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Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming

John M Laflen, Junliang Tian, Chi-Hua Huang 
CRC Press  2000  



Hardback  744 pp  ISBN 9780849323492      £127.00
  • Addresses soil erosion and dryland farming in Mainland China-approximately 40 percent of the book deals with China
  • Provides global examples of dryland farming
  • Examines dryland farming systems and soil water management, environmental quality and sustainability, erosion control techniques and strategies, and water and wind erosion processes
  • Copublished with the Soil and Water Conservation Society

Overpopulation is at the core of most environmental problems. The impacts of continued growth-with world population reaching 6 billion in October 1999-are felt in most parts of the world. China, the most populous nation, illustrates many of the pivotal problems-and solutions.

Although China faces the same effects of overpopulation as the rest of the world, it still feeds over a billion people on a tillable area that allows about one tenth of a hectare per person. The country's efforts to tie together soil and water conservation, dryland farming, and economic development have been largely successful. Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming explores these trials and the lessons learned from them.

Copublished with the Soil and Water Conservation Society, this exhaustive text consists of the rewritten proceedings from the Society's conference held in Yangling, Shaanxi, China. It covers dryland farming systems and soil water management, environmental quality and sustainability, and erosion control techniques as they relate primarily to Mainland China. With additional global examples and a balance between conceptual and applied studies, it covers some of the most progressive work in soil erosion control and dryland farming from around the world.

Soil exposure while land lies fallow is one of the greatest risks in dryland farming. New procedures and kinds of tillage help control erosion and improve water intake. Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming presents these techniques and technologies to give you a forward-looking perspective into the field, as well as the larger problem of tailoring food production to sustain the population.

Contents

The Loess Plateau-Its Formation, Soil and Water Losses, and Control of the Yellow River, Zhu Xianmo and Ren Meie
Agricultural and Environmental Sustainability-A Global Perspective, J.M. Laflen

DRYLAND FARMING SYSTEMS AND SOIL WATER MANAGEMENT
Effects of Drought Environments on the Photosynthesis of Spring Wheat in the Semiarid Area of Loess Plateau, China, Deng Xi-Peng, Shan Lun, and Inanaga Shinobu
Better Land Husbandry-The Key to Productive and Conservation Effective Dryland Farming, Malcom Douglas
Study on the Comprehensive Measures for Sustainable Development of Rainfed Agriculture in the Region of Eastern Shanxi and Western Henna, Hu Fen and Tao Yu Fen
Rain Water Management for Dryland Farming Production in Northern China, Huang Zhanbin
Surface Conditions and Infiltration Distribution in a Small Watershed in the Loess Area of China, Kang Shaozhong and Zhang Shuhan
Weed Management, Tillage, and Crop Rotations in Dryland Farming Systems, David L. Regeher
Effect of Deep-Ditch Manuring on Apple Tree Root System in an Arid-Farming Orchard, Li Xiangmin, Xu Chunxia and Su Shanmin
Soil Erosion and Damland System Agriculture in Weijiayu Watershed, Zhiguo Wang, Zhenhua Hu, Zhongyi Wei, Jianrui Xu, Chunhong Wang, and Zhaoguang Ren
Eco-Physiological Response to Fertility and Landform for Spring Wheat under Rainfed Environment in Hummocky Terrain, Wenzhao Liu, E. deJong, L. E. Cowell, and D. J. Pennock
Studies of the Nitrogen Cycle on the Southern Edge of the Chinese Loess Plateau, M. Roelcke, R.M. Rees, S. X. Li, and J. Richter
Management of Phosphorous Fertility for Winter Wheat Production in Central South Dakota U.S.A., Howard J. Woddard, Ron Gelderman, Jim Gerwing, and Anthony Bly
Effect of No-Full Irrigation on Physiological Character of Winter Wheat, Yin-li Liang and Shao-zhong Kang
Effects of Irrigating-Limited on Seedling Vigor of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L) on Loess Plateau in China, Yin-li Liang and Shao-zhong Kang

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
Effect of Erosion on Environment Quality of Soil on Southern Loess Plateau in China, Liu Bingzheng, Li Guanglu and Zhao Xiaoguang
Runoff Contaminants from Reduced Tillage Systems, Brian Marsh
Effect of Reduced Soil Tillage in Grain Corn on N and P losses in Runoff and Drainage, A. R. Pesant, S. P. Guertin, G. M. Barnett, A. Belanger, and M. Perron
Reducing Atrazine Losses in Surface Water Runoff, Davil L. Regehr, Philip L. Barnes, and Daniel L. Devlin
Improved Fertilizer Applicator to Reduce Nitrate Fertilizer Leaching from Crop Lands, Daniel E. Ressler, Robert Horton, James L. Baker, and Thomas C. Kaspar
Effect of Decreasing Soil Organic Matter Content and Tillage on Physical Properties of Sandy Sahelian Soils, W. B. Hoogmoed, L. Stroosnijder, H. Posthumus, and B. Tammes
Soil Erosion and Nutrient Cycling on Sloping Upland Ecosystems of Red Soil in Southern China, Zhang Taolin XingXiang Wang and Bin Zhang
Productivity Effects of Erosion and Soil Management on Three Ecoregions of Tanzania, Kaihura, F.B.S., I.K. Kullaya, M. Kilasara, B.R. Singh, J.B. Aune, and R. Lal
Erosional Effects on Agronomic Productivity, R. Lal
Effect of Soil Erosion on Soil Properties and Crop Productivity on Loess Under Dryland Farming in Northern Semiarid Region of IRAN, S. Shahoei and H. Rafahi
The Loss of Soil Nutrients on Loess Plateu Affected by Precipitation, Xingping Wei, Quanjiu Wang, and Wenyan Wang
Productivity Impact of Soil Erosion on the Loess Plateau-A Modelling Approach, Yuelai Lu, Michael Stocking, Bingzhen Liu, and Guanglu Li
Water Quality Impacts of Soil Erosion and Its Control, J.L. Baker

