Herpetology (Pearson) - 3rd Edition
F. Pough, Robin Andrews, John Cadle, Martha Crump, Alan Savitsky, Kentwood Wells
Hardback 736 pages ISBN 9780131008496
Please note: This title is not available from CPL Press in North America or Australasia
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Collaboration by the six authors - whose research specializations include autecology, synecology, systematics, evolution,
morphology, physiology, and behaviour - emphasizes the integration of information from different biological specialties to
produce a comprehensive picture of amphibians and their important roles in modern ecosystems. This book presents the
biology of amphibians and reptiles as the product of phylogenetic history and environmental influences acting in both
ecological and evolutionary time.
I. WHAT ARE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES?
1. Herpetology as a
Field of Study.
The Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles. Shared Characters of Amphibians and Reptiles.
Amphibians and Reptiles in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Development of Herpetology as a Field of Study. The Future of
Amphibians and Reptiles. Summary.
2. The Place of Amphibians and Reptiles in Vertebrate Evolution.
Phylogenetic Systematics. The Transition from fishes to Tetrapods. The Ecological Transition in Tetrapod Origins.
Monophyly of Lissamphibia. Two Hypotheses for Relations between Lissamphibians and Paleozoic Amphibians.
Paedomorphosis in Lissamphibian Evolution. Relationships among Extant Orders of Lissamphibia. The Radiation of
3. Systematics and Diversity of Extant Amphibians.
Salamanders (Urodela or
Caudata). Systematics and Phylogeny of Salamanders. Caecilians (Gymnophiona). Systematics and Phylogeny of
Caecilians. Frogs (Anura). Systematics and Phylogeny of Frogs. Summary.
4. Systematics and Diversity of Extant
Turtles (Testudines or Chelonia). Systematics and Phylogeny of Turtles. Lepidosauria. Tuatara
(Rhynchocephalia). Lizards and Snakes (Squamata). Systematics and Phylogeny of Lizards. Snakes (Serpentes).
Systematics and Phylogeny of Snakes. Archosauria: Crocodilians (Crocodylia). Systematics and Phylogeny of Crocodilians.
5. The Biogeography of Amphibians and Reptiles.
The Nature and Scope of Biogeography.
Biogeographic Processes and Analysis. The Geophysical Context for Historical Biogeography. Continental Fragmentation
and the Biogeography of Amphibians and Reptiles. Some Island Patterns. Merging Faunas: North and South America, the
Great American Interchange, and the West Indies. Generating Diversity: Salamanders and Frogs on Tropical Mountains.
Regional Phylogeography. Summary.
II. HOW DO THEY WORK?
6. Temperature and Water Relations.
Pathways of Energy and Water Exchange. Water Uptake and Loss. Water in the Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles.
Heat Gain and Loss. Behavioral Aspects of Thermoregulation. Cardiovascular Control of Heating and Cooling. The Thermal
Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Freezing Resistance and Freezing Tolerance. Evolution of Thermal and Evaporative
7. Energetics and Performance.
Sites of Gas Exchange. Patterns of Blood
Flow. Functions of Intracardiac Shunts. ATP Synthesis: Oxidative and Glycolytic Metabolism. Energy Costs of Natural
Activities. Annual Energy Budgets. Environmental Variables and Performance. Performance and Fitness. Trade-Offs.
8. Reproduction and Life Histories of Amphibians.
Sex Determination. Reproductive Cycles.
Modes of Fertilization. Hybridogenesis and Gynogenetic Reproduction. Reproductive Modes. Evolution of Direct
Development and Live-Bearing. Evolution of Parental Care. Egg Size and Clutch Size. Larval Development, Complex Life
Cycles, and Metamorphosis. Paedomorphosis. Summary.
9. Reproduction and Life Histories of Reptiles.
Sexual and Asexual Reproduction. Sex Determination. Reproductive Cycles. Reproductive Modes, Gametes, and
Fertilization. Eggs, Embryonic Development, and the Physiological Ecology of Eggs and Embryos. Parental Care. Viviparity
. Life-History Variation. Summary.
10. Body Support and Locomotion.
Body Support, Thrust, and Gait.
Lever Systems. Terrestrial Locomotion with Limbs. Jumping. Terrestrial Limbless Locomotion. Aquatic Locomotion.
Burrowing. Climbing. Aerial Locomotion. Summary.
Suction and Suspension Feeding.
Terrestrial Feeding Mechanisms. Cranial Kinesis. Envenomation. Pit Organ. Herbivory. Summary.
III. WHAT DO
12. Movements and Orientation.
Ecological Consequences of Movement. Methods for
Studying Movements. Types of Movement. Local Movements and home Range. Territoriality. Migration. Movement of
Juveniles. Homing Behavior. Mechanisms of Orientation. Summary.
Communication. Constraints on Signal production. Communication and Noise. Communication by Salamanders.
Communication by Anurans. Communication by Turtles. Communication by Crocodilians. Communication by Lepidosaurs.
14. Mating Systems and Sexual Selection.
The Relationship of Mating Systems and Sexual
Selection. Mating Systems of Amphibians and Reptiles. Variables Affecting Male Reproductive Success. Patterns of Sexual
Size Dimorphism. Summary.
15. Diets, Foraging, and Interactions with Parasites and Predators.
Amphibians and Reptiles as Predators. Interactions with Parasites. Interactions with Predators. Coevolution of Predators and
16. Species Assemblages.
Gradients in Species Richness. Determinants of
Assemblage Structure and Composition. Case Studies of Amphibian and Reptiles Assemblages. Summary.
WHAT ARE THEIR PROSPECTS FOR SURVIVAL?
17. Conservation and the Future of Amphibians and Reptiles.
Conservation Biology. Major Themes. Human Perceptions of Amphibians and Reptiles. Impact of Humans on
Amphibians and Reptiles. Patterns of Species Extinction and Extirpation. Conservation Options. Declining Amphibians: A
Model Issue. Summary.
To find similar publications, click on a keyword below:
- Chapter on biogeography, illustrates the contributions that studies of amphibians and reptiles have made toward
insights about ecology and evolution of extant species.
- Split treatment of reproduction and life historyA
separate chapter for amphibians and another for reptiles, allows for more detailed coverage, and emphasizes the major
differences between the groups.
- New color photographs and species maps, allows for a more clear impression of
the appearance of the animals and enhances the presentation of phenomena such as coloration and mimicry.
Expanded treatment of conservation and natural history, explores the ever increasing toll habitat destruction, pollution, and
disease has on the diversity of amphibians and reptiles.
- Cladograms for all the major groupsDiagrams
showing evolutionary relationships, consolidates evolutionary information and includes lists of the derived characters for each
- Functional perspectiveIntegrates information about ecology, behavior, anatomy, and physiology in an
evolutionary perspective to describe how the animals work as organisms, provides and integrated understanding of the topic
rather than isolated and unrelated bits of information.
: Spring 2004
: animal science
: environmental protection