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Biology of Brassica Coenospecies

Edited by C. Gómez-Campo 
Elsevier  1999  


Hardcover  500 pages  ISBN 9780444502780      £190.00
This book, volume 4 in the series Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding, covers Brassica crop species and their allies (Raphanus, Sinapis, Eruca, etc,). They are all important sources of edible roots, stems, leaves, buds and inflorescences, as well as being used to produce edible or industrial oils, condiments and forage. Many well known plants or plant products, such as kale, cabbage, brocolli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, Chinese cabbage, turnip, rape, rutabaga, swede, colza or rapeseed, canola, mustard, rocket, etc, belong to this botanical group. Hence, scientific interest in this botanical group has run parallel to its economical importance, with recent research achievements that would have been unimaginable only two decades ago. These cover entirely now fields of plant study, such as transformation and somatic fusion, that complement classical approaches in this book, which combines and presents both the basic and applied biological aspects of the Brassica species. The contents include information on the following aspects:

Taxonomy

  • Cultivated Brassica species.
  • B. oleracea wild relatives.
  • The genus Brassica.
  • Other related genera.
  • The tribe Brassiceae.
  • References.

Origin and domestication

  • The phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera
  • Domestication of cultivated brassicas and allies.
  • References.

Cytogenetics

  • The Brassica Coenospecies.
  • Crop brassicas: cytogenetic architecture
  • Genome manipulation.
  • Cytogenetics of wild allies: wild hybridisations.
  • Introgression of genes.
  • Cytoplasm divergence and genome homoeology.
  • Chromosome addition lines
  • References

Somatic hybridisation

  • Protoplast technology
  • Somatic hybrids produced between different Brassica species.
  • Intergeneric somatic hybrids within the tribe Brassiceae.
  • Limited gene transfer via protoplast fusion.
  • Cytological investigations of somatic hybrids using in situ hybridisation.
  • The utilisation of protoplast fusion to modify the cytoplasm.
  • Modification of cytoplasmic traits via protoplast fusion.
  • Conclusions.
  • References.

Self-incompatibility

  • Morphology and physiology
  • Classical genetics and dominance relationships.
  • The S-multigene family.
  • Signal perception and signal transduction.
  • Molecular analysis of self-compatibility.
  • Evolutionary aspects.
  • Related studies with future prospects.
  • References.
  • Male Sterility
  • Genic male sterility.
  • Cytoplasmic male sterility.
  • Use for the production of commercial hybrids.
  • References.

Genome Structure and Mapping

  • Linkage maps.
  • Structure of the Brassica genomes.
  • Cyclic amphiploidy and the origin and evolution of the Brassica species
  • Arabidopsis as a model for a simpler genome.
  • Application of the maps in breeding.
  • References

Haploidy

  • Historical overview.
  • Methodology.
  • Factors influencing microspore culture.
  • Developmental aspects of microspore embryogenesis.
  • Utilisation of microspore-derived embryos of Brassica.
  • Conclusions and future prospects.
  • References.

Genetic Engineering

  • Brassica species transformed
  • Gene transfer methods.
  • Types of genes transferred.
  • Field tests of transgenic plants.
  • Legal issues.
  • Transgenic Brassica crops now being commercialised.
  • Future prospects.
  • References.

Chemical Composition

  • The importance of Brassica and allies in human and animal diets.
  • The chemical composition of Brassica crops.
  • General components.
  • Secondary plant metabolites: the glucosinolates.
  • Other compounds.
  • References.

Physiology

  • Germination.
  • Vegetative growth.
  • The transition from vegetative to reproductive development.
  • Hormonal control of flowering in Brassica.
  • Progress to crop maturity.
  • Yield determining factors.
  • References.

Diseases

  • Blackspot or grey leaf caused by Alteneria Brassicae and dark leaf spot caused by A brassicicola. Stem canker or blackleg caused by Leptosphaeria maculans.
  • Stem rot caused Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.
  • White rust and staghead disease caused by Albugo candida.
  • Light leaf spot caused by Pyrenopezia Brassicae .
  • Downy mildew caused by Peronospora parasitica.
  • Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium dahliae.
  • Clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora Brassicae .
  • Other fungal diseases.
  • References.

Breeding: An overview.

  • Breeding objectives.
  • Genetical resources.
  • Operational steps for breeding.
  • Breeding methods.
  • Breeding results.
  • Future developments.
  • References.

Genetic Resources

  • Strategies for conservation.
  • Availability.
  • Summaries of Brassica genetic resources collections
  • Important collections.
  • Concluding remarks.
  • References.

Subject Index

To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
Brassica : Elsevier : agriculture & forestry : biotechnology : conversion, biological : crops : evolution : food crops : forage crops : genetics : horticulture : mycology : plant genetics : plant pathology : plant science : rapeseed : signalling, plant : taxonomy

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