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Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya

Edited by Gunde-Cimerman, Nina; Oren, Aharon; Plemenitas, Ana 
Springer  2005  



Hardback  577 p.  ISBN 9781402036323      £207.00
This book intends to provide an overview of current research on halophilic microorganisms, highlighting the diversity of life forms adapted to tolerate high salt concentrations and low water activities. Most of the 35 chapters are based on lectures presented during the international symposium "Halophiles 2004", held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in September 2004. Descriptions of the diverse high-salt environments in which halophiles are found are followed by sections devoted to the properties of halophilic Archaea, of halophilic and halotolerant Bacteria, and of different groups of salt-loving Eukarya, including fungi, algae and protozoa. Extensive information is provided about fungi adapted to life at high salt concentrations, a group that was poorly known until very recently. This volume is intended for researchers and students interested in a wide range of disciplines in the life sciences: from microbial ecology and adaptation of microorganisms to life in extreme environments to genomics, biotechnology, and astrobiology.

Of interest to university libraries, research workers in microbial physiology, ecology and taxonomy, limnologists dealing with hypersaline lakes, biotechnological companies interested in exploiting extremophilic microorganisms.

Contents

Foreword; J. Seckbach
Introduction; N. Gunde-Cimerman, A. Oren, A. Plemenitas

SECTION I. THE ENVIRONMENTS AND THEIR DIVERSITY

  • Microbial diversity of Great Salt Lake; B.K. Baxter, C.D. Litchfield, K. Sowers, J.D. Griffith, P.A. DasSarma; S. DasSarma
  • Microbial communitites in the Dead Sea € past, present and future; A. Oren, I. Gavrieli, J. Gavrieli, M. Kohen, J. Lati, M. Aharoni
  • Microscopic examination of microbial communitires along a salinity gradient in saltern evaporation poonds: a €halophilic safari€; A. Oren
  • The microbial diversity of a solar saltern on San Francisco Bay; C.D. Litchfield, M. Sikaroodi, P.M. Gillivet
  • Diversity of microbial communities: the case of solar salterns; C. Pedrós-Alió
  • Isolation of viable haloarchaea from ancient salt deposits and application of fluorescent stains for in situ detection of halophiles in hypersaline environmental samples and model fluid inclusions; S. Leuko, A. Legat, S. Fendrihan, H. Wieland, C. Radax, C. Gruber, M. Pfaffenhuemer, G. Weidler, H. Stan-Lotter
  • Hydrocarbon degredation under hypersaline conditions. Some facts, some experiments and many open questions; H. Patzelt
  • The relevance of halophiles and other extremophiles to Martian and extraterrestrial environments; J. Seckbach Halophiles: a terrestrial analog for life in brines on Mars € Halophiles on Mars; R.L. Mancinelli

SECTION II. ARCHAEA

  • Comparative genomic survey of information transfer systems in two diverse extremely halophilic Archaea, Halobacterium sp. strain NRC-1 and Haloarcula marismortui; B.R. Berquist, J. Soneja, S. DasSarma
  • Walsby's square archaeon; it's hip to be square but even more hip to be culturable; H. Bolhuis Gene regulation and the initiation of translation in halophilic Archaea; F. Pfeifer, P. Zimmermann, S. Scheuch, S. Sartorius-Neef
  • Protein translation, targeting and translocation in Haloferax volcanii; J. Eichler, G. Ring, V. Irihimovitch, T. Lichi, I. Tozik, Z. Konrad
  • Enzymes of halophilic Archaea. Recent findings on ureases and nucleoside diphosphate kinases; T. Mizuki, R. Usami, M. Kamo, M. Tanokura, M. Kamekura
  • Osmoadaptation in methanogenci Archaea: recent insights from a genomic perspective; K. Pflüger, H. Wieland, V. Müller

SECTION III. BACTERIA

  • Salinibacter ruber: genomics and biogeography; J. Antón, A. Peña, M. Valens, F. Santos, F.-O. Glöckner, M. Bauer, J. Dopazo, J. Herrero, R. Rosselló-Mora, R. Amann
  • What we can deduce about metabolism in the moderate halophile Chromohalobacter salexigens from its genomic sequence; L.N. Csonka, K. O'Connor, F. Larimer, P. Richardson, A. Lapidus, A.D. Ewing, B.W. Goodner, A. Oren
  • K+ transport and its role for osmoregulation in a halophilic memberof the Bacteria domain: characterization of the K+ uptake systems from Halomonas elongate; H.-J. Kunte
  • The chloride regulon of Halobacillus halophilus: a novel regulatory network for salt perception and signal transduction in bacteria; V. Müller, S.H. Saum
  • Biosynthesis of the compatible solute mannosylglycerate from hyperthermophiles to mesophiles. Genes, enzymes and evolutionary perspectives; M.S. da Costa, N. Empadinhas
  • Genes and enzymes of ectoine biosynthesis in the haloalkaliphilic obligate methanotroph "Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z"; A.S. Reshetnikov, V.N. Khmelenina, I.I. Mustakhimov, Y.V. Ryzhmanova, Y.A. Trotsenko
  • Halophilic Archaea and Bacteria as a source of extracellular hydrolytic enzymes; A. Ventosa, C. Sánchez-Porro, S. Martín, E. Mellado
  • Biopolyester production: halophilic microorganisms as an attractive source; J. Quillaguamán, B. Mattiasson, R. Hatti-Kaul

SECTION IV. FUNGI

  • Relation of halotolerance to human pathogenicity in the fungal tree of life: an overview of ecology and evolution under stress; G. Sybren de Hoog, P. Zalar, B. Gerrits van den Ende, N. Gunde-Cimerman
  • Halotolerant and halophilic fungi from coastal environments in the Arctics; N. Gunde-Cimerman, L. Butinar, S. Sonjak, M. Turk, V. Ursic, , P. Zalar, A. Plemenitas
  • Halotolerant and halophilic fungi and their extrolite production; J.C. Frisvad
  • Introducing Debaryomyces hansenii, a salt-loving yeast; J. Ramos
  • Cellular responses in the halophilic black yeast Hortaea werneckii to high environmental salinity; A. Plemenitas, N. Gunde-Cimerman
  • Halotolerance and lichen symbioses; M. Grube, J. Blaha

SECTION V. ALGAE

  • A century of Dunaliella research: 1905-2005; A. Oren
  • Molecular determinants of protein halotolerance: structural and functional studies of the extremely salt tolerant carbonic anhydrases from Dunaliella salina; L. Premkumar, M. Volkovitsky, I. Gokhman, J.L. Sussman, A. Zamir

SECTION VI. PROTOZOA

  • Hetrotrophic protozoa from hypersaline environments; G. Hauer, A. Rogerson
  • Heterotrophic flagellates in hypersaline waters; B.C. Cho

SECTION VII. VIRUSES

  • Haloviruses and their hosts; M.L. Dyall-Smith, D.G. Burns, H.M. Camakaris, P.H. Janssen, B.E. Russ, K. Porter

Subject Index
Organism Index
Author Index

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