Biology of Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Volume 4

Edited by Igor Tikhonovich, Ben Lugtenberg and Nikolai Provorov 
APS Press  November 2004  

Hardcover  633 pp, 160 b+w illus  ISBN 0965462536      £128.00

This new volume provides a comprehensive summary of the current status of research in plant-microbe interactions as presented at the 11th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. These papers include information on nearly all the major crops cultivated throughout the world and on the major trends in the modern research of plant-microbe interactions, including molecular dialogue of partners, integration of plant and microbial metabolic pathways, and development of novel cellular and tissue structures during interactions.

The common mechanisms regulating mutualistic and pathogenic interactions are discussed, making it possible to examine them in the same genetic and molecular terms. The growing body of evidence on the mechanisms of plant resistance to pathogens and on plant susceptibility to beneficial microbes gives new insights into improving these important properties in major crops. Traditional applications for molecular plant-microbe interactions in agriculture (e.g., N2 fixation in legume-rhizobia symbioses and the improvement of plant phosphorous nutrition by arbuscular mycorrhizae) are broadly covered in the book. Special attention is paid to biocontrol of pathogens with microbial pesticides based on plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and on symbiotic fungi. The preparation and application of inoculants, the genetic and ecological consequences of releasing modified strains, and use of the microbial tools for plant engineering are also discussed.

This volume is useful for a wide audience of researchers specializing in molecular biology, genetics, different areas of microbiology and plant science, agrochemistry, and soil biology. The review papers written by the leading specialists in molecular plant-microbe interactions will be useful for specialists and students in agricultural production and related specialties.


Introductory papers
Molecular plant-microbe interactions: new bridges between past and future (editorial remarks); Plant-microbe interactions: fundamental and applied research in Russia (Organizing Committee Chairman's presentation)

Signaling and recognition in plant-pathogen systems
Molecular basis of bacterial innate immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana; Pepper Bs3 and tomato Bs4 - distinct molecular principles for perception of highly related Xanthomonas AvrBs3 and AvrBs4 proteins; Different signals induce pathogenic and saprophytic fungal spore germination; Genomic organization of resistance factors against scab (Venturia inaequalis), powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha) and fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) in apple; Herbivore-induced resistance: differential effectiveness against a set of microbial pathogens in Arabidopsis thaliana

Cellular mechanisms of plant-microbe interactions
Beneficial symbionts: host control (symposium remarks); Proteome analysis of root responses to rhizobia signalling molecules; Analysis of protein expression profiles in Sinorhizobium meliloti in planta and under nutritional stress using large-scale proteomics; Three strains of tobacco mosaic virus Kazakh isolate: correlation between biological properties and coat protein structure; Induction of apoptotic cell response in oats against various stressors; Azorhizobial functions required for invasion during nodule initiation on Sesbania rostrata

Plant-virus interactions
Involvement of apoptotic cell death in development of bacterial rot disease caused by Pseudomonas cichorii; Viruses, microRNAs and development in plants; Involvement of the nucleolus in umbravirus systemic infection; Translational activation of potato virus X RNA by binding of movement protein to one end of the virion; The key role of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) in plant-potyvirus interactions; RNA silencing suppressors encoded by hordeiviruses; The cap-binding protein, eIF4E, controls susceptibility to Lettuce mosaic potyvirus in Arabidopsis thaliana and lettuce

Bacterial virulence
Bacterial virulence factors and pathogenesis; Mechanisms of bacterial virulence (symposium remarks); Molecular biology and control of exopolysaccharide synthesis by Erwinia amylovora and related plant pathogens; Pseudomonas syringae: functional genomics and plant pathogenicity; Comparative genomics of Xanthomonas strains; The plant pathogenic phenotype in Streptomyces species: a new paradigm?

Type III secretion in pathogenic bacteria
Bacterial type III secretion in pathogenesis; Bacterial type III effectors and their secretion (symposium remarks); Type III effector proteins from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria; Plant targets for Xanthomonas campestris type III cysteine protease effectors; Evolutionary and functional genomics of host specificity in Pseudomonas syringae; Pseudomonas syringae type III secretion: chaperones, translocators, and effectors that suppress programmed cell death; What type III effector proteins is Xanthomonas injecting into a plant cell during pathogenesis?

