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Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition

Edited by B. A. Stewart, Terry A. Howell 
Marcel Dekker  2007  



Hardcover - 2 vols  1586 pp  ISBN 9780849396274      £666.00
Filled with figures, images, and illustrations, Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition provides effective concepts and procedures in environmental water science and engineering. It unveils a wide spectrum of design concepts, methods, and solutions for enhanced performance of water quality, treatment, conservation, and irrigation methods, as well as improved water efficiency in industrial, municipal, and agricultural programs. The second edition also includes greatly enhanced coverage of streams and lakes as well as many regional case studies.

An International Team Addresses Important Issues

The only source to provide full coverage of current debates in the field, the encyclopedia offers professional expertise on vital issues including:

  • Current laws and regulations
  • Irrigation management
  • Environmental water economics
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control
  • Nutrient best management practices
  • Water sanitation
  • Stream and lake morphology and processes

A direct and reliable source for best practices in water handling, preservation, and recovery, the encyclopedia examines challenges in the provision of safe water supplies, guiding environmental professionals as they face a worldwide demand for sanitary and affordable water reserves.

Contents

Volume 1

Academic Disciplines
Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry
African Market Garden
Agricultural Runoff: Characteristics
Agroforestry: Enhancing Water Use Efficiency
Alluvial Fan
Ancient Greece: Agricultural Hydraulic Works
Ancient Greece: Hydrologic and Hydraulic Science and Technology
Ancient Greece: Urban Water Engineering and Management
Antitranspirants: Film-Forming Types
Antitranspirants: Stomata Closing Types
Aquifers
Aquifers: Artificial Recharge
Aquifers: Ogallala
Aquifers: Recharge
Aquifers: Transmissivity
Aral Sea Disaster
Arctic Hydrology
Boron
Bound Water in Soils
Brahmaputra Basin
Canal Automation
Chemical Measurement
Chemigation
Chernobyl Accident: Impacts on Water Resources
Chesapeake Bay
Chromium
Conservation: Tillage and No-Tillage
Consumptive Water Use
Crop Coefficients
Crop Development Models
Crop Plants: Critical Developmental Stages of Water Stress
Crop Residues: Snow Capture by
Cyanobacteria in Eutrophic Freshwater Systems
Dam Removal
Darcy€s Law
Databases
Deltas
Desalination
Drainage and Water Quality
Drainage Coefficient
Drainage: Controlled
Drainage: Hydrologic Impacts
Drainage: Inadequacy and Crop Response
Drainage: Irrigated Land
Drainage: Land Shaping
Drainage: Materials
Drainage: Modeling
Drainage: Soil Salinity Management
Drinking Water Supply Distribution Systems
Drip Lines and Emitters: Acidification for Prevention of Clogging
Drip Lines and Emitters: Chlorination for Disinfection and Prevention of Clogging
Drought
Drought Hardening and Pre-Sowing Seed Hardening
Drought: Avoidance and Adaptation
Drought: Management
Drought: Resistance
Dryland and Semiarid Regions: Research Centers
Dryland Cropping Systems
Dryland Farming
Dust Bowl Era
El Nino
Energy Dissipation Structures
Erosion and Precipitation
Erosion and Productivity
Erosion Control: Mechanical
Erosion Control: Tillage/Residue Methods
Erosion Control: Vegetative
Erosion Problems: Historical Review
Erosion Research: History
Erosion Research: Instrumentation
Erosion: Accelerated
Erosion: Bank
Erosion: Prediction
Erosion: Process Modeling
Eutrophication
Evaporation
Evaporation and Eddy Correlation
Evaporation and Energy Balance
Evaporation from Lakes and Large Bodies of Water
Evaporation from Soils
Evapotranspiration: Canopy Architecture and Climate Effects
Evapotranspiration: Formulas
Evapotranspiration: Greenhouses
Evapotranspiration: Reference and Potential
Evapotranspiration: Remote Sensing
Evapotranspiration: Weather Station Network Information
Everglades
Farm Ponds
Fertilizer and Pesticide Leaching: Irrigation Management
Field Water Supply and Balance
Filtration and Particulate Removal
Floodplain Management
Floods and Flooding
Flouride
Flow Measurement: History
Fluvial Islands
Frozen Soil: Water Movement in
Furrow Dikes
Ganges River
Giant Reed (Arundo donax): Effects on Streams and Water Resources
Global Temperature Change and Terrestrial Ecology
Groundwater: Contamination
Groundwater: Contamination, Arsenic
Groundwater: Mapping Levels
Groundwater: Measuring Levels
Groundwater: Mining
Groundwater: Modeling
Groundwater: Modeling Using Numerical Methods
Groundwater: Pollution from Mining
Groundwater: Pollution from Nitrogen Fertilizers
Groundwater: Pollution from Phosphorous Fertilizers
Groundwater: Pumping and Land Subsidence
Groundwater: Pumping Methods
Groundwater: Quality
Groundwater: Quality and Irrigated Agriculture
Groundwater: Regulation
Groundwater: Saltwater Intrusion
Groundwater: Western United States Law
Groundwater: World Resources
Hydrologic Cycle
Hydrologic Management of Contaminated Sites Using Vegetation
Hydrologic Process Modeling
Hydrology Research Centers
Hypoxia: Gulf of Mexico
Internet
Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impacts of Investments
Irrigated Agriculture: Endangered Species Policy
Irrigated Agriculture: Historical View
Irrigated Agriculture: Managing toward Sustainability
Irrigated Agriculture: Social Impacts
Irrigated Water: Market Role in Reallocating
Irrigated Water: Polymer Application
Irrigation Design: Steps and Elements
Irrigation Districts and Similar Organizations
Irrigation Economics: Global
Irrigation Economics: United States
Irrigation Management: Humid Regions
Irrigation Management: Tropics
Irrigation Return Flow and Quality
Irrigation Sagacity (IS)
Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Field Application)
Irrigation Scheduling: Plant Indicators (Measurement)
Irrigation Scheduling: Remote Sensing Technologies
Irrigation Scheduling: Soil Water Status
Irrigation Scheduling: Water Budgeting
Irrigation Systems: Drip
Irrigation Systems: History
Irrigation Systems: Subsurface Drip
Irrigation: Deficit
Irrigation: Efficiency
Irrigation: Frost Protection and Bloom Delay
Irrigation: Impact on River Flows
Irrigation: Metering
Irrigation: Preplant
Irrigation: Saline Water
Irrigation: Sewage Effluent Use
Irrigation: Site-Specific
Irrigation: Sprinklers (Mechanical)
Irrigation: Supplemental
Irrigation: Surface
Isotopes
Journals

