Biotic Response to Global Change

Stephen J Culver 
Cambridge University Press  July 2000  

Hardback  516 pp  ISBN 9780521663045      £100.00

Paperback  516 pp  ISBN 9780521034197      £57.00
Concern about the effects of global change on our planet's future has driven much current research into the last few thousand years of earth history. In contrast, this volume takes a much longer viewpoint to provide a historical perspective to recent and future global change. Over 40 international specialists investigate the reaction of life to global environmental changes, from Cretaceous times to the present day. During this time earth's climate has changed from a very warm, 'greenhouse' phase with no significant ice sheets to today's 'ice-house' world. A wide spectrum of animal, plant and protistan life is discussed, encompassing terrestrial, shallow-marine and deep-marine realms. Each chapter considers a particular taxonomic group, looking first at the general picture and then focusing on more specialised aspects such as extinctions, diversity and biogeography. This volume will form an invaluable reference for researchers and graduate students in paleontology, geology, biology, oceanography and climatology. The contents of which, following a preface and introduction, are as follows:

  • The Cretaceous world
  • The Cenozoic world
  • Calcareous nannoplankton and global climate change
  • Phenotypic Response of Foraminifera to episodes of global environmental change
  • The response of planktonic formanifera to the late Pliocene intensification of northern hemisphere glaciation
  • The response of Cretaceous cephalopods to global change
  • Global change and the fossil fish record: the relevance of systematics
  • Response of shallow water foraminiferal paleocommunities to global and regional environmental change
  • Intrinsic and extrinsic controls on the diversificationof the Bivalvia
  • Global events and biotic interaction as controls on the evolution of gastropods
  • Algal symbiosis and the collapse and recovery of reef communities: Lazarus corals across the K-T boundary
  • Changes in the diversity, taxic composition and life-history patterns of echinoids over the past 145 million years
  • Origin of the modern Bryozoan fauna
  • Angiosperm diversification and Cretaceous environmental change
  • Cenozoic evolution of modern plant communities and vegetation
  • Leaf physiognomy and climate change
  • Biotic response to late Quaternary global change - the pollen record: a case study from the Upper Thames Valley, England
  • The Cretaceous and Cenozoic record of insects (Hexapods) with regard to global change
  • The palaeoclimatological significance of Late Cenozoic Coloeoptera: familiar species in very unfamiliar circumstances
  • Amphibians, reptiles and birds: a biogeographical review
  • Paleogene mammals: crises and ecological change
  • Response of Old World terrestrial vertebrate biotas to neogene climate change
  • Mammalian response to global change in the later quaternary of the British Isles
  • Human evolution: how an African primate became global
  • The biotic responses to global change: a summary
  • References
  • Index.

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Cambridge University Press : biogeography : climate change : climatology : environmental impact : environmental science : evolution : plant science

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