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Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future

John R. Fanchi 
Academic Press  2004  



Hardback  400 pp  ISBN 9780122482915      £55.00

  • Over 100 illustrations
  • Over 150 exercises
  • Forecasts of the 21st century energy mix
  • Presents history and science of several energy sources
  • Discusses social, economic and environmental implications of energy choices
  • Solves concrete engineering problems using scientific principles
  • Designed for scientists and engineers with physics and calculus background
  • Convenient list of energy conversion factors

Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future presents the fundamentals of energy for scientists and engineers. It is a survey of energy sources that will be available for use in the 21st century energy mix. The reader will learn about the history and science of several energy sources as well as the technology and social significance of energy. Themes in the book include thermodynamics, electricity distribution, geothermal energy, fossil fuels, solar energy, nuclear energy, alternate energy (wind, water, biomass), energy and society, energy and the environment, sustainable development, the hydrogen economy, and energy forecasting. The approach is designed to present an intellectually rich and interesting text that is also practical.This is accomplished by introducing basic concepts in the context of energy technologies and, where appropriate, in historical context. Scientific concepts are used to solve concrete engineering problems.

The technical level of presentation presumes that readers have completed college level physics with calculus and mathematics through calculus of several variables. The selection of topics is designed to provide the reader with an introduction to the language, concepts and techniques used in all major energy components that are expected to contribute to the 21st century energy mix. Future energy professionals will need to understand the origin and interactions of these energy components to thrive in an energy industry that is evolving from an industry dominated by fossil fuels to an industry working with many energy sources.

Contents

1 Introduction 1.1 Units and Dimensional Analysis1.2 A Brief History of Energy Consumption1.3 Energy Consumption and the Quality of Life1.4 Energy Options1.5 The Progress of Science1.6 Energy Professionals1.7 Outline of the BookEndnotesExercises

THE SCIENCE OF ENERGY

2 Classical Energy
2.1 Newtonian Physics2.2 Forces of Nature2.3 Electromagnetism2.4 Alternative Formulations of Nonrelativistic Classical Dynamics2.5 Energy Transformations2.6 Einstein's Relativity2.7 Invariance, Symmetry and Relativity2.8 An Illustration from Particle PhysicsEndnotesExercises

3 Heat Energy
3.1 Temperature and Composition3.2 Thermodynamics Systems and States3.3 Laws of Thermodynamics3.4 Heat Engines3.5 Fluids in Porous Media3.6 Equilibrium Conditions in the Absence of Gravity3.7 Equilibrium Conditions in the Presence of GravityEndnotesExercises

4 Quantum Energy
4.1 Black Body Radiation4.2 Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle4.3 Bohr's Complementarity and Wave-Particle Duality4.4 Born's Probabilistic View4.5 Nonrelativistic Schroedinger Equation4.6 Path Integral Formalism4.7 Tunneling A Quantum Mechanical Phenomenon4.8 Interpretation of Quantum TheoryEndnotesExercises

5 Relativistic Quantum Energy
5.1 Scattering5.2 The Particle Zoo5.3 Time5.4 Relativistic Path Integral Formalism5.5 Relativistic Quantum Theory5.6 GUT and TOEEndnotesExercises

6 The Molecular Basis of Bioenergy
6.1 Models of the Atom6.2 Molecular Biology6.3 What is Life?6.4 Photosynthesis6.5 The Synthetic Theory of Evolution6.6 Evolution Gradualism or Punctuated Equilibrium?EndnotesExercises

ORIGINS OF ENERGY SOURCES

7 Origin of Cosmic Energy Sources
7.1 The Expanding Universe7.2 Cosmic Radiation7.3 Astronomical Distances7.4 The Standard Cosmological Model7.5 Cosmological Parameters7.6 The Big BangEndnotesExercises

8 Origin of Terrestrial Energy Sources
8.1 Formation of Celestial Objects8.2 The Life of a Star8.3 Evolution of the Primordial Earth8.4 Radioactive Dating8.5 Plate Tectonics8.6 Fractals and Geographical LengthsEndnotesExercises

9 Origin of Bioenergy Sources
9.1 Spontaneous Generation9.2 The Miller-Urey Experiment9.3 Evolution9.4 Modern Taxonomy9.5 Origin of Fossil Fuels9.6 Population Models9.7 Populations and ChaosEndnotesExercises

ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

10 Power Generation and Distribution
10.1 Historical Development of Electric Power10.2 Elements of Alternating Current Circuits10.3 Electric Power Generation10.4 Electric Power Distribution10.5 Distributed GenerationEndnotesExercises

11 Fossil Energy
11.1 The History of Fossil Fuels11.2 Coal11.3 Petroleum Fluids11.4 Petroleum Exploration11.5 Petroleum Production11.6 Reservoir Management11.7 Non-conventional Fossil FuelsEndnotesExercises

12 Nuclear Energy
12.1 Principles of Nuclear Energy12.2 History of Nuclear Energy12.3 Applications of Nuclear Energy12.4 Availability of Nuclear Fuel12.5 Environmental and Safety IssuesEndnotesExercises

13 Solar Energy
13.1 Principles of Solar EnergyPassive and Active13.2 History of Solar Energy13.3 Applications of Solar Energy13.4 Relative Merits of Solar Energy13.5 Environmental and Safety IssuesEndnotesExercises

14 Renewable Energy
14.1 Principles of Renewable EnergyWind Energy, Hydropower, Geoenergy, Biomass, Synfuels14.2 History of Renewable Energy14.3 Applications of Renewable Energy14.4 Relative Merits of Renewable Energy14.5 Environmental and Safety IssuesEndnotesExercises

15 Alternative Energy and Conservation
15.1 Historical Development of Alternative Energy and Conservation15.2 Fuel Cells15.3 The Hydrogen Economy15.4 Co-generation15.5 Conservation Endnotes Exercises
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Academic Press : Spring 2004 : energy : renewable energy

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