The Handbook of Environmental Voluntary Agreements - Design, Implementation and Evaluation Issues

Edited by Edoardo Croci 
Springer  2005  

Hardback  391 pp  ISBN 9781402033551      £117.00
Environmental voluntary agreements (VAs) between regulators and polluters are becoming an increasingly relevant environmental policy instrument, thanks to their flexibility and consensual character. These agreements can assume a wide variety of forms and aims. Efficiency conditions and effectiveness in their use depend on their design, rules of implementation and framework conditions.

The book provides a comprehensive economic theory and analysis of environmental voluntary agreements, which takes into account the variety of forms and application situations characterizing this environmental policy instrument. Common methodologies, implementation rules and evaluation criteria for researchers, policy makers and business operators in the use of environmental voluntary agreements are discussed.

Case analysis complements the theoretical analysis. A European and an American approach to VAs are distinguished, and cases in China and Australia are also included. National and sector experiences are investigated in order to consider the full range of applications which the flexibility of VAs allows. Opportunities and risks in the use of VAs are examined. Their evaluation, also in comparison and in conjunction with other policy tools, is performed. VAs are still an instrument in evolution, so the trends in their design and enforcement rules are considered.

The authors are mainly economists and law scholars from Universities, research centers, environmental agencies and international institutions. The book is destined to researchers, scholars and graduate and post-graduate students. Most contributions can be of great interest also for environmental officers in various Public Administration administrative and technical bodies and for environmental managers and consultants.

Of interest to researchers, students (graduate and post-graduate in environmental economics, policy and management), policy makers at national and local levels, firm and industrial association practitioners



1. Voluntary agreements in environmental policy.

  • The economics of environmental voluntary agreements; E. Croci.
  • Corporate self-regulation and multi-stakeholder dialogue; P. A. Mazurkiewicz.
  • 2. The poltical economy of voluntary agreements.

    • Voluntary agreements in a rent-seeking environment; M. Glachant.
    • Aspects of the political economy of environmental voluntary agreements - a meta study; L.G. Hansen.
    • 3. The European and the American approach to environmental voluntary agreements.

      • The evolution of environmental agreements at the level of the European Union G. Schnabl.
      • The use of voluntary approaches for environmental policymaking in the U.S. K. Brouhle, C. Griffiths and A. Wolverton.
      • Negotiated regulation, implementation and compliance in the United States. N.A. Ashford and C.C. Caldart.
      • 4. Design, negotiation and implementation of environmental voluntary agreements: national and sector approaches.

        • Efficiency standards versus negotiated agreements in the European electrical appliance sector; P. Menanteau.
        • Implementing the duty of acceptance in Flemish waste policy: the role of environmental voluntary agreements; M. de Clercq and R. Bracke.
        • Environmental voluntary agreements in Portugal: characterisation and implementation; M. Cabugueira.
        • Designing energy conservation voluntary agreements for the industrial sector in China: experience from a pilot project with two steel mills in Shandong Province; L. Price, E. Worrell and J. Sinton.
        • 5. Evaluation of environmental voluntary agreements.

          • On the assessment of environmental voluntary agreements in Europe: lessons to be learned from a comparative case study analysis; M. de Clercq and R. Bracke.
          • Environmental voluntary agreements in the Dutch context; H. Bressers and T. de Bruijn.
          • Analysing the effectiveness of an environmental voluntary agreement: the case of the Australian national packaging covenant; R.L. Burritt, H. Lewis and K. James.
          • Towards an integrated performance indicator for (energy) benchmarking covenants with industry; J. Couder and A. Verbruggen.
          • 6. Environmental voluntary agreements in policy mixes.

            • Environmental agreements used in combination with other policy instruments; N.A. Braathen.
            • Using the benchmarking covenant for allocating emission allowances: are we still moving ahead? A.W.N. van Dril.
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            Springer : environmental science : handbooks : policy

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