Volume 2

Karst Aquifers
Karst Aquifers: Water Quality and Water Resource Problems
La Nina
Land Drainage: Subsurface
Land Drainage: Wells
Leaf Water Potential
Library Resources
Livestock and Poultry Production: Water Consumption
Livestock Water Quality Standards
Livestock: Water Harvesting Methods
Low-Impact Development
Manure Management: Beef Cattle Industry Requirements
Manure Management: Dairy
Manure Management: Poultry
Manure Management: Swine
Marketing
Matric Potential
Microbial Sampling
Mining Impact: Metals
Natural Levees
Neuse River
Nitrogen Measurement
Nonpoint Source Pollution (NPSP)
Nutrients: Best Management Practices
Observation Wells
On-Farm Irrigation Flow Measurement
Open-Channel Flow Rate Measurements
Open-Channel Spillways
Oxygen Measurement: Biological€Chemical Oxygen Demand
Pathogens: General Characteristics
Pathogens: Transport by Water
Pesticide Contamination: Groundwater
Pesticide Contamination: Surface Water
Pfiesteria Piscicida
pH
Pharmaceuticals in Water Supplies
Phosphorus: Inputs into Freshwater from Agriculture
Phosphorus: Measurement
Phosphorus: Transport in Riverine Systems
Plant Water Stress: Exposure during Specific Growth Stages
Plant Water Stress: Optional Parameters for Stress Relief
Plant Water Use: Stomatal Control
Plant Yield and Water Use
Plants: Critical Growth Periods
Plants: Osmotic Adjustment
Plants: Osmotic Potential
Plants: Salt Tolerance
Platte River
Pollution: Point Source (PS)
Porous Pavements
Precipitation: Distribution Patterns
Precipitation: Forms
Precipitation: Measurement
Precipitation: Modification
Precipitation: Remote Sensing Measurement
Precipitation: Simulation Models
Precipitation: Stochastic Properties
Precipitation: Storms
Precision Agriculture and Water Use
Precision Conservation
Professional Societies
Psychrometry: Accuracy, Interpretation, and Sampling
Psychrometry: Theory, Types, and Uses
Pumps: Displacement
Pumps: Internal Combustion Engines
Rainfall Shelters
Rainfed Farming
Rainwater Harvesting
Rangeland Management: Enhanced Water Utilization
Rangeland Water Yield: Influence of Brush Clearing
Rangelands: Water Balance
Research Organizations
Residential Irrigation Water Use and Control
Reverse Osmosis
Richards€ Equation
Ring and Tension Infiltrometers
Riparian Geomorphology
River Channelization
River Channels
Rural Water Supply: Water Harvesting
Sacramento€San Joaquin Delta
Saline Seeps
Saline Water
Salton Sea
Satellite Sensing: Atmospheric Water
Scaling Processes in Watersheds
Seas: Dead and Dying
Sediment Budgets
Sediment Load
Selenium

