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Bast and other plant fibres

Edited by R R Franck 
Woodhead  March 2005  



Hardback  432 pp  ISBN 9781855736849      £165.00

Bast and other plant fibres, a title in Woodhead Publishing's series on fibres published in association with The Textile Institute, UK, is the first book in over 50 years to cover the most interesting plant fibres and those with high annual production. Bast fibres have many textile applications, with natural fibre composites being the fastest growing due to the combination of their relatively low cost and excellent technical characteristics.

Following the editor's introductory chapter, which includes a comprehensive set of tables comparing the physical and chemical characteristics of the fibres, Chapter 2 discusses jute while Chapters 3 and 4 cover flax and hemp. Subsequent chapters are devoted to ramie, sisal, coir and abaca. Chapter 9 brings together information on minor fibres that may deserve greater interest on the part of international markets, while Chapter 10 is dedicated to the use of bast and leaf fibres in composites. Information is included on production and processing, physical and chemical properties, and on economic, environmental, and health and safety considerations.

This book will be an essential reference to academics and researchers in agriculture and horticulture as well as those working in textiles, apparel and industrial design, and textile testing and forensic science laboratories. It will also be invaluable to those working in government departments such as agriculture or trade and industry.

Contents

  • Introduction R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - Introduction - Fibre prices - The Food and Agricultural Organisation€s statistics - Comparative data on the physical and chemical characteristics of bast and leaf fibres - Appendix: Comparative physical, chemical and morphological characteristics of certain fibres
  • Jute K B Krishnan, I Doraiswamy, K. P. Chellamani, SITRA, India
    - Introduction - Fibre production and early processing - Physical and chemical properties - Yarn production - Fabric production, end-uses and specifications - Dyeing and finishing - Economic and cost considerations - Market development - Environmental health and safety considerations - Acknowledgements - Appendices - A; Jute€s allied fibre: kenaf, roselle and urena - B; Jute world fibre production - C; Recent developments in retting methods - D; Non-textile uses of jute - E; Jute testing instruments developed by SITRA - Bibliography - Glossary of terms
  • Flax J Salmon-Minotte, Masters of Linen, France and R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - Introduction - The flax plant - Physical and chemical characteristics of flax fibres - Cultivation and harvesting - Scutching - Yarn preparation and spinning - Weaving - Knitting - Fabric desizing, bleaching, dyeing and finishing - Apparel manufacture, products and applications - Economic and cost considerations - Marketing - Environmental and health & safety considerations - Conclusion and future trends - Appendices - A; Comparison of flax fibre yield in various countries - B; World cotton production - C; Flax cultivars: textile flax varieties approved by the EU - D; Relationships between different common yarn count systems - E; The European Union€s flax subsidy scheme (2003) - F; Contractual relationships between flax growers and their customers in France - G; Comparative labour costs - H; €Masters of linen€: Technical criteria for finished products - References - Glossary of terms
  • Hemp Part 1 J Sponner, L Toth, S Cziger, Hungary and R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - Introduction: hemp in Hungary - Hemp varieties and their cultivation - Physical and chemical characteristics of hemp - Primary processing of hemp stalks: fibre separation - Hemp spinning and spinning machinery - Weaving - Fabric finishing - Production of other hemp products - Environmental and health and safety considerations - Production and market trends - Conclusion
  • Hemp Part 2 J Sponner, L Toth, S Cziger, Hungary and R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - Present trends - Future trends - Bibliography - Glossary of terms
  • Ramie R Kozlowski, M Rawluk and J Barriga-Bedoya, Institute of Natural Fibres, Poland
    - Introduction and history - Classification and description - Properties of the ramie fibre - Cultivation and harvesting - Primary processing - Spinning - Weaving and finishing - Applications of Ramie - Conclusion - Appendices: A; Degumming: recipe and process, B; Non-textile uses of ramie - References - Bibliography - Glossary of terms
  • Sisal (and henequen) C Yu, Donghua University, China
    - Introduction: the plant and its anatomy - Chemical and physical fibre structure - Chemical treatment of sisal fibre - Production and early processing - Production and machinery - Products and applications - Economic and cost considerations - Marketing and consumption - Appendices - A Non-textile applications of sisal - B Testing sisal fibres for stiffness and compression - References and bibliography - Glossary of terms
  • Coir P M Mathai, Coir Board, India
    - Introduction and history - Chemical and physical fibre structure - Fibre production and early processing - Yarn production and machinery - Bleaching, dyeing, printing and finishing - Fabric production - Products and applications - Handle and wear characteristics - Economic and cost considerations - Marketing - Production and consumption - Environmental health and safety considerations - Conclusion - Appendices - A; Non-textile coir products - B; Chemical composition of new and old coconut fibres - C; World coir production 1964-2003 - D; The manufacture of coir mats - E; Indian coir manufacturers and exporters trade associations - F; Quality codes and specifications of important varieties of coir mats and mattings - Glossary of terms
  • Abaca R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - The plant and its cultivation - The fibres - Early processing - Textile manufacture and end uses - Production - Appendix: The uses of Philippines grades of abaca fibre for various end uses - Glossary of terms
  • Pineapple C Yu, Donghua University, China, R R Franck, Consultant, UK
  • Curaua R Ladchumananandasivam, Brazil, R R Franck, Consultant, UK
  • Craua (caroa), Macambira R R Franck, Consultant, UK
  • Nettle G Edom and J Dreyer, UK
  • Sunn hemp, Mauritius hemp and fique R R Franck, Consultant, UK
  • Bast and leaf fibre composite materials J Müssig, Faserinstitut Bremen e.V, M Karus, European Industrial Hemp Association, Germany and R R Franck, Consultant, UK
    - Introduction and background - The market, demand and supply - The influence of fibre properties and the possibilities of measuring essential fibre characteristics - Manufacturing - The future, trends and conclusions
  • List of fibre producing plants H Prendergast, Royal Botanical Garden, and R R Franck, Consultant, UK
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Woodhead Publishing Ltd : biocomposites : chemistry : economics : fibre : health and safety : plant fibre : textiles

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