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Environmental impact of textiles

Keith Slater 
Woodhead Publishing  June 2003  



Hardback  240 pages  ISBN 9781855735415      £150.00

Published in association with The Textile Institute

Environmental impact of textiles examines what effects all phases of textile production and use have on the environment, from growing or making fibres to discarding a product after its useful life has ended. It looks at the physical environment affected by these processes, including resource depletion, pollution and energy use; the biological environment, by considering what happens as a result of manufacture, and the social environment as it impinges on our psychological, physical and physiological comfort, as well as our financial well-being.

It pulls together a wide range of examples drawn from a diverse collection of sources and integrates them to form a new and coherent set of ideas. This comprehensive approach has not been undertaken before and has never previously been associated with textile production and use.

In addition to its analysis of the environmental impact of textile manufacturing activity, the book also considers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment whether by air pollution, wind, water and other agents.

Environmental impact of textiles provides a complete survey of how developments in the textile industry and consumers of its products have affected the environement in the past. The book also covers the most recent solutions adopted by the industry in the hope that some alleviation of the problems can be achieved without sacrificing high textile production targets and the ways in which the industry is responding to the environmental challenge. It will be an essential reference for anyone involved and concerned with its future environmental footprint.

About the author

Professor Keith Slater is Adjunct Professor in the School of Engineering at the University of Guelph, Canada, with a specialisation in textile science. He has published around 300 scientific papers, 14 books and is a keen writer of plays, novels and short stories. He has also acted in numerous films, radio and TV programmes.

Contents



Chapter 1: Structure and stability of the ecosystem

The ecosystem
Life
Necessities of life
Other species
Land hazards
Dust
Atomic radiation
The earth's environment
Environmental balance
The textile industry

Chapter 2: The health of our planet
Planetary stability
Natural factors
Human interference
Changes occurring

Chapter 3: The nature of textiles
Properties
Textiles as engineering materials
Principles of textile manufacture
Energy

Chapter 4: Textile fibre production
Scope of the industry
Natural fibre production
Artificial fibre production
Alternative fibre sources
Inorganic fibres
Microbiologically stable fibres
Effects on the planet

Chapter 5: Yarn production
Starting material state
Washing
Scouring
Bleaching
Carbonising
Drying needs
Baling
Transportation
Opening
Carding
Blending
Combing and grilling
Drawing
Spinning
Noise and dust

Chapter 6: Fabric production
Traditional fabric production methods
Other methods

Chapter 7: Fabric treatment processes
Starting material
Finishing categories
Mechanical finishing
Chemical treatments
Other finishes
Colouration
Pollution aspects
Printing
Drying and shipping

Chapter 8: Use of textiles
Primary and secondary production
Types of use
Normal uses
Environmental aspects
Household textiles
Industrial and medical uses

Chapter 9: Environmental protection
Commitment
Protective applications
Legislation
Future prospects
Financial benefits
Costs; Drawbacks
Recycling
Pollution measurement problems
Environmental auditing

Chapter 10: Effects of natural exposure
Influences
Degradation
Atmospheric influences
Radiation
Changes occurring
Infrared radiation
Other types of radiation
Mechanical action
Mechanical stress in manufacture
Mechanical stress in use
Prediction of effects
Degradative combinations
Magnitude of textile environmental damage contributions

Chapter 11: Thermal exposure
Intensity
Static drying
Stenters
New equipment
Problems
Novel approaches
Flammability

Chapter 12: Chemical and microbiological attack
Reagents
Fibre type
Planned attack
Microbiological attack

Chapter 13: Protection of, or by, textiles from environmental damage
Aspects
Maintenance
Degradation during use
Chemical treatments
Protection of humans
Modern developments
Non-clothing protective needs
Protection for the environment
Desirable properties

Chapter 14: Conclusions
Appendices:

Cotton scouring with enzymes
Wool scouring with enzymes
Bleaching with peroxide
Sizing and desizing
Pollution reduction in dyeing
Medical applications of textiles
Textile filters
Sporting goods and other uses
Effluent treatment
Recycling

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Woodhead Publishing Ltd : bioproducts : environmental impact : fibre : organic waste : textiles : waste treatment

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