Toxicology of Marine Mammals
Joseph G Vos, Gregory Bossart, Michel Fournier, Thomas O'Shea
Hardback 656 pp ISBN 9780415239141
- Provides an overview of the impact of environmental contaminants on marine mammals
- Examines the methods and difficulties in assessing the health risks to these mammals and in determining
the causal relationships between environmental contaminants and specific target organ toxicity
- Investigates strandings and die-offs
- Includes contributions from internationally recognized researchers
The activities of modern society have unleashed a range of toxic chemicals into the global
environment. Many of these toxicants are now being detected in increasing quantities in the
tissues of marine mammals, most notably in top predators who acquire relatively large
amounts of toxic chemicals by ingesting contaminated prey.
Toxicology of Marine Mammals focuses on the effects of natural and introduced
toxicants on organs and systems in marine mammals. It provides overviews on health
status and contamination, with subsequent chapters devoted to whales, pinnipeds,
dolphins, polar bears, manatees, and sea otters. Internationally renowned researchers
assess the mounting evidence for adverse effects on reproduction and the chemically-induced
increased susceptibility to death from infectious diseases. The concluding chapter addresses
perspectives and issues for the future.
This compelling book features research from a vast geographic landscape ranging
from the tropics to the Arctic, with case studies on intriguing areas of contamination such
as the St. Lawrence River and the Baltic Sea. It identifies the severe threats that
environmental contaminants pose to the health and future of marine mammals. It also makes
an urgent call for legislation to regulate the incessant pollution ravaging our seas and
devastating the marine mammal population worldwide. Toxicologists working in marine
biology and veterinary medicine, conservation scientists, fisheries scientists, environmental
scientists, and wildlife managers will all benefit from this comprehensive resource.
PART I IMPLICATIONS OF CONTAMINANTS FOR MARINE MAMMAL HEALTH
Pathology of Marine Mammals with Special Reference to Infectious Diseases, Robert B. Moeller, Jr.
Contaminants and Marine Mammal Immunotoxicology and Pathology, Sylvain De Guise, Kimberlee B.
Beckmen, and Steven D. Holladay
Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Environmental Organochlorines on Marine Mammals, Peter J.H.
Effects of Environmental Contaminants on the Endocrine System of Marine Mammals, Mary Gregory and
Daniel G. Cyr
Opportunities for Environmental Contaminant Research: What Can We Learn from Marine Mammals Under
Human Care, Michelle L. Reddy and Sam H. Ridgway
PART II AN OVERVIEW OF CONTAMINATION OF MARINE MAMMALS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT
Persistent Ocean Contaminants and Marine Mammals: A Retrospective Overview, Thomas J. O"Shea and
Heavy Metals in Marine Mammals, Krishna Das, Virginie Debacker, Stéphane Pillet and Jean-Marie
Persistent Organic Contaminants in Arctic Marine Mammals, Todd M. O'Hara and Paul R. Becker
Inorganic Pollutants in Arctic Marine Mammals, Todd M. O'Hara, Victoria Woshner, and Gerald Bratton
Impacts of Algal Toxins on Marine Mammals, Frances M. Van Dolah, Gregory J. Doucette, Frances M.D.
Gulland, Teri L. Rowles, and Gregory D. Bossart
Toxicology in Sirenians, Thomas J. O'Shea
PART III CETACEANS
Cetaceans and Contaminants, Theo Colborn and Michelle J. Smolen
Pathology of Cetaceans. A Case Study: Beluga from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Daniel Martineau, Igor
Mikaelian, Jean-Martin Lapointe, Phillippe Labelle, and Robert Higgins
Immune Status of St. Lawrence Estuary Beluga Whale, Pauline Brousseau, Sylvain De Guise, Isabelle
Voccia, S. Ruby, and Michel Fournier
Evaluation of Genotoxic Effects of Environmental Contaminants in Cells of Marine Mammals, with Particular
Emphasis on Beluga Whales, J.M. Gauthier, H. Dubeau, and E. Rassart
Mechanisms of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Toxicity: Implications for Cetacean Morbidity and Mortality, Michael
J. Carvan III and David L. Busbee
Ecotoxicologic Investigations of Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatas) Strandings: Accumulation of Persistent
Organic Chemicals and Metals, John E. Stein, Karen L. Tilbury, James P. Meador, Jay Gorzelany, Graham A.J.
Worthy, and Margaret M. Krahn
PART IV PINNIPEDS
Global Temporal Trends of Organochlorines and Heavy Metals in Pinnipeds, Peter J.H. Reijnders and Mark P.
Pathology in Baltic Grey Seals (Halichoerus grypus) in Relation to Environmental Exposure to Endocrine
Disruptors, A. Bergman, A, Bignert, and M. Olsson
The Immune System, Chemical Contaminants and Virus-Associated Mass Mortalities Among Pinnipeds,
Peter S. Ross, Joseph G. Vos, and Albert D.M.E. Osterhaus
The Effects of Chemical Contaminants on Immune Function in Harbour Seals: Results of a Semi-Field Study,
Joseph G. Vos, Peter S. Ross, Rik L. Swart, Henk Van Loveren, and Albert D.M.E. Osterhaus
Immunotoxicology of Free-Ranging Pinnipeds: Approaches to Study Design, Peter S. Ross, Kimberlee B. Beckmen,
and Stéphane Pillet
PART V PERSPECTIVES FOR THE FUTURE
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Conclusions and Perspectives for the Future, Thomas J. O'Shea, Gregory D.
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