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Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants into Wild Relatives

Edited by H C M den Nijs, D Bartsch, J Sweet 
CABI  July 2004  



Hardback  432 pp  ISBN 9780851998169      £110.00
This book:
  • Explores the debate over the introduction of transgenic plants in agriculture, particularly with respect to whether such crops can be introduced safely and their impact on plant genetic resources that are present in related wild type species
  • Assesses the effects of genetic interactions between closely related gene pools on the ecological and evolutionary future of wild taxa
  • Presents existing literature in an accessible manner and highlights future possible avenues of research
Introgression is the incorporation of a gene from one organism complex into another as a result of hybridization. A major concern with the use of genetically modified plants is the unintentional spread of the new genes from cultivated plants to their wild relatives and the subsequent impacts on the ecology of wild plants and their associated flora and fauna.

The book reviews these issues, focusing on the ecological and evolutionary effects of introducing GM cultivars. It presents current knowledge of crop-wild relatives hybridization and introgression, and the measurement and prediction of their consequences. As a result it represents a major contribution to the debate about the risks of GM crops and measures, such as post commercialisation monitoring, required to determine the longer term impacts of GM crops on ecosystems.

The book presents edited and revised presentations given at a conference of the same name, organised in January 2003 by the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) and the Robert Koch Institute (Germany), on behalf of the European Science Foundation funded program for Assessment of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Plants (AIGM ).

Readership: Researchers in plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology; plant ecology and evolution

Contents

Introduction and the AIGM Research Project, J. Sweet, H.C.M. den Nijs and D. Bartsch

SECTION 1: HYBRIDIZATION IN CROP-WILD-PLANT COMPLEXES
Hybridization in nature: lessons for the introgression of transgenes into wild relatives, P.H. van Tienderen
Introgressive hybridization between invasive and native plant species - a case study in the genus Rorippa (Brassicaceae), W. Bleeker
Hybrids between cultivated and wild carrots: a life history, T.P. Hauser, G.K. Bjorn, L. Magnussen and S.I. Shim
Gene exchange between wild and crop in Beta vulgaris: How easy is hybridization and what will happen in later generations?, H. Van Dijk
Hybridization between wheat and wild relatives, Y. Jacot, K. Ammann, P.R. Al Mazyad, C. Chueca, J. David, J. Gressel, I. Loureiro, H. Wang and E. Benevente
Molecular Genetic Assessment of the Potential for Gene Escape in Strawberry, a Model Perennial Study Crop, A.L. Westman, S. Medel, T.P. Spira, S. Rajapakse, D.W. Tonkyn and A.G. Abbott
Gene flow in forest trees: Gene migration patterns and landscape modelling of transgene dispersion in hybrid poplar, G.T. Slavov, S.P. DiFazio and S.H. Strauss
Implications for hybridization and introgression between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and wild turnip (B. rapa) from an agricultural perspective, C. Norris, J. Sweet, J. Parker and J. Law
Asymmetric gene flow and introgression between domesticated and wild populations, R. Papa and P. Gepts
Crop-to-wild gene flow in rice and its ecological consequences, B.-R. Lu, S. Zhi-Ping and C. Jia-Kua
Potential for gene flow from herbicide-resistant GM soybeans to wild soy in the Russian Far East, D. Dorokhov, A. Ignatov, E. Deineko, A. Serjapin, A. Ala and K. Skryabin
Analysis of gene flow in the lettuce crop-weed complex, C. van de Wiel, A. Flavell, N. Syed, R. Antonise, J.R. van der Voort and G. van der Linden

SECTION 2 GENE FLOW: INTROGRESSION AND ADOPTION OF GENES
Introgression of cultivar beet genes to wild beet in the Ukraine, O. Slyvchenko and D. Bartsch
Crop/wild interaction within the Beta vulgaris complex: a comparative analysis of genetic diversity between sea beet and weed beet populations within the French sugar beet production area, J. Cuguen, J.-F. Arnaud, M. Delescluse and F. Viard
Crop/wild interaction within the Beta vulgaris complex: Agronomic aspects of weed beet in the Czech Republic, J. Soukup and J. Holec
A protocol for evaluating the ecological risks associated with gene flow from transgenic crops into their wild relatives: the case of cultivated sunflower and wild Helianthus annuus, D. Pilson, A.A. Snow, L.H. Rieseberg and H.M. Alexander
A review on interspecific gene flow from oilseed rape to wild relatives, A.-M. Chèvre, H. Ammitzboll, B. Breckling, A. Dietz-Pfeilstetter, F. Eber, A. Fargue, Cé.Gomez-Campo, E. Jenczewski, R. Jorgensen, C. Lavigne, M.S. Meier, H.C.M. den Nijs, K. Pascher, G. Séguin-Swartz, J. Sweet, C.N. Stewart Jr. and S. Warwick
Gene introgression and consequences in Brassica, R.B. Jorgensen, H. Ammitzboll, L.B. Hansen, M. Johannessen, B. Andersen and T.P. Hauser
Transgene expression and genetic introgression associated with the hybridization of GFP transgenic canola (Brassica napus L.) and wild accessions of bird rape (Brassica rapa L.), M.D. Halfhill, S.I. Warwick and C.N. Stewart, Jr.

SECTION 3 IMPACT AND CONSEQUENCES OF NOVEL TRAITS
Insect resistant transgenic plants and their environmental impact, R.S. Hails and B. Raymond
Risk assessment of genetically modified undomesticated plants, A. Wennström
A tiered approach to risk assessment of virus resistance traits based on studies with wild Brassicas in England, D.W. Pallett, M.I. Thurston, M.-L. Edwards, M. Naylor, H. Wang, M. Alexander, A. J. Gray, E. Mitchell, A.F. Raybould, J.A. Walsh, J. Ian Cooper
Environmental and agronomic consequences of herbicide-resistant (HR) canola in Canada, S. I. Warwick, H.J . Beckie, M.J. Simard, A. Légère, H. Nair and G. Séguin-Swartz

SECTION 4 MONITORING: FIELD STUDIES,MODELLING AND SCIENTIFIC STANDARDS FOR REGULATION
Prospects of a hybrid distribution map between GM Brassica napus and wild B. rapa across the United Kingdom, M. Wilkinson, L. Elliott, J. Allainguillaume, C. Norris, R. Welters, M. Alexander, G. Cuccato, J. Sweet, M. Shaw and D. Mason
Potential and limits of modelling to predict the impact of transgenic crops in wild species, C. Lavigne, C. Devaux, A. Deville, A. Garnier, E.K. Klein, J. Lecomte, S. Pivard and P.H. Gouyon
Introgression of GM plants and the EU Guidance note for Monitoring, H.C.M. den Nijs and D. Bartsch

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
CABI : genetically modified organisms : genetics : hybridization : introgression : plant science

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