Scale Insects: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control - Volume 1 & Volume 2

Edited by Y Ben-Dov and C J Hodgson 
Elsevier  1997  

Hardback Volume 1 (7A in series)  476 pages  ISBN 9780444893031      £253.00

Hardback Volume 2 (7B in series)  458 pages  ISBN 9780444828439      £248.00
This two-volume book (Number 7 in the series World Crop Pests) presents an up-to-date account of the soft-scale insects (Coccidae - one of about 20 families in the scale insect superfamily Coccoidea) and covers almost the entire spectrum of the knowledge of this insect family. The two volumes are divided into three parts as follows:

  • The Soft Scale Insects presents a comprehensive account of the morphology, systematics, phylogeny, biology, physiology, ecology and techniques for their scientific study.
  • The Natural Enemies covers the pathogens, predators and parasitoids.
  • Damage and Control opens with an account of the major soft scale pests causing damage to agricultural crops in the world and concludes with a series of eighteen sections on the coccid pests of the most important crops in the world.

The extremely broad coverage will make this book of value to extension officers, to agricultural, horticultural and forestry organisations interested in pest control, to quarantine officers and to research personnel working with soft scales.

Volume 1 (World Crop Pests Volume 7A) contains part 1, The soft scale insects, morphology, systematics and phylogeny. Following a preface, a section with photographs and scanning electron micrographs and a list of contributors to the volume, it covers the following topics:

Part 1. The soft scale insects.

Morphology, Systematics and Phylogeny

  • Diagnosis.
  • The Adult Female
  • The Adult Male
  • The Immature
  • Stages
  • The Male Test
  • Chemistry of the Test Cover
  • Internal Anatomy of the Adult Female
  • Ultrastructure of Integumentary Glands
  • Taxonomic Characters (Adult Female, Adult Male, Nymphs).
  • Classification of the Coccidae and Related Coccoid Families.
  • Intraspecific Variation of Taxonomic Characters
  • Zoogeographical Considerations and Status of Knowledge of the Family.
  • Phylogeny


  • General Life History
  • Embryonic Development; Oviparity and Viviparity
  • Endosymbionts
  • Morphology and Anatomy of Honeydew Eliminating Organs
  • Sooty Moulds
  • Scale Insect Honeydew as Forage for Honey Production
  • The Pela Wax Scale and Commercial Wax Production


  • Effects on Host Plant
  • Gall Formation
  • Crawler Behaviour and Dispersal
  • Seasonal History; Diapause
  • Relationships with Ants
  • Encapsulation of Parasitoids
  • Techniques
  • Collecting and Mounting
  • Laboratory and Mass Rearing

General Index
Index to Coccoidea Taxa
Index to Names of Pathogens, Predators and Parasitoids
Index of Names of Plants.

Volume 2 (World Crop Pests Volume 7B) of the Soft Scale Insects contains part 2 and part 3, covering the following subjects, after a Preface and a list of Contributors to the volume:

Part 2 The Natural Enemies.


  • Entomopathogenic Fungi


  • Coccinellidae and other Coleoptera
  • Cecidomylidae and other Diptera


  • Encyritidae
  • Aphelinidae
  • Eulophidae
  • Pteromalidae
  • Eupelmidae and Signiphoridae

Part 3 Damage and Control

Pest Status of Soft Scale Insects.

  • Economic Importance


  • Insect Development and Reproduction Disrupters
  • Biological Control of Soft Scale Insects in Indoor Plantscapes in the USA

Coccid Posts of Important Crops.

  • Citrus
  • Olive
  • Avocado
  • Mango
  • Guava
  • Persimmon
  • Other Subtropical Fruit Trees
  • Deciduous Fruit Trees
  • Grapevine
  • Sugarcane and Bamboo
  • Coniferous Forest Trees
  • Deciduous Forest Trees
  • Ornamental and House Plants
  • Coffee
  • Cocoa
  • Tea
  • Coconut
  • Rubber

General Index
Index to Coccoidea Taxa
Index to Names of Pathogens, Predators and Parasitoids
Index of Names of Plants.

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Elsevier : agriculture & forestry : bamboo : beneficials : citrus : cocoa : coffee : conversion, biological : crop protection : ecology : entomology : fruit : grapes : mycology : olive : pest control : plant science : rubber : sucrose & sugar crops : symbiosis : taxonomy : tea

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