Virulence in plant-fungal pathosystems
Molecular signaling in the interactions between toxigenic pathogenic fungi and plants; Plant-fungal pathogenesis, mechanisms of virulence (symposium remarks); Tailor-made toxin target controlling the specificity of ACR-toxin; Characterisation of avirulence in the apple scab fungus; Functional characterisation of appressorial specific proteins from Phytophthora infestans; Plant resistance to Phytophthora based on the sterol composition; Genetic analysis of disease susceptibility in the Arabidopsis thaliana-Peronospora parasitica interaction; Evolution of secondary metabolism in plant pathogenic fungi (Round Table summary); Rust haustoria as sink in plant tissues or how to survive in leaves

Local/systemic resistance
The roles of Pseudomonas type III effectors AvrPto and AvrPtoB as modulators of plant disease susceptibility and immunity; Molecular mechanism of systemic acquired resistance; Jasmonate and ethylene signals in plant defence; Signaling during rhizobacteria-induced systemic resistance in Arabidopsis; Identification of disease resistance in Arabidopsis independent of systemic acquired resistance; Signal signature of Arabidopsis induced upon pathogen and insect attack

Mechanisms of plant defence
Molecular basis of plant response to microbial invasion; Differential gene expression between avirulent and virulent Meloidogyne incognita isogenic lines; Identification of genes involved in the resistance response of tomato against the leaf mold pathogen Cladosporium fulvum; Signal transduction involved in elicitation of phytoalexin synthesis in onion (Allium cepa) cells; Comparative and functional genomics of plant pathogenic fungi; Genetic and molecular mechanisms of barley resistance to Pyrenophora teres Drechs; Anion channels are upstream components of a signalling cascade leading to defence responses; Insights into plant defense strategies by studying PGIPs, polygalacturonases and oligogalacturonides

Evolution of plant defence
mRNA expression profiling of the Arabidopsis flg22-triggered innate immune response and the Avr9/Cf-9 response in tobacco; Enhanced durability and utility of genes for resistance by deployment in cultivar mixtures; SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1Moss as a model system for studies on plant-pathogen interactions; Control of polygalacturonase activity by PGIP restrict fungal invasion; Functional aspects of R genes assessed by expression profiling/flagellin recognition and FLS2; Origin and maintenance of the RPW8 disease resistance locus in Arabidopsis; unctions and evolution of an Arabidopsis insect resistance QTLs

Co-evolution and breeding in fungal pathosystems
Approaches to achieve durable resistance; Importance of studies of co-evolutionary processes in plants and their pathogens (symposium remarks); Characterization of genetic structure of the fungus population, Magnaporthe grisea, in Guangdong province, China; Founder effect in population of Venturia inaequalis caused by the breakdown of the resistance gene Vf in apple; Molecular variation and sensitivity to fungicides in Fusarium graminearum

Molecular plant-nematode interactions
Plant-nematode interactions; Secrets in secretions: analysis of the parasitome of Heterodera glycines; An enhanced expression of Hs1pro-1 in feeding sites is required for initiation of resistance to the beet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii Schmidt); Plant cell wall modifications in potato cyst nematode parasitism; Plant genes involved in giant cell formation induced by root-knot nematodes in Arabidopsis and Medicago

Biocontrol of pathogens
Microbial control of tomato foot and root rot; Molecular aspects of biocontrol traits (symposium remarks); Chitinase system and its involvement in the antifungal activity of Bacillus cereus 28-9; Biocontrol of Fusarium oxysporum and Verticillium dahliae on tomato and cucumber by Serratia marcescens; The rhizosphere microbial community of cotton grown in semi-arid region; Interactions between Pseudomonas biocontrol strains and Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici in the tomato rhizosphere; The chemical composition and functions of Azospirillum extracellular polysaccharidic complexes

Signaling in beneficial plant-microbe interactions
Arabidopsis thaliana: usefull for functional analysis of ENOD40?; Symbiosis and defense: two sides of one coin; Nod factor hydrolysis by non-nodulating pea mutants blocked at different symbiotic stages; Diffusible factors from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicit early nodulin gene expression in Medicago truncatula; Lectin apyrases and lectin receptor kinases: proteins potentially playing a role in the legume-rhizobia symbiosis; Cell-to-cell communication and enod40 action in nodule organogenesis

Developmental impacts of plant-microbe symbioses
Plant-microbe interactions - a tool for studying plant development; Plant cell cycle rearrangements under the microbe influence. An overview on plant cell cycle regulation, specific aspects of plant development and plant-microbe interactions (symposium remarks); Control of cell cycle during nodule development; Systemic regulation of nodulation by a leaf-controlled LRR-receptor kinase; Reactive oxygen species and ethylene mediate nodule initiation at lateral root bases of Sesbania rostrata; A unique pea (Pisum sativum L.) mutant impaired in nodule, leaf and flower development; Manipulation of plant root cells by sedentary nematodes: molecular insights

