Biology of Brassica Coenospecies
Edited by C. Gómez-Campo
This book, volume 4 in the series Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding,
covers Brassica crop species and their allies (Raphanus, Sinapis, Eruca,
etc,). They are all important sources of edible roots, stems, leaves, buds and inflorescences,
as well as being used to produce edible or industrial oils, condiments and forage. Many well known
plants or plant products, such as kale, cabbage, brocolli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi,
Chinese cabbage, turnip, rape, rutabaga, swede, colza or rapeseed, canola, mustard, rocket, etc,
belong to this botanical group. Hence, scientific interest in this botanical group has run parallel to its
economical importance, with recent research achievements that would have been unimaginable
only two decades ago. These cover entirely now fields of plant study, such as transformation
and somatic fusion, that complement classical approaches in this book, which combines and
presents both the basic and applied biological aspects of the Brassica species. The contents
include information on the following aspects:
Hardcover 500 pages ISBN 9780444502780
- Cultivated Brassica species.
- B. oleracea wild relatives.
- The genus Brassica.
- Other related genera.
- The tribe Brassiceae.
Origin and domestication
- The phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera
- Domestication of cultivated brassicas and allies.
- The Brassica Coenospecies.
- Crop brassicas: cytogenetic architecture
- Genome manipulation.
- Cytogenetics of wild allies: wild hybridisations.
- Introgression of genes.
- Cytoplasm divergence and genome homoeology.
- Chromosome addition lines
- Protoplast technology
- Somatic hybrids produced between different Brassica species.
- Intergeneric somatic hybrids within the tribe Brassiceae.
- Limited gene transfer via protoplast fusion.
- Cytological investigations of somatic hybrids using in situ hybridisation.
- The utilisation of protoplast fusion to modify the cytoplasm.
- Modification of cytoplasmic traits via protoplast fusion.
- Morphology and physiology
- Classical genetics and dominance relationships.
- The S-multigene family.
- Signal perception and signal transduction.
- Molecular analysis of self-compatibility.
- Evolutionary aspects.
- Related studies with future prospects.
- Male Sterility
- Genic male sterility.
- Cytoplasmic male sterility.
- Use for the production of commercial hybrids.
Genome Structure and Mapping
- Linkage maps.
- Structure of the Brassica genomes.
- Cyclic amphiploidy and the origin and evolution of the Brassica species
- Arabidopsis as a model for a simpler genome.
- Application of the maps in breeding.
- Historical overview.
- Factors influencing microspore culture.
- Developmental aspects of microspore embryogenesis.
- Utilisation of microspore-derived embryos of Brassica.
- Conclusions and future prospects.
- Brassica species transformed
- Gene transfer methods.
- Types of genes transferred.
- Field tests of transgenic plants.
- Legal issues.
- Transgenic Brassica crops now being commercialised.
- Future prospects.
- The importance of Brassica and allies in human and animal diets.
- The chemical composition of Brassica crops.
- General components.
- Secondary plant metabolites: the glucosinolates.
- Other compounds.
- Vegetative growth.
- The transition from vegetative to reproductive development.
- Hormonal control of flowering in Brassica.
- Progress to crop maturity.
- Yield determining factors.
- Blackspot or grey leaf caused by Alteneria Brassicae and dark leaf spot
caused by A brassicicola. Stem canker or blackleg caused by Leptosphaeria
- Stem rot caused Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.
- White rust and staghead disease caused by Albugo candida.
- Light leaf spot caused by Pyrenopezia Brassicae .
- Downy mildew caused by Peronospora parasitica.
- Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium dahliae.
- Clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora Brassicae .
- Other fungal diseases.
Breeding: An overview.
- Breeding objectives.
- Genetical resources.
- Operational steps for breeding.
- Breeding methods.
- Breeding results.
- Future developments.
- Strategies for conservation.
- Summaries of Brassica genetic resources collections
- Important collections.
- Concluding remarks.
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