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Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact, Second Edition

Shu-Ting Chang, Philip G Miles 
CRC Press  2004  



Hardback  480pp  ISBN 9780849310430      £110.00
  • Presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that will help ensure mushroom cultivation without pollution and provide mushroom products with health enhancers
  • Blends basic biological knowledge with practical techniques. Mushroom growers in all countries will learn how to produce greater and more reliable yields, improve their substrate utilization, and control disease more effectively
  • Discusses how edible mushrooms are a valuable nutritional supplement for us, and how they and their derivative products can serve as important pharmaceutical/medicinal agents

This thorough revision presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that contribute to the modernization of mushroom farming and the mushroom industry. It presents the individual steps of the complex mushroom cultivation process, not only the "how" but also the "why" is explored. Professionals/scientists in related fields will obtain a much greater knowledge of the nutritional and medicinal benefits that mushrooms have to offer. This interdisciplinary approach will appeal to a wide range of related fields with its complete coverage of breeding, efficient cultivation practices, nutritional value, and medicinal/pharmaceutical utility.

Contents

OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION
WHAT ARE MUSHROOMS?, Definition, Characteristics of Mushrooms, Categories of Mushrooms, Poisonous Mushrooms
MAGNITUDE OF MUSHROOM SPECIES
ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF MUSHROOMS AND FUNGI IN GENERAL
COLLECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF MUSHROOMS, Field Collection, Preserving the Collection, Precautions in the Use of Keys
JUSTIFICATION FOR THE TERM "MUSHROOM BIOLOGY"
IMPACT OF MUSHROOM BIOLOGY ON HUMAN WELFARE
MUSHROOM SCIENCE, Definition, Contributing Fields , Mushroom Cultivation Technology, Development of Mushroom Science, Mushroom Biotechnology, Nongreen Revolution, References

THE NUTRITIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMS
INTRODUCTION
NUTRITIONAL ATTRIBUTES, Protein, Essential Amino Acids, Fat, Vitamins, Carbohydrates and Fiber, Minerals, Nucleic Acids, General Considerations
REFERENCES

MEDICINAL VALUES
INTRODUCTION
MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS
MEDICINAL EFFECTS OF THESE MUSHROOMS, Hematological, Antiviral, Antitumor, Antioxidant Activity, Cardiovascular and Renal, Carcinogenicity of Mushrooms, Allergic Reaction to Spores, General Considerations
REFERENCES

OVERVIEW OF THE BIOLOGY OF THE FUNGI
INTRODUCTION
THE FUNGI, Distinguishing Characteristics, Habitats, Role in Nature, Classification
VEGETATIVE STRUCTURE OF FUNGI, Hyphae, Organelles, Septal Structures, Secondary Mycelium of Basidiomycetes, Cell Walls, Unicellular Fungi
GROWTH, Growth Kinetics of Unicellular Fungi, Filamentous Fungi
SPECIALIZED VEGETATIVE STRUCTURES
SPECIALIZED REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES, Sexual, Non-sexual
REQUIREMENTS FOR GROWTH, Nutritional Requirements, Physical Requirements, Transport and Translocation
METABOLISM, Carbon, Nitrogen, Lipids
REPRODUCTION, Introduction, Sexual, Non-sexual, Spore Germination
RELATIONSHIP OF FUNGI WITH OTHER ORGANISMS - SYMBIOSES, Parasitism, Mutualism, Saprophytism
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FUNGI, Proximate Composition of Fungal Cells, Edible Mushrooms
REFERENCES

SUBSTRATE AND MYCELIAL GROWTH
INTRODUCTION
GENERAL NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MUSHROOM GROWTH PREPARATION OF SUBSTRATE, Composting, Microorganisms Involved During Composting
BREAKDOWN OF SUBSTRATES BY EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMES OF MUSHROOM MYCELIUM
GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF MUSHROOM CULTURE IN REGARD TO SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION BY INCREASED PRODUCTION OF EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMES
REFERENCES

SEXUALITY AND THE GENETICS OF BASIDIOMYCETES
DISCOVERY OF SEXUALITY BY KNIEP AND BENSAUDE
Tetrapolarity, Clamp Connection Formation
OTHER EARLY FINDINGS IN SEXUALITY IN BASIDIOMYCETES, Results of Tetrad Analysis, "Geographical Races", Bipolarity, Illegitimate Matings, "Buller Phenomenon" (=Di-Mon Mating)
REACTIONS OTHER THAN THOSE FORMING DIKARYON
GENETICS OF THE MATING TYPE LOCI AND SEXUAL MORPHOGENESIS IN SCHIZOPHYLLUM COMMUNE, Schizophyllum commune, The A Locus of S. commune, The Two-Locus Mating Type Factor Occurs Elsewhere, Findings from Molecular Genetic Studies, Sexual Morphogenesis
GENETICS OF FUNGI, Induction of Mutants, Isolation of Mutants, Characterization of Mutants, Utilization of Methods of Molecular Biology in Genetic Studies of Fungi
REFERENCES