Hormonal regulation of plant-microbe interactions
Changes elicited by Rhizobium inoculation in expression of genes influenced by phytohormone levels; Hormonal regulation in plant-microbe symbioses (symposium remarks); Salicylic acid signaling in plant defense: the lipid connection; Phytohormones in cyanobacteria: occurrence and perspectives; Role of fungal auxin in the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis; Mutants of Agrobacterium radiobacter 5D1 impaired in inlole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, and association with non-legume plants

Biochemistry of beneficial plant-microbe interactions
Genetics and genomics of nutrient deprivation-induced, microaerobic and symbiotic gene expression in Sinorhizobium meliloti; Regulation of rhizobial life in symbiosis; Foraging for meaning - postgenome approaches to Sinorhizobium meliloti; Role of bacterial phosphatidylcholine in symbiotic and pathogenic interactions

Diversity of plant-microbe interactions
Phosphate assimilation in Sinorhizobium meliloti; Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 as a model for nitrogen-fixing grass endophytes; Differential colonization of rice varieties by the endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azoarcus sp. BH72: is plant defence involved?; Phase variable effects of Pseudomonas brassicacearum on Arabidopsis thaliana root architecture; Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi harbor endocellular bacteria; Tissue specificity of endophyte development in EpichloŽ/Neotyphodium symbioses with grasses

Molecular dialogue in arbuscular mycorrhiza: exploring the symbiotic cell programme; ESTs from the extra-radical mycelium of Glomus intraradices; A mycorrhiza-inducible plant chitinase accelerates the life cycle of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Comparative functional genomics of arbuscular mycorrhizal tomato and Medicago roots using microarray and in silico approaches; The maize nope1 gene involved in pre-symbiotic recognition of roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Plant symbiotic genes
Novel symbiotic organelles in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis; Integration of plant and microbial genetic systems in symbiosis; Genetic reorganisation of legume transport and metabolism during symbiotic nitrogen fixation; Ds gene tagging in Lotus japonicus; NORK, a single transmembrane receptor kinase plays a central role in the signal transduction pathway of nodulation; Pea (Pisum sativum L.) regulatory genes controlling development of nitrogen-fixing nodule and arbuscular mycorrhiza; A new pea (Pisum sativum L.) cadmium tolerant mutant is a unique tool for studying molecular plant-microbe interactions under cadmium stress

Microbial tools for plant engineering
Agrobacterium-plant interactions: unfinished business and continuing surprises; Welcome to the Symposium on Agrobacterium; Mutational analysis of the channel forming protein, VirE2 of Agrobacterium tumefaciens; Agrobacterium extracellular structures involving in transfer of genetic information; Search for sequences homologous to Agrobacterium T-DNA in different plant genomes; Consequences of insect protection of maize on Fusarium susceptibility; Analysis of physiological processes in plants by means of expression of introduced bacterial genes

Plant-microbe molecular entity in soil
Common mechanisms in beneficial and deleterious host-microbe interactions; Symbiotic type III protein secretion systems; In vivo markers to study cytoskeleton dynamics during plant- microorganism interactions; Isolation and characterization of a gene involved in control of nodulation competitiveness of Sinorhizobium meliloti strain CXM1-105; N-acyl homoserine lactones of rhizosphere bacteria trigger systemic resistance in tomato plants; The role of bacterial ACC deaminase in promoting the plant growth; Role of site-specific recombinases and motility in alfalfa rhizosphere colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescens F113; Character of massetolide-A production by biocontrol strain Pseudomonas sp. MF-30

Microbes in sustainable agriculture
Improving the legume-rhizobia symbiosis: can genomics and molecular genetics help?; Field release experiments using Sinorhizobium meliloti strains tagged with a luciferase gene; Moving out: role of recombination in horizontal gene transfer in Rhizobium; Conjugative transfer symbiotic DNA in rhizobia; Molecular ecology strategies to investigate the behaviour of GM and non-modified biocontrol inoculants in the rhizosphere; Infection and Release Model is used to analyze the fate of modified rhizobia in the field; Rhizobial inoculant technology in North America; Production and application efficiency of the biopreparations based on rhizobacteria (PGPR)

Appendix MPMI in University Education (Round Table summary)

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
American Phytopathological Society : Autumn 2004 : Rhizobium : beneficials : biological control : biopesticides : integrated crop protection : microbiology : mycology : mycorrhizae : plant pathology : plant science : sustainable agriculture : symbiosis

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