Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Plant Organelles - Chloroplasts and Mitochondria
Edited by H Daniell and C Chase
Plant organelles have intrigued biologists since the discovery of their endosymbiontic origin and maternal
inheritance. The first application of organelle biotechnology was the role of cytoplasmic male sterility in hybrid
seed production and "Green Revolution". In modern times, plant organelles are again leading the way for the
creation of genetically modified crops. On a global scale, 75% of GM crops are engineered for herbicide
resistance and most of these herbicides target pathways that reside within plastids. Several thousand proteins
are imported into chloroplasts that participate in biosynthesis of fatty acids, amino acids, pigments, nucleotides
and numerous metabolic pathways including photosynthesis. Thus, from green revolution to golden rice, plant
organelles have played a critical role in revolutionizing agriculture.
Hardcover 659 pp ISBN 9781402027130
This book details not only basic concepts and current understanding of plant organelle genetics and molecular
biology but also focuses on the synergy between basic biology and biotechnology. Forty four authors from nine
countries have contributed twenty four chapters containing many figures and tables.
This book is designed to serve as a comprehensive volume and reference guide for teachers, advanced
undergraduates and graduate students and researchers in plant molecular biology and biotechnology.
Section 1 - on organelle
genomes and proteomes discusses molecular features of plastid and mitochondrial genomes, evolutinary
origins, somatic and sexual inheritance, proteomics, bioinformatics and functional genomics.
Section 2 - on organelle gene expression and signalling discusses transcription, translation, RNA processing/editing,
introns and splicing, protein synthesis, proteolysis, import of proteins into chloroplast and mitochondria
and their regulation.
Section 3 - on organelle biotechnology discusses chloroplast and nuclear genetic engineering
for biotic/abiotic stress tolerance, improved fatty acid/amino acid biosynthesis, biopharmaceuticals,
biopolymers and biomaterials, cytoplasmic male sterility for hybrid seed production, plant improvement
and restoration of fertility.
To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
: genetically modified organisms
: molecular biology
: plant science