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The Environmental Science of Drinking Water

Patrick Sullivan, Franklin Agardy and James Clark 
Butterworth-Heinemann  August 2005  



Hardback  384 pp  ISBN 9780750678766      £48.00
This book
  • Addresses the international problems of outdated standards and the overwhelming onslaught of new contaminants.
  • Includes new monitoring data on non-regulated chemicals in water sources and drinking water.
  • Includes a summary of different bottled waters as well as consumer water purification technologies.
In today's chemically dependent society, environmental studies demonstrate that drinking water in developed countries contains numerous industrial chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and chemicals from water treatment processes. This poses a real threat. As a result of the ever-expanding list of chemical and biochemical products industry, current drinking water standards that serve to preserve our drinking water quality are grossly out of date.
Environmental Science of Drinking Water demonstrates why we need to make a fundamental change in our approach toward protecting our drinking water. Factual and circumstantial evidence showing the failure of current drinking water standards to adequately protect human health is presented along with analysis of the extent of pollution in our water resources and drinking water. The authors also present detail of the currently available state-of-the-art technologies which, if fully employed, can move us toward a healthier future.

Readership: Environmental engineers, geologists, hydrologists, professionals and practitioners in public health, science policy, ecology, soil science, agronomy, public health, natural resource management, urban planning, environmental consultants, public interest groups and county, city, state and federal state regulatory agencies.

Contents

Foreward
Preface
Acknowledgements

1. The Water We Drink
Natural Water
Water and the Public Health
References

2. Water Pollution
Human Waste and Pollution
Industrial Pollution
Wastewater Control and Treatment
Nonpoint Sources of Water Pollution
Pollution Sources and Water Quality
Summary
References

3. Water Protection
The Basics of Water Supply
Basic Water Treatment
Beyond Basic Water Treatment
An Issue of Equality
Chemical Monitoring and Warnings for Regulated Pollutants
The National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database
Unregulated Pollutants and Monitoring Regulations
Setting New Drinking Water Standards
Why Consumers Should be Concerned
Approaches to Mitigate Chemical Exposure
Water Pollution and Risk
References

4. Living with the Risk of Polluted Water
The Burden of Proof
Permissible Pollution
The Dose Makes the Poison
Basic Concepts of Dose
Mechanism of Toxicity
Biotransformation and Detoxification
Toxicity and Defining Standards
Timing is Everything
Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
Pharmaceutical Pollutants
Pharmaceuticals Detected in the Environment
Living with Risk
Population, Pollution, Risk, and Precaution
The Risk Assessment Process
Summary
References

5. Managing Risk and Drinking Water Quality
Learning from the Past and Present
Risk and Economics
An Alternative Approach
Consumer-Based Protection
Potential Action by the Water Industry
Potential Governmental Actions
An Alternative Risk Management Program
References

Appendix 1-1 Average Elemental Abundance in the Earth€s Crust
Appendix 1-2 Chemical Compounds with Established Water Quality Criteria
Appendix 1-3 USEPA National Recommended Water Quality Criteria for Freshwater and Human Consumption of Water + Organism: 2002
Appendix 2-1 Dow Industrial Chemicals, Solvents and Dyes in 1938
Appendix 2-2 USEPA List of Priority Pollutants
Appendix 2-3 Summary of Surface Water Data
Appendix 2-4 Summary of Shallow Groundwater Data
Appendix 2-5 Organic Chemicals Found in Landfill Leachate and Gas Appendix 2-6 Unregulated Pollutants Discharged to or Identified in Water Resources
Appendix 2-7 Chemicals Known to the State of California to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity
Appendix 2-8 Regulated Pesticides in Food with Residue Tolerances
Appendix 2-9 Comparison of Chemicals Required to be Monitored in Groundwater by RCRA
Appendix 3-1 General Drinking Water Monitoring and Warning Requirements (as of 2002)
Appendix 3-2 National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database Data on Primary Water Quality Standards (May 18, 2001)
Appendix 3-3 National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database: Data on Unregulated Compounds
Appendix 3-4 Examples of Bottled Mineral Water Chemistry
Appendix 3-5 Examples of Bottled Water Chemistry
Appendix 3-6 Trace Element Analysis of Mineral Waters (ppb) That Appear in Either
Appendix 3-4 or Appendix 3-5
Appendix 4-1 Glossary of Terms Adapted from the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) (1993)
Appendix 4-2 Chemical Examples on the Toxicology of Drinking Water Standards
Appendix 4-3 Suspected Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
Appendix 4-4 U.S. Geological Survey Target Compounds, National Reconnaissance of Emerging Contaminants in U.S. Streams (2000)


Glossary
Index

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Butterworth Heinemann : chemistry : environmental science : human health : regulations : water science

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