Protocols in Lichenology - Culturing, Biochemistry, Ecophysiology and Use in Biomonitoring
Edited by Kranner, I., Beckett, R., Varma, A.
As an intricate association between a fungus and one or more green algae or
cyanobacteria, lichens are one of the most successful examples of symbiosis. These
fascinating organisms survive extreme desiccation and temperatures. They are adapted to a
great variety of habitats, from deserts to intertidal zones, from tropical rain forests to the
peaks of the Himalayas and to circumpolar ecosystems. Lichens are extremely efficient
accumulators of atmospherically deposited pollutants, and are therefore widely used to
monitor environmental pollution. Their wide range of secondary products show
pharmaceutically interesting fungicidal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Lichens are
extremely difficult to culture. This manual provides well-tested tissue culture protocols,
protocols for studying lichen ultrastructure, (eco)physiology, primary and secondary
compounds, and for using lichens as bioindicators.
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Softcover XVI, 580 pp, 88 figs, 4 in color ISBN 9783540411390
: environmental impact