Water
  • Water Technology and Industrial Use
  • Hot Water
  • Supercritical Water

THE ATMOSPHERE: A PROTECTIVE BLANKET AROUND US

  • Living at the Bottom of a Sea of Gas
  • Composition of the Atmosphere
  • The Properties of Gases
  • The Atmosphere as a Medium for the Transfer of Mass and Energy
  • Meteorology
  • Weather
  • Climate
  • Microclimate
  • Atmospheric Particles
  • The Atmosphere as a Reservoir of Natural Capital

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY OF THE ATMOSPHERE

  • Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Photochemical Processes
  • Chain Reactions in the Atmosphere
  • Oxidation Processes in the Atmosphere
  • Acid-Base Reactions in the Atmosphere
  • Air Pollution
  • Environmental Fate and Transport in the Atmosphere
  • Reactions of Atmospheric Oxygen
  • Carbon Oxides
  • Reactions of Atmospheric Nitrogen and its Oxides
  • Sulfur Compounds in the Atmosphere
  • Fluorine, Chlorine, and their Gaseous Inorganic Compounds Water in Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Particles and Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere
  • Photochemical Smog

SUSTAINING AN ATMOSPHERE FOR LIFE ON EARTH

  • Blue Skies for a Green Earth
  • Greenhouse Gases and Global Warming
  • Green Science and Technology to Alleviate Global Warming
  • Drought and Desertification
  • Green Science and Technology to Combat Desertification
  • Acid Precipitation
  • Green Remedies for Acid Precipitation
  • Stratospheric Ozone Destruction
  • Green Solutions to Stratospheric Ozone Destruction
  • Photochemical Smog
  • Catastrophic Atmospheric Events
  • Literature Cited

THE GEOSPHERE

  • The Geosphere
  • The Nature of Solids in the Geosphere
  • The Restless Earth
  • Sediments
  • Interaction with the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere
  • Life Support by the Geosphere
  • Geochemistry
  • Water on and in the Geosphere
  • Economic Ecology
  • Geospheric Resources
  • Geospheric Sources of Useful Minerals
  • Evaluation of Mineral Resources
  • Extraction and Mining
  • Metals
  • Nonmetal Mineral Resources
  • How Long Will Essential Minerals Last?
  • Green Sources of Minerals

SOIL, AGRICULTURE, AND FOOD PRODUCTION

  • Agriculture
  • Soil: Essential for Life, Key to Sustainability
  • Soil Formation and Horizons
  • Soil Macrostructure and Microstructure
  • Inorganic and Organic Matter in Soil
  • Nutrients and Fertilizers in Soil
  • Soil and the Biosphere
  • Wastes and Pollutants in Soil
  • Soil Loss and Deterioration
  • Soil Conservation and Restoration
  • Shifting Cultivation: Slash and Burn
  • Process Intensification in Agriculture
  • Sustainable Agricultural Management
  • Agroforestry
  • Protein from Plants and Animals
  • Agricultural Applications of Genetically Modified Organisms

GEOSPHERIC HAZARDS AND SUSTAINING A GREEN GEOSPHERE

  • Managing the Geosphere
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Surface Processes
  • The Vulnerable Coasts
  • Engineering Geology
  • The Cryosphere and Vanishing Permafrost
  • Construction in the Geosphere
  • Digging in the Dirt
  • Modifying the Geosphere to Manage Water
  • Derelict Lands and Brownfields: Recycling Land

THE BIOSPHERE: ECOSYSTEMS AND BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES

  • Life and the Biosphere
  • Organisms and Green Science and Technology
  • Ecology and Life Systems
  • What is a Biological Community?
  • Physical Characteristics and Conditions
  • Effects of Climate
  • Species
  • Populations
  • Survival of Life Systems, Productivity, Diversity, and Resilience
  • Relationships Among Species
  • Changing Communities
  • Human Effects
  • Human Actions to Preserve and Improve Life on Earth
  • Laws and Regulations
  • Organisms Interacting with Foreign Chemicals
  • Biodegradation

  • TOXIC FFECTS ON ORGANISMS AND TOXICOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Toxic Substances and Green Science and Technology
  • Dose-Response Relationships
  • Relative Toxicities
  • Reversibility and Sensitivity
  • Xenobiotic and Endogenous Substances
  • Kinetic Phase and Dynamic Phase
  • Teratogenesis, Mutagenesis, Carcinogenesis, Immune System Effects, and Reproductive Effects
  • Health Hazards

BIOPRODUCTIVITY FOR A GREENER FUTURE

  • From Biomaterials to Petroleum and Back Again
  • Types of Biomaterials
  • Plant Productivity
  • Genetic Material and its Manipulation
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Biomaterials and Their Processing
  • Feedstocks
  • Glucose Feedstock
  • Cellulose Feedstock
  • Lignin Feedstock
  • Chemical Production by Biosynthesis
  • Direct Biosynthesis of Polymers

THE ANTHROSPHERE AS PART OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT

  • The Earth as Made by Humans
  • Constructs in the Anthrosphere
  • Anthrospheric Flows
  • Anthrospheric Conduits
  • Infrastructure
  • Transportation
  • The Communications Revolution
  • Technology and Engineering
  • Acquisition of Raw Materials
  • Agriculture -The Most Basic Industry
  • Industries
  • Materials Science
  • Automation
  • Robotics
  • Computers and Technology
  • Thinking Small: Micromachines and Nanotechnology
  • High Tech

INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE RESOURCE UTILIZATION

  • Introduction
  • The Old, Unsustainable Way
  • Earth Systems Engineering and Management
  • The Emergence of Industrial Ecology
  • The Five Major Components of an Industrial Ecosystem
  • Industrial Metabolism
  • Materials Flow and Recycling in an Industrial Ecosystem
  • The Kalundborg Industrial Ecosystem
  • Environmental Impacts and Wastes
  • Three Key Attributes: Energy, Materials, Diversity
  • Life Cycles: Expanding and Closing the Materials Loop
  • Life-Cycle Assessment
  • Consumable, Recyclable, and Service (Durable) Products
  • Design for Environment
  • Inherent Safety
  • Twelve Principles of Green Engineering

ADEQUATE, SUSTAINABLE ENERGY: KEY TO SUSTAINABILITY

  • Introduction
  • Nature of Energy
  • Sources of Energy Used in the Anthrosphere
  • Energy Devices and Conversions
  • Green Technology and Energy Conversion Efficiency
  • The Energy Problem
  • World Energy Resources
  • Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources
  • Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Carbon Sequestration for Fossil Fuel Utilization
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Geothermal Energy
  • The Sun: An Ideal, Renewable Energy Source
  • Hydrogen as a Means to Store and Utilize Energy
  • Energy From Moving Air and Moving Water
  • Biomass Energy
  • Combined Power Cycles
To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
CRC Press : bioproducts : chemistry : environmental protection : environmental science : sustainable development : technology : toxins : water science

Terms & Conditions | Privacy Statement

Last Modified 16/12/2013 © CPL Scientific Publishing Services Limited

Search this site Environment Ecology Energy Bioproducts Food Biotechnology Agriculture Biocontrol & IPM Life Sciences Chemistry Business