Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Edited by Haraldur Sigurdsson, Bruce Houghton, Hazel Rymer, John Stix, Steve McNutt
Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features
of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic
beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous
advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic
eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present
knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth,
it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of
volcanic eruptions--both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects. The majority
of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat
source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting
magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). In addition, complementary chapters discuss the
multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal
energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism,
mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on
organismal biodiversity. In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional
and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information
resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic
hazard mitigation around the world.
Hardbound 1417pp ISBN 9780126431407
R.D. Ballard, Foreword. Origin and Transport of Magma: H. Sigurdsson, B. Houghton,
H. Rymer, J. Stix, and S. McNutt, Introduction. H. Sigurdsson, The History of Volcanology.
R. Jeanloz, Mantle of the Earth. P. Asimov, Melting the Mantle. M. Daines, Migration of
Melt. M. Perfit and J. Davidson, Tectonics and Volcanism. N.W. Rogers and C.J.
Hawkesworth, Composition of Magmas. T.L. Grove, Origin of Magmas. P.J. Wallace
and A.T. Anderson, Volatiles in Magmas. F.J. Spera, Physical and Thermodynamic
Properties of Magmas. B.D. Marsh, Reservoirs of Magma and Magma Chambers. M.J.
Rutherford and J. Gardner, Rates of Magma Ascent. C. Carrigan, Plumbing Systems.
C. Jaupart, Magma at Shallow Levels. Eruption: T. Simkin and L. Siebert, Active
Volcanoes on the Earth. D.M. Pyle, Sizes of Volcanic Eruptions. H. Sigurdsson,
Episodes of Volcanism. Effusive Volcanism: G.P.L. Walker, Basaltic Volcanoes and
Volcanic Systems. C. Kilburn, Lava Flows. J. Fink and S. Anderson, Domes and
Coulees. J. Wolff and J. Sumner, Spatter-Fed Lavas and Fire-Fountaining. C.
Conner and M. Conway, Basaltic Volcanic Fields. P. Hooper, Flood Basalt Provinces.
R. Batiza and J. White, Submarine Lavas and Hyaloclastite. R. Schmidt and H.-U.
Schmincke, Seamounts, Submarine Volcanoes, and Volcanic Islands. J. Smellie,
Sub-Glacial Eruptions. Explosive Volcanism: Cashman, B. Sturtevant, P. Papale, and
O. Navon, Magmatic Fragmentation. M.M. Morrisey, B. Zimoriski, K. Wohletz, and
R. Buettner, Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation. S. Vergniolle and M. Mangan, Strombolian
and Hawaiian Eruptions. M.M. Morrissey and L.G. Mastin, Vulcanian Eruptions. Cioni,
P. Marianelli, R. Santecroce, and A. Sbrana, Plinian Eruptions. J.D.L. White and B.
Houghton, Pyroclastic Eruptions. B.F. Houghton, C.J.N. Wilson, R.T. Smith, and J.S.
Gilbert, Phreatoplinian Eruptions. S. Carey and M.I. Bursik, Volcanic Plumes. C.J.N.
Wilson and B.F. Houghton, Pyroclastic Transport and Deposition. B.F. Houghton, C.J.N.
Wilson, and D.M. Pyle, Fall Deposits. G. Valentine and R.V. Fisher, Deposits of Surges
and Directed Blasts. A. Freundt, S.N. Carey, and C.J.N. Wilson, Ignimbrites and Deposits
of Block-and-Ash Flows. J.W. Vallance, Lahar Deposits. T. Ui and M. Yoshimoto,
Debris Avalanche Deposits. S. Carey, Volcaniclastic Sedimentation Around Island Arces.
P.W. Lipman, Calderas. J.P. Davidson and S. Da Silva, Composite Cones. D.
Vespermann and H.U. Schmincke, Scoria Cones and Tuff Rings. Extraterrestrial
Volcanism: P.D. Spudis, Volcanism on the Moon. R. Lopes-Gautier, Volcanism on IO.
L. Crumpler, Volcanism on Venus. J.R. Zimbelman, Volcanism on Mars. P. Geissler,
Cryovolcanism in the Outer Solar System. Volcano Interactions: P. delMelle and J. Stix,
Volcanic Gases. F. Goff and C. Janik, Geothermal Systems. P. Browne and M. Hochstein,
Surface Manifestations. D. Butterfield, Submarine Hydrothermal Vents. P. delMelle and
A. Bernard, Volcanic Lakes. N.C. White and R.J. Harrington, Mineral Deposits
Associated with Volcanism. Volcanic Hazards: T.P. Miller and T.J. Casadevall,
Volcanic Ash Hazards to Aviation. M.J. Mills and O.B. Toon, Volcanic Aerosol and
Global Atmospheric Effect. S. Nekada, Hazards from Pyroclastic Flows and Surges.
D. Peterson and R.I. Tilling, Lava Flow Hazards. K. Rodolfo, Lahars and Jokulhlaup
Hazards. H. Rymer and G. Williams-Jones, Volcanic Gas Hazards. J.E. Beget,
Volcanic Tsunamis. S.R. McNutt, Volcanic Seismicity. P. Baxter, Impacts of Eruptions
on Human Health. M. Arthur, The Volcanic Contribution to the Sulfur and Carbon
Geochemical Cycle. I. Thornton, The Ecology of Volcanoes-Biological Recovery and
Colonization. M. Rampino and S. Self, Volcanism and Biotic Extinction. Eruption
Response and Mitigation: S.R. McNutt, Seismic Monitoring. J.B. Murray, C.A. Locke,
and H.Rymer, Ground Deformation, Gravity, and Magnetics. J. Stix and H. Gaonach,
Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring. S. McNutt, J. Stix, and H. Rymer, Synthesis of
Volcano Monitoring. C. Newhall, Volcano Warnings. S. de la Cruz, R. Quaas, and R.
Meli, Volcanic Crisis Management. R. Blong, Volcanic Hazards and Risk Management.
D. Johnson and K. Ronan, Risk Education and Intervention. Economic Benefits and
Cultural Aspects of Volcanism: S. Arnorsson, Exploitation of Geothermal Resources.
C-l. Ping, Volcanic Soils. J. Dehn and S.R. McNutt, Volcanic Materials for
Commerce and Industry. H. Sigurdsson and R. Lopes-Gautier, Volcanoes and Tourism.
S. Harris, Archaeology and Volcanism. H. Sigurdsson, Volcanoes in Art. H. Sigurdsson
and R. Lopes, Volcanoes in Literature and Film. Appendices: Units and Physical
Properties of the Earth; Volcanoes of the Earth.
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