Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 1: A Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya

Edited by A Hilbeck, D Andow 
CABI  October 2004  

Hardback  304 pp  ISBN 9780851998619      £95.00
This book is
  • Essential reference for those interested in the environmental impact of GMO's
  • Written by internationally-recognised experts
  • Original and unique scientific contribution to this controversial issue
International forums have identified the need for comprehensive, transparent, scientific methods, for the pre-release testing and post-release monitoring of transgenic plants to ensure environmental safety. There is also wide recognition that the regulatory and scientific capacity for conducting these types of assessments needs to be strengthened.

In response to these requirements, a GMO Guidelines Project was established - under the aegis of the International Organization for Biological Control - to develop biosafety testing guidelines for transgenic plants. This book is one of the first outputs from this project. The book aims, using the case study of Bt maize, to detail generic approaches to the evaluation of environmental impact of GM technologies.

This book focuses on transgenic maize in Kenya. This maize includes genetic material derived from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which naturally produces proteins that are toxic to some insects. The book explores both the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic plants. It draws out general risk assessment guidelines, and demonstrates the need for case-by-case analysis. Although focused on Kenya and Bt Maize, the book's findings and recommendations are relevant and applicable to a multitude of nations and GM crops.

Readership: Crop science, biotechnology, ecology, pest management and policy analysis


  • Bt Maize, Risk Assessment and the Kenya Case Study, D A Andow and A Hilbeck
  • The Maize Agricultural Context in Kenya, L Muhammad, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya and E Underwood, Swiss Federal College of Technology, Switzerland
  • Problem Formulation and Options Assessment (PFOA) for Genetically Modified Organisms: The Kenya Case Study, K C Nelson, University of Minnesota, USA, G Kibata, L Muhammad, and J O Okuro, KARI, Kenya, F Muyekho, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Kenya, M Odinho, Community Capacity Building Initiative, Kenya, A Ely, University of Sussex, UK, and J M Waquil, EMBRAPA, Brazil
  • Transgene Locus Structure and Expression of Bt Maize, D A Andow, D A Somers, University of Minnesota, USA, N Amugene, University of Nairobi, Kenya, F Aragao, EMBRAPA, Brazil, K Ghosh, FAO of the UN, Italy, S Gudu, Moi University, Kenya, E Magiri, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya, W J Moar, Auburn University, USA, and E Osir, ICIPE , Kenya
  • Biodiversity and Non-Target Impacts: a Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya, A N E Birch and R Wheatley, Scottish Crop Research Institute, UK, B Anyango, University of Nairobi, Kenya, S Arpaia, ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment, Italy, D Capalbo, EMBRAPA, Brazil, E Getu Degaga, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organisation, Ethiopia, D E Fontes, EMBRAPA, Brazil, P Kalama, KARI, Kenya, E Lelmen, ICIPE, Kenya, G Lovei, Danish Institute of Agricultural Science, Denmark, I S Melo, EMBRAPA, Brazil, F Muyekho, A Ngi-Song and D Ochieno, ICIPE, Kenya, J Ogwang, Namulonge Agricultural Research Institute, Uganda, R Pitelli, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil, T Schuler, Rothamsted Research, UK, M Sétamou, ARS-USDA,USA, S Srinivasan, ICIPE, Kenya, J Smith, CAB International Centre (Egham), UK, N Van Son, Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam, J Songa, KARI, Kenya, E Sujii, EMBRAPA, Brazil, T Q Tan, Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam, F-H Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China, and A Hilbeck
  • Gene Flow and its Consequences: a Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya, J Johnston, University of Minnesota, USA, L Blancas, University of California, Irvine, USA and A Borem, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
  • Resistance Risks and Management Associated with Bt Maize in Kenya, G Fitt, CSIRO Entomology, Australia, D A Andow, Y Carrière, The University of Arizona, USA,W A Moar, T H Schuler, C Omoto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil, J Kanya and M A Okech, ICIPE, Kenya, P Arama, Maseno University, Kenya, and N K Maniania, ICIPE, Kenya
  • Risk Assessment of Bt Maize in Kenya: Synthesis and Recommendations, A Hilbeck, D A Andow, A N E Birch, G Fitt, J Johnston, K Nelson, E Osir, J Songa, E Underwood and R Wheatley
To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Bacillus thuringiensis : CABI : cereals : genetically modified organisms : plant genetics : plant science : risk assessment

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