Checklist for Sustainable Landscape Management
J D van Mansvelt and M J van der Lubbe
This publication, the Final Report of the EU Concerted Action AIR3-CT93-1210, presents an
interdisciplinary cross-cultural, widely calibrated checklist for EU sustainable landscape management.
It is intended to serve both as an analytical tool of reference as well as a design tool for local, regional
and European policy making on sustainable developments. The tool has been developed out of a
multidisciplinary study in EU countries that was designed to find out what would be the overall
requirements for a sustainable management of the landscape of rural areas. It asks whether these
stipulations can be brought together in a comprehensive system with sufficient consistency to
comply with the notion that the landscape is an entity, which should be managed accordingly.
Co-operation of the scientific experts with those involved in the practical side, and alternating
plenary reporting with sub-group visits to farms in the rural landscapes of the participants' countries,
allowed for the development of some truly interdisciplinary teamwork. It includes investigations of
how organic agriculture contributes to the rural landscape.
Hardback 202 pages ISBN 9780444501592
Annex 1: Participants.
- Introduction. Background and problem statement. Objectives, Approach. Structure of the report.
- Research Methods. Outline of a unifying concept. On the complementarity of interdisciplinary Holism
and disciplinary reductionism. Dissemination of results.
- Results. Introduction. Explanation of the checklist. Criteria for the (a)biotic realm. Environment.
Clean environment, Fertile and resilient soil. Water quality. Air quality. Wild fire control. Food and
fibre sufficiency and quality. Nationally sufficient and regionally sustainable levels of food and fibre
production. Good food and fibre quality to match sufficient quantities. Regional carrying capacity.
Economic and efficient use of resources. Sustainable, site-adapted and regionally specific Production
system. Ecology, Bio-diversity. Flora and fauna species diversity. Bio-tope diversity. Ecosystem
diversity. Ecological coherence. Vertical coherence: onsite. Horizontal coherence: in the landscape.
Cyclical coherence: in time. Eco-regulation. Animal welfare, Criteria for the social realm: economy
and sociology. Economy good farming should pay-off. Greening the economy. Regional autonomy
Sociology Well-being in the area, Permanent education of farmers. Access to Participation, Farmers'
involvement in activities outside the farm. Outsiders' involvement in farm activities. Accessibility of the
landscape. Criteria for the humanity realm, psychology and physiognomy and cultural heritage.
Psychology, compliance to the natural environment. Good use of the landscape's potential utility.
Presence of naturalness. A rich and fair offer of sensory qualities. Experiences of unity. Experienced
historicity. Presence of cyclical developments. Careful management of the landscape. Physiognomy/cultural
geography, Diversity of landscape components. Coherence of the landscape elements. Continuity of land use
and spatial arrangements. Conclusions.
- Performances of organic agriculture. Theory and literature. Features of modern strategies.
Basic concepts of organic types of agriculture. Empirical data collected from literature. Comparison
of farming systems in the concerted action. Concluding remarks.
- Uses and users. Overview of possible uses and users. Indicative links with funding.
Annex 2: Checklist, compliance with other standards for sustainable and organic agriculture.
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