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The World Food Economy

Douglas Southgate, Douglas H. Graham and Luther Tweeten 
Blackwell  October 2006  



Paperback  416 pp, 29 illus  ISBN 9781405105972      £30.00
The questions of population growth and food supply have long been of central concern to economists. The World Food Economy seeks to examine the lessons of the past for wealthy nations, where agricultural output has steadily risen for decades, as well as for developing nations where the advances of the "Green Revolution" in the 1960s have introduced new problems in addition to solutions. This text assesses the challenge of satisfying food demand during the twenty-first century as consumers and producers in every part of the world - rich and poor alike - feel the effects of expanded global commodity trade, food aid, and national legislation in response to globalization.

  • Examines increases in agricultural output and productivity in both the developed and developing worlds
  • Analyzes the centrality of agricultural development to general economic progress and explores cases where governments attempt to foster economic expansion while neglecting food production
  • Assesses the challenge of satisfying food demand during the twenty-first century, given the effects of globalization on international trade and national legislation.

Contents

Part I: Introduction

    1.1 Our Focus
    1.2 Chapter Outline
    Study Questions

Part II: The Demand Side: How Population Growth and Higher Incomes Affect Food Consumption

    2.1 Classic Malthusianism, its Modern Variants, and its Critiques
    2.2 Demographic Transition
    2.3 Trends in Human Numbers, Past and Present
    2.4 Food Consumption and Income
    2.5 Demand Trends and Projections
    2.6 Summary and Conclusions
    Study Questions
    Appendix: The Fundamental Economics of Demand

Part III: The Supply Side: Agricultural Production and its Determinants

    3.1 The Nature of Agriculture
    3.2 Increases in Agricultural Supply
    3.3 Has Intensification Run its Course?
    3.4 Trends in Per-Capita Consumption
    Study Questions
    Appendix: The Fundamental Economics of Supply

Part IV: Aligning the Consumption and Production of Food over Time

    4.1 The Desirability of Competitive Equilibrium
    4.2 The Market Impacts of Commodity Programs
    4.3 Historical Trends in the Scarcity of Agricultural Products
    4.4 Outlook for the Twenty-First Century
    Study Questions
    Appendix: The Coordination of Decentralized Decision-Making

Part V: Agriculture and the Environment

    5.1 Environmental Trade-Offs
    5.2 Market Failure
    5.3 Environmental Deterioration in the Absence of Agricultural Intensification
    5.4 Agricultural Development and the Environment
    Study Questions

Part VI: Globalization and Agriculture

    6.1 The Theory of Comparative Advantage
    6.2 The Net Costs of Trade Distortions
    6.3 The Debate over Globalization
    6.4 Agricultural Trade: Recent Trends and the Current Debate
    6.5 Why Not More Trade?
    Study Questions
    Appendix: A Two-Country Illustration of Comparative Advantage

Part VII: Agriculture and Economic Development

    7.1 Growth and Economic Structure
    7.2 Agriculture's Role in Economic Development
    7.3 Trying to Develop at Agriculture's Expense
    7.4 Agricultural Development for the Sake of Economic Growth and Diversification
    7.5 Summary and Conclusions
    Study Questions

Part VIII: Striving for Food Security

    8.1 What is Food Security?
    8.2 Who and Where Are the Food-Insecure?
    8.3 Achieving Food Security
    8.4 The Food Security Synthesis and Economic Development
    8.5 The Standard Model, Communitarian Values, and Economic Equity
    Study Questions

Part IX: A Synopsis of Regional Trends in the Global Food Economy

    9.1 Economic Growth and Income Distribution
    9.2 Population Dynamics
    9.3 Agriculture's Response to Demand Growth
    9.4 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part X : Affluent Nations

    10.1 Standards of Living
    10.2 Population Dynamics
    10.3 The Food Economy
    10.4 Dietary Change and Consumption Trends
    10.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XI: Asia

    11.1 Trends in GDP per Capita
    11.2 Population Dynamics
    11.3 Agricultural Development
    11.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security
    11.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XII: Latin America and the Caribbean

    12.1 Trends in GDP per Capita
    12.2 Population Dynamics
    12.3 Agricultural Development
    12.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security
    12.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XIII: Middle East and North Africa

    13.1 Trends in GDP per Capita
    13.2 Population Dynamics
    13.3 Agricultural Development
    13.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security
    13.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XIV: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

    14.1 Patterns of Economic Growth since the Fall of Communism
    14.2 Demographic Trends
    14.3 The Agricultural Sector
    14.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security
    14.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XV: Sub-Saharan Africa

    15.1 Trends in GDP per Capita
    15.2 Demographic Trends
    15.3 Agricultural Development
    15.4 Consumption Trends and Food Security
    15.5 Summary
    Study Questions
    Tables

Part XVI: The Food Economy in the Twenty-First Century

    16.1 Victims of Our Own Success?
    16.2 The New Food Economy
    16.3 The Changing Role of Government
    Study Questions
    Abbreviations and Acronyms
    Map Annex
    References

Index

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