Software Development
Soil Macropores: Water and Solute Movement
Soil Moisture Measurement by Feel and Appearance
Soil Water Measurement: Capacitance
Soil Water Measurement: Granular Matrix Sensors
Soil Water Measurement: Gravimetric
Soil Water Measurement: Neutron Thermalization
Soil Water Measurement: Soil Probes
Soil Water Measurement: Tensiometers
Soil Water Measurement: Time Domain Reflectometry
Soil Water: Antecedent
Soil Water: Capillary Rise
Soil Water: Diffusion
Soil Water: Energy Concepts
Soil Water: Flow under Saturated Conditions
Soil Water: Flow under Unsaturated Conditions
Soil Water: Functions in Pedostructure
Soil Water: Hysteresis
Soil Water: Plant-Available
Soil Water: Salinity Measurement
Soil Water: Sensor-Based Automatic Irrigation of Vegetable Crops
Soils: Field Capacity
Soils: Hydraulic Conductivity Rates
Soils: Hygroscopic Water Content
Soils: Permanent Wilting Points
Soils: Water Infiltration
Soils: Water Percolation
Soils: Waterborne Chemicals Leaching through
Stomatal Responses to the Environment: Quantifying
Storativity and Specific Yield
Stormwater Management
Streambank Stabilization
Summer Fallow
Surface Water: Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
Surface Water: Nitrogen Enrichment
Surface Water: Pollution by Nitrogen Fertilizers
Surface Water: Pollution by Surface Mines
Surface Water: Quality and Phosphorous Applications
Surface Water: Western United States Law
Suspended-Sediment Transport Measurement
Tailwater Recovery and Reuse
Tamarisk
Timber Harvesting: Influence on Water Yield and Water Quality
Time Domain Reflectometry: Salinity and Solute Measurement
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
Transpiration
Transpiration: Carbon Dioxide and Plants
Transpiration: Efficiency
Transpiration: Scaling from Leaves and Canopies
Transpiration: Water Use Efficiency
Two-Stage Channel Geometry: Active Floodplain Requirements
Uptake by Plant Roots
Uptake by Plant Roots: Modeling Water Extraction
Urban Hydrology
Urban Water Quality
Vadose Zone and Groundwater Protection
Vapor Transport in Dry Soils
Virtual Water
Virtual Water: Economic Perspective
Virtual Water: Measuring Flows around the World
Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Agronomic Considerations
Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence
Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Public Health Considerations
Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Saline and Sodic Waters
Water Balance Scheduling in Arid Regions
Water Footprints
Water Harvesting
Water Properties
Water Quality: Modeling
Water Quality: Range and Pasture Land
Water Quality: Sampling of Runoff from Agricultural Fields
Wellhead Protection
Wells: Drilling
Wells: Hydraulics
Wetlands and Petroleum
Wetlands as Treatment Systems
Wetlands: Ecosystems
Wind Erosion and Water Resources
Yellow River

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