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Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications

Edited by Hans-Joachim Jördening and Josef Winter 
Wiley  December 2004  



Hardcover  488 pp  ISBN 9783527305858      £150.00
A deeper insight into the complex processes involved in this field, covering the biological, chemical and engineering fundamentals needed to further develop effective methodologies.

The book devotes a detailed chapter to each of the four main areas of environmental biotechnology -- wastewater treatment, soil treatment, solid waste treatment, and waste gas treatment -- dealing with both the microbiological and process engineering aspects.

Contents

Preface.
List of Contributors.

1 Bacterial Metabolism in Wastewater Treatment Systems (Claudia Gallert and Josef Winter).

  • Introduction.
  • Decomposition of Organic Carbon Compounds in Natural and Manmade Ecosystems.
  • Nitrogen Removal During Wastewater Treatment.
  • Enhanced Biological Phosphate Removal.
  • Biological Removal, Biotransformation, and Biosorption of Metal Ions from Contaminated Wastewater.
  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Degradation of Xenobiotics.
  • Bioaugmentation in Wastewater Treatment Plants for Degradation of Xenobiotics. References.

2 Industrial Wastewater Sources and Treatment Strategies (Karl-Heinz Rosenwinkel, Ute Austermann-Haun, and Hartmut Meyer).

  • Introduction and Targets.
  • Wastewater Flow Fractions from Industrial Plants.
  • Kinds and Impacts of Wastewater Components.
  • General Processes in Industrial Wastewater Treatment Concepts.
  • Wastewater Composition and Treatment Strategies in the Food Processing Industry.
  • References.

3 Activated Sludge Process (Rolf Kayser).

  • Process description and historical development.
  • Technological and microbiological aspects.
  • Plant Configurations.
  • Design procedure.
  • References.

4 Modeling of Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Processes (Mogens Henze).

  • Introduction.
  • Purpose of Modeling.
  • Elements of Activated Sludge Models.
  • Presentation of Models.
  • The Activated Sludge Models Nos. 1, 2 and 3 (ASM1, ASM2, ASM3).
  • Wastewater Characterization.
  • Model Calibration.
  • Computer Programs.
  • Use of Models.
  • References.

5 High-rate Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment (Hans-Joachim Jördening and Klaus Buchholz).

  • Introduction.
  • Basic Principles.
  • Reactor Design Parameters.
  • Reactor Operation.
  • Conclusions.
  • References.

6 Modeling of Biogas Reactors (Herbert Märkl).

  • Introduction.
  • Measuring Techniques.
  • Kinetics.
  • Hydrodynamic and Liquid Mixing Behavior of the Biogas Tower Reactor.
  • Mass Transport from the Liquid Phase to the Gas Phase.
  • Influence of Hydrostatic Pressure on Biogas Production.
  • Outlook. References.

7 Aerobic Degradation of Recalcitrant Organic Compounds by Microorganisms (Wolfgang Fritsche and Martin Hofrichter).

  • Introduction: Characteristics of Aerobic Microorganisms Capable of Degrading Organic Pollutants.
  • Principles of Bacterial Degradation.
  • Degradative Capacities of Fungi.
  • Conclusions. References.

8 Principles of Anaerobic Degradation of Organic Compounds (Bernhard Schink).

  • General Aspects of Anaerobic Degradation Processes.
  • Key Reactions in Anaerobic Degradation of Certain Organic Compounds.
  • Concluding Remarks.
  • References.

9 Soil Remediation and Disposal (Michael Koning, Karsten Hupe, and Rainer Stegmann).

  • Introduction.
  • Thermal Processes.
  • Chemical/Physical Processes.
  • Biological Processes.
  • Disposal.
  • Utilization of Decontaminated Soil.
  • Conclusions.
  • References.

10 Bioremediation by the Heap Technique (Volker Schulz-Berendt).

  • Introduction.
  • Principles of the Heap Technique.
  • Different Heap Techniques.
  • Efficiency and Economy.
  • References.

11 Bioreactors (René H. Kleijntjens and Karel Ch. A. M. Luyben).

  • Introduction.
  • Bioreactors.
  • Slurry Bioreactors.
  • Solid-State Bioreactors.
  • Comparison of Bioreactors.
  • Conclusions and Outlook.
  • References.

12 In-situ Remediation (T. Held and H. Dörr).

  • Introduction.
  • Investigations.
  • Remediation Technologies.
  • Monitoring.
  • Outlook.
  • References.

13 Composting of Organic Waste (Frank Schuchardt).

  • Introduction.
  • Waste Materials for Composting.
  • Fundamentals of Composting Process.
  • Composting Technologies.
  • Composting Systems.
  • Compost Quality.
  • References.

14 Anaerobic Fermentation of Wet and Semidry Garbage Waste Fractions (Norbert Rilling).

  • Introduction.
  • Basic Aspects of Biological Waste Treatment.
  • Processes of Anaerobic Waste Treatment.
  • Conclusions.
  • References.

15 Landfill Systems, Sanitary Landfilling of Solid Wastes, and Long-term Problems with Leachate (Kai-Uwe Heyer and Rainer Stegmann).

  • Introduction.
  • Biochemical Processes in Sanitary Landfills.
  • Sanitary Landfilling and Leachate Control Strategies.
  • Long-term Problems with Leachate.
  • Controlled Reduction of Leachate Emissions.
  • References.

16 Sanitary Landfills: Long-term Stability and Environmental Implications (Michael S. Switzenbaum).

  • Introduction.
  • Integrated Waste Management.
  • Land Disposal.
  • Leachate and Gas Management.
  • Summary and Conclusions. References.

17 Process Engineering of Biological Waste Gas Purification (Muthumbi Waweru, Veerle Herrygers, Herman Van Langenhove, and Willy Verstraete).

  • Introduction.
  • Biological Waste Gas Purification Technology.
  • Performance Parameters.
  • Characteristics of the Waste Gas Stream.
  • Process Principles.
  • Reactor Performance.
  • Reactor Control.
  • Perspectives.
  • Acknowledgments.
  • References.

18 Commercial Applications of Biological Waste Gas Purification (Derek E. Chitwood and Joseph S. Devinny).

  • Background.
  • Applications.
  • References.

19 Perspectives of Wastewater, Waste, Off-gas and Soil Treatment (Claudia Gallert and Josef Winter).

  • Introduction.
  • Wastewater Handling.
  • Solid Waste Handling.
  • Off-gas Purification.
  • Soil Remediation.
  • Drinking Water Preparation.
  • Future Strategies to Reduce Pollution and Conserve a Natural, Healthy Environment.

Subject Index.

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Wiley : anaerobic digestion : bacteriology : biotechnology : environmental science : methane : remediation : waste treatment : water science

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