MUSHROOM FORMATION: EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL, NUTRITIONAL, AND CHEMICAL FACTORS
INTRODUCTION
DEVELOPMENT OF FRUITING BODIES, Role of Fruiting Bodies, Variation in Fruiting Body Structure, Primordium Function, Primordium Development, Types of Hyphae in Fruiting Bodies, Growth of Agaricus
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND FRUITING, Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH), Temperature, Aeration, Light, Gravity
NUTRITIONAL FACTORS AND FRUITING, Concentration of Nutrients, Nature of Carbohydrate, Nitrogen, Mineral Nutrition, Vitamins
CHEMICAL FACTORS AND FRUITING, Melanin Production and Perithecial Development in Podospora, Morphogenesis in Schizophyllum commune, Effect of Cyclic AMP
SUMMARY
REFERENCES

MUSHROOM FORMATION: EFFECTS OF GENETIC FACTORS; BREEDING
INTRODUCTION
GENETIC FACTORS FOR FRUITING IMPOSED UPON THE MATING TYPE REQUIREMENTS, Schizophyllum commune, Lentinula
GENETICS OF FRUITING OF POLYPORUS CILIATUS, No Subunits of Incompatibility Factors, Genetic Control of Monokaryotic Fruiting
MONOKARYOTIC FRUITING, Species in Which Monokaryotic Fruiting Has Been Reported, Induction, Relationship with Dikaryotic Fruiting, Potential in Mushroom Cultivation
BREEDING FOR DESIRED MUSHROOM FEATURES, Extension of Temperature Range, Utilization of substrates, Sporeless Fruiting Bodies , General Techniques of Breeding For Strain Improvement
REFERENCES

MUSHROOM FORMATION: EFFECTS OF PESTS AND DISEASES IN MUSHROOM CULTIVATION
INTRODUCTION, History of Mushroom Cultivation and Diseases
VIRAL DISEASES, History, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Virus morphology, Epidemiology, Patch Diseases
BACTERIAL DISEASES, Introduction and Various Mushroom Diseases Caused by Bacteria, Management For Control of Burkholderia gladioli pv agaricicola
FUNGAL DISEASES, Introduction, Mycoparasites, Competitor Weed Fungi
NEMATODE DISEASES
Types of Nematodes
INSECT DISEASES' Introduction' Insects That Serve As Agents of Diseases in Mushroom Houses
ACTIVITY OF MITES IN MUSHROOM CULTIVATION, Genera Found During Mushroom Cultivation, Economic Importance
REFERENCES

CULTURE PRESERVATION
INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVES
METHODS, Short Term Storage, Long Term Storage, A Useful Technique in Genetic Studies
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

WORLD PRODUCTION OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMS
INTRODUCTION
SPECIES CULTIVATED COMMERCIALLY, Agaricus bisporus, Lentinula edodes, Volvariella volvacea, Flammulina velutipes, Auricularia spp., Pleurotus spp., Pholiota nameko, Tremella fuciformis, Recently commercially Cultivated Mushroom Species, Mycorrhizal Fungi - Tuber, Tricholoma
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE WHICH MUSHROOM GROWERS SHOULD POSSESS TRENDS, Production methods breaking the barriers of climate and geography, World production of mushrooms, Utilization of various wastes as substrates, Ten Key Guidelines for Mushroom Farming
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES

AGARICUS - THE LEADER IN PRODUCTION AND TECHNOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDUSTRY, France, Great Britain, The Netherlands, The United States, Italy, Ireland, Taiwan, South Korea, China, General Remarks
COMPOST MATERIALS AND COMPOSTING, Compost Materials, Amount of Compost Material, Composting
SPAWN AND SPAWNING, Definition, Preparation of Spawn, Spawning
CASING
HARVESTING
REFERENCES

LENTINULA - A MUSHROOMING MUSHROOM
INTRODUCTION
EARLY HISTORY OF CULTIVATION
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTAL EVENTS OF CULTIVATION
GENERAL REVIEW OF PRODUCTION
CULTIVATION IN WOOD LOGS, Preparation of Logs, Preparation of Spawn, Inoculation of Spawn into Logs, Laying Logs for Mycelial Running, Management of the Raising Yard for Fruiting, Cropping
CULTIVATION IN POLYPROPYLENE BAGS ("BAG LOG" CULTIVATION), Materials, Inoculation, Incubation, Fruiting, Proper Care of the Bag Log
SPECIAL CULTIVATION PRACTICES Taiwan, China
FRUITING IN LIQUID MEDIA, Experiments with Lentinula, Generalizations
DRYING AND STORAGE
REFERENCES

VOLVARIELLA - A HIGH TEMPERATURE CULTIVATED MUSHROOM INTRODUCTION
BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS, Morphological Characteristics, Requirements for Mycelial Growth, Requirements for fruiting body formation
CULTIVATION METHODS Production of Spawn, Mushroom Production
HARVESTING AND PROCESSING, Harvesting, Processing
SPECIAL CULTIVATION PRACTICE, Rural Spawn Station in Ping-shan County, Hebei Province, China, Techniques

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CRC Press : Summer 2004 : biotechnology : botanicals : environmental impact : food crops : food safety : food science : horticulture : mycology : nutrition, human : vegetables

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