EROSION CONTROL TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES
Numerical Simulation of Windbreak Effect on the Prevention of Wind Erosion, Du Mingyuan, Peiming Wu, Taichi Make, Shigeto Kawashima
Soil Erosion in Chinese Fir Plantations in China, Fan Shaohu and Sheng Weitong
Study on Mechanism of Soil Loss and Sustainable Development in the Dabie Mountain Area of Western Anhui Provence, Shi Zhigang and Yang Yongsheng
Effect of Rain-Water Harvesting Agriculture on Soil Erosion in Loess Plateau, Wang Genxuan, Dongxiu Wu, and Songling Zhao
Techniques and Benefits of Restoring Vegetation on the Eroded Red Soil in Jiangxi, Xiaomin Guo, Dekui Niu, Yuanqiu Liu, and Ye Qing
Soil Erosion Control by Vegetation Restoration in Southern China, Xu Daping, Liu Yulin, and Yang Zengjiang
Using GIS in Calculation of Soil Erosion in Toutunhe River Basin of Arid Xinjian, Chen Yaning
Regional Soil Erosion Risk Evaluation Using an Event-Based GIS-Model-Scenario Technique, C.S. Renschler, B. Diekkruger, and C. Mannaerts
Terrace Systems Design and Application Using Computers, Ted C. Sheng
Using GIS for Land Capability Classification and Conservation Farming Management, Ted C. Sheng and Robert E. Barrett

SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PLANING AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Research on Soil and Water Conservation in Guizhou, Chen Xuhui, Zhou Changhua, Zhou Pidong, and Liao Changli
Impact of Land Tenure on Erosion Control Measures and Implications for Soil Conservation Planning-Lessons From Niger, Andreas Neef
Role of Conservation Planning in Technology Transfer, David L. Schertz
The Federal-University Partnership for Soil Erosion Research and Extension Programs in the United States, B.L. Schmidt
The Small Watershed Management and Economy Development Methods in Middle of Shandong Province of China, Shon Guohang
Probe the Protection of Soil and Water Resources, Xiong Guoqi
Development Analysis Method of Agriculture Synthetic Economic Benefit in Soil and Water Conservation Programme, Zhang Miaoxian and Zhao Zheng
Effect of Soil and Water Conservation on Development of the Rural Economy, Zhang Jinhui and Ding Jialin
The Use of Spatial Information Systems for Dryland Farming: Recent Applications in Australia, T. R. McVicar, D. L. B. Jupp, P. J. Davies, P. A. Dyce, and M. Stauffacher
Quantitative Regionalization of Soil and Water Conservation in Shanxi Plateau, North China, Zhang Jin-Tun

WATER AND WIND EROSION PROCESSES
A Multitracer Study of Radionuclides on the Surface Soil Erosion in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, China, Z. G. Bai, G. J. Wan, C.S. Wang, X. Wan, and R.G. Huang
Research on the Mechanism of the Landslide in the North Hill of the Scenery Reservoir in Xinjian County, Dekui Niu, Xiaomin Guo, Qunming Zheng, and Xinyun Huang
Modeling of Slope Erosion Process for Soil Change, Duan Jiannan, Li Baoguo, Shi Yuanchun, Yan Tailai, and Zhu Dehai
Investigating Processes Controlling Rainfall Partitioning and Sediment Delivery from Interrill Areas, A. Klik, A. Zartl, and C.C. Truman
WEPP-Erosion Prediction Technology, John M. Laflen
Evaluation of WEPP for Transient Frozen Soil, C.D. Pannkuk, D. K. McCool, and J.M. Laflen
New Model of Soil Detachment by Water Flow, M.S. Kuznetsov, V. M. Gendugov, Jaing Yong Qung, R.T. Samoilov, A. D. Fless, and A. A. Ivanjuta
Soil Erosion Prediction on Sloping Cultivated Lands in the Southern Loess Plateau in China, Wu Faqi, Zhao Xiaoguang, and Liu Binzheng
L Factor for Short Slope-Length but Steep Slopes, Wu Chia-Chun
A Study on Alternate Action of Wind Erosion and Water Erosion in Shenfu-Dongsheng Coal Mining Area of China, Xue-tian Gao and Ke-Li Tang
A Quantitative Model for Estimating Soil Erosion Rates by Using 137Cs, Hao Yang, Mingyuan Du, Qing Chang, Katsuyuki Minami, and Tamao Hatta
Soil Erosion Processes in Loess Hilly-Gully Region Covered with Sheet Sand, Zhang Lipiing and Ke-Li Tang
Analysis of Soil Erosion in Mechanics, Zhao Dengfeng, Li Hailu and Han Fujun
Soil Erosion and Degradation Processes from Vegetation Removal in a Forested Area at the Loess Plateau of China, Zheng Fen-Li and Ke-Li Tang
Relation of Erosion and Sediment Yield and Mechanism of Different Erosion Zones on the Loess Plateau of China, Fen-li Zheng, Shao-zhong